Easy Steps to Control Water Pollution

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Easy Steps to Control Water Pollution

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Control water pollution in your home by using non-toxic soaps, detergents and cleaning products. Refrain from the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides on your lawn and gardens. Always dispose off paints, motor oil, gasoline, antifreeze and other harmful chemicals in accordance with your local laws and safety regulations.

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Protect groundwater, which is essential for drinking water, irrigation systems and natural ecosystems. If you are using chemicals that may be harmful to the environment, store them correctly, or they can slowly seep into the groundwater system.

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Prevent polluted runoff and soil erosion. Plant bushes and trees along roads and natural water sources. The roots of trees and bushes can slow the speed of runoff and erosion, protecting surface water.

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Write letters to your state representative and congressman to express your concerns about water pollution. Ask them to promote more sustainable agricultural methods and mention that you feel it is time for Congress to create and enforce stricter mandatory laws regarding water pollution.

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What is Water Conservation?

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Water conservation refers to reducing the usage of water and recycling of waste water for different purposes such as cleaning, manufacturing, and agricultural irrigation.

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Easy Steps to Conserving Water

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When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water. Adjust sprinklers so only your lawn is watered and not the house, sidewalk, or street.

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Wash your fruits and vegetables in a pan of water instead of running water from the tap. Shorten your shower by a minute or two and you'll save up to 150 gallons per month.

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Collect water from your roof to water your garden. Turn off the water while brushing your teeth and save 25 gallons a month. When cleaning out fish tanks, give the nutrient-rich water to your plants.

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Actions taken to conserve water

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Ganga Action Plan

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Introduction River Ganga is also known as GANGES It if famous for various religious practices It is the longest river in India Provides water to 40% of India’s population

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On it’s banks, one will find the oldest continuously inhabited places like VARANASI and PATNA Ganga runs its course of over 2500 kms from Gangotri in the Himalayas to Ganga Sagar in the Bay of Bengal In modern times, it is known for it’s polluted nature Ganga Basin is the largest river basin of our country VARANASI PATNA Gangotri Glacier Polluted Ganga River

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Ganga River Map

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Ganga Action Plan

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Ganga Action Plan (GAP) GAP was launched by Rajiv Gandhi It was launched in April 1986 It had 2 phases – GAP Phase I and GAP Phase II He was the president of India - 14 Jan. 1986 The ultimate objective of the GAP was to have a river basin involving interactions between the biotic and abiotic eco system

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Objectives of GAP  Improve the water quality by Interception, Diversion and treatment of domestic sewage Rehabilitation of soft-shelled turtles Control of pollution from agricultural run off, cattle wallowing and throwing of unburnt and half burnt bodies into the river Treatment of toxic and industrial chemical wastes To conserve