Flooding

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An Analysis of Flooding Aboard the RMS TitanicbyCapt. Charles Weeks, Jr.Titanic SymposiumMaine Maritime AcedemyApril 24, 2004: 

An Analysis of Flooding Aboard the RMS Titanic by Capt. Charles Weeks, Jr. Titanic Symposium Maine Maritime Acedemy April 24, 2004

General Deck Plans: 

General Deck Plans Passenger and Crew Areas Color Coded WT Bulkheads and Doors Indicated Probably Location of Gates Indicated

Boat Deck: 

Boat Deck ﴀ

A Deck: 

A Deck ﴀ

B Deck: 

B Deck Ports Ports Port Ports Ports Port Port Gate Buckley Climbed Over ﴀ

C Deck: 

C Deck ﴀ

D Deck: 

D Deck ﴀ

E Deck: 

E Deck Port Port Ash Port Port Port Port Port Port Port Port Escape Doors from Boilers Rms and Enginge Rms Bostwick Gate Up (NARA Plans) Bostwick Gate (NARA Plans) First or Second Class Ctd as First First or Second Class Ctd as Second Possible Location of Doors (Gates?) Between First and Second Class ﴀ

F Deck: 

F Deck ﴀ

G Deck: 

G Deck ﴀ

Orlop Deck: 

Orlop Deck ﴀ

Tank Top: 

Tank Top All Watertight Doors Operated from Bridge ﴀ ﴀ

Testimony re FloodingAmerican and British Inquiries: 

Testimony re Flooding American and British Inquiries

Inquiry TestimonyBarrett 2340 (1868): 

Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2340 (1868)

Inquiry TestimonyBarrett 2340 (1917): 

Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2340 (1917)

Wreck Commissioner’s Report2340+: 

Wreck Commissioner’s Report 2340+

Inquiry TestimonyBuley 2340+ (Day 7 USA): 

Inquiry Testimony Buley 2340+ (Day 7 USA)

Inquiry TestimonyHendrickson 2345 (4856-4866): 

Inquiry Testimony Hendrickson 2345 (4856-4866)

Inquiry TestimonyHendrickson, Sheirs 2340-2350 (4559): 

Inquiry Testimony Hendrickson, Sheirs 2340-2350 (4559)

Inquiry TestimonyBarrett 2340+ 2350+ (Day 18 USA): 

Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2340+ 2350+ (Day 18 USA)

Inquiry TestimonyPoingdestre 2340-2350 (2821-2): 

Inquiry Testimony Poingdestre 2340-2350 (2821-2)

Inquiry TestimonyBarrett 2350 (1926): 

Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2350 (1926)

Inquiry TestimonyBeauchamp 2350+ (671+): 

Inquiry Testimony Beauchamp 2350+ (671+)

Wreck Commissioner’s Report Flooding in the First 10 Min. : 

Wreck Commissioner’s Report Flooding in the First 10 Min. Poingdestre 2821-2 Hendrickson 859, 4856-66, 4870, 4849

Wreck Commissioner’s Report2350: 

Wreck Commissioner’s Report 2350

Inquiry TestimonyBoxhall 2350-2400 (15374, 15390): 

Inquiry Testimony Boxhall 2350-2400 (15374, 15390) 0000 0005-0010

Inquiry TestimonyBarrett 2350-0040 (1669, 2034, 2039, 2141): 

Inquiry Testimony Barrett 2350-0040 (1669, 2034, 2039, 2141) 2350 0040

Inquiry TestimonyBarrett (1969, 2038, 2039, 2041): 

Inquiry Testimony Barrett (1969, 2038, 2039, 2041) 2350 Rush of Water Between Bulkheads

Inquiry TestimonyLee and Pitman: 

Inquiry Testimony Lee and Pitman Lee 0000 (2455, 249, 24, 85) Pitman 0000 (14962, 14965)

Inquiry TestimonyPitman 0000 (14548-49): 

Inquiry Testimony Pitman 0000 (14548-49) WTDs Not Closed at This Time

Inquiry TestimonyJohnson 0005 (3397): 

Inquiry Testimony Johnson 0005 (3397)

Inquiry TestimonyPoingdestre 0010-0025 (2872, 3178): 

Inquiry Testimony Poingdestre 0010-0025 (2872, 3178) Bulkhead Gives Way Starboard to Port

Inquiry TestimonyPoingdestre 0020 (2894-61): 

Inquiry Testimony Poingdestre 0020 (2894-61)

Inquiry TestimonyBarrett (1869, 1874): 

Inquiry Testimony Barrett (1869, 1874)

Inquiry TestimonyDillon 0120 (3816), Caroll 0120 (4287-4263): 

Still Dry. No Damage Aft of #4 Boiler Rm. All WTDs Aft of Main ER Opened 0010 WTD Aft of #4 Boiler Rm. Opened Inquiry Testimony Dillon 0120 (3816), Caroll 0120 (4287-4263)

Inquiry Testimony 0135Lee, Rowe, Jewell, and Lightoller: 

Inquiry Testimony 0135 Lee, Rowe, Jewell, and Lightoller D Lowered Lee (2541), Rowe (17688-89), Jewell (167), and Lightoller (14081, 14023)

The Sinking of RMS Titanic: Investigated by Modern Techniquesby C. Hackett, Senior Naval Architect, Harland and Wolff and J. G. Bedford, Retired Chief Naval Architect, Harland and Wolff© 1996 The Royal Institution of Naval ArchitectsPresented to a joint meeting of The Royal Instiute of Naval Architects (RINA) and the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland (IESIS): 

The Sinking of RMS Titanic: Investigated by Modern Techniques by C. Hackett, Senior Naval Architect, Harland and Wolff and J. G. Bedford, Retired Chief Naval Architect, Harland and Wolff © 1996 The Royal Institution of Naval Architects Presented to a joint meeting of The Royal Instiute of Naval Architects (RINA) and the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland (IESIS)

Hacket & Bedford10 Min. Post Collision (2350): 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 10 Min. Post Collision (2350)

Hacket & Bedford20 Min. Post Collision (2400): 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 20 Min. Post Collision (2400)

Hacket & Bedford40 Min. Post Collision (0020): 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020)

Hacket & Bedford60 Min. Post Collision (0040): 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040)

Hacket & Bedford 1Hr 25 Min. Post Collision (0120): 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 1Hr 25 Min. Post Collision (0120)

Hacket & Bedford 2Hrs 30 Min. Post Collision (0210): 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 2Hrs 30 Min. Post Collision (0210)

Hacket & Bedford 10 Min. Post Collision (2350) Tank Top and Lower Orlop: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 10 Min. Post Collision (2350) Tank Top and Lower Orlop Peak tank, cargo areas flood

Hacket & Bedford 10 Min. Post Collision (2350) Orlop Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 10 Min. Post Collision (2350) Orlop Deck 1st andamp; 2nd Class baggage area and mail room flood

Hacket & Bedford 20 Min. Post Collision (2400) Orlop Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 20 Min. Post Collision (2400) Orlop Deck Cargo areas flood

Hacket & Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) Orlop Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) Orlop Deck Boiler Rooms 5 andamp; 6 flood

Hacket & Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) G Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) G Deck

Hacket & Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) F Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 40 Min. Post Collision (0020) F Deck

Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) Orlop Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) Orlop Deck Chain locker and storage floods

Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) G Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) G Deck Chain locker, Storage Area, and Boiler Room 6 flood

Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) F Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) F Deck Chain locker, Storage Area, and Compartments 5 andamp; 6 flood

Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) E Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) E Deck

Hacket & Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) D Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 60 Min. Post Collision (0040) D Deck

Hacket & Bedford 2 hrs. 5 Min. Post Collision (0145) D Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 2 hrs. 5 Min. Post Collision (0145) D Deck 1st Class Cabins flood

Hacket & Bedford 2 hrs. 5 Min. Post Collision (0145) C Deck: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford 2 hrs. 5 Min. Post Collision (0145) C Deck

Hacket & Bedford: 

Hacket andamp; Bedford Green 10 min. past collision Blue 20 min. past collision Purple 40 min. past collision Orange 60 min. past collision Pink 1 Hr. 25 min. past collision Red 2 Hrs. 30 min. past collision

Titanic at 2:00 A.M.by Paul J. Quinn1997: 

Titanic at 2:00 A.M. by Paul J. Quinn 1997

Quinn 2:00 a.m.p. 29: 

Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 29 '…water washed against the formast.'

Quinn 2:00 a.m.p. 29: 

Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 29 B Deck Bow and Forward Well Deck go under.

Quinn 2:00 a.m.p. 35: 

Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 35 Water not yet up to D Deck on Grand Staircase. First Class areas along A, B, and C Decks virtually untouched. 0100 0200

Quinn 2:00 a.m.p. 35: 

Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 35 B Deck Forward Promenage floods. Inside A, B, andamp; C decks virtually untouched.

Quinn 2:00 a.m.p. 35: 

Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 35 E Deck Water reaches base of E Deck on Grand Staircase at 1:00 and stays there for an hour.

Quinn 2:00 a.m.p. 36: 

Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 36 'By 2 a.m. a considerable amount of the bottom of the forward part of the ship had flooded -- away from the view of most of the passengers.'

Quinn 2:00 a.m.p. 36: 

Quinn 2:00 a.m. p. 36 Tank Top Boiler Rms. 5 andamp; 6 completely flooded, Boiler Rm. 4 partly submerged.

Quinn 2:05 a.m.p. 37: 

Quinn 2:05 a.m. p. 37 0100 Forward railing on B deck was now dipping underwater. On D Deck water creeps towards elevators. On E Deck Scotland Road was underwater.

Quinn 2:05 a.m.p. 40: 

Quinn 2:05 a.m. p. 40 0130 0100 Doors between compartments slow flooding. Water appears at base of Grand Staircase a little after 1:00 but does not appear in Boiler Rm. 4 (below Grand Staircase) until around 1:30.

Quinn 2:05 a.m.p. 42: 

Quinn 2:05 a.m. p. 42 Water had easier access to E and F Decks than to boiler rooms below, creating a condition where water was resting on top of air. Water laps as the base of the Promenade Deck.

Quinn 2:10 a.m.p. 55: 

Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 55

Quinn 2:10 a.m.p. 55: 

Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 55 D Deck Water advances to Reception Room.

Quinn 2:10 a.m.p. 55: 

Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 55 E Deck Scotland Road flooding and water pours down 3rd class staircase to Dining Room on F Deck.

Quinn 2:10 a.m.p. 55: 

Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 55 F Deck Water pours down staircases to 3rd class Dining Room.

Quinn 2:10 a.m.p. 56: 

Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 56 Bow goes under, forward buoyance was lost, and redistribution of weight leads to a noticeable slanting motion which was noticed by passengers like Jack Thayer.

Quinn 2:10 a.m.p. 68, 71: 

Quinn 2:10 a.m. p. 68, 71 Docking bridge and forward railing going under. Grand Staircase flooded on E Deck, part of D Deck.

Quinn 2:15 a.m.p. 75: 

Quinn 2:15 a.m. p. 75 Water up to bridge, D Deck Reception Room.

Quinn 2:15 a.m.p. 83: 

Quinn 2:15 a.m. p. 83 Crow’s nest level with the water.

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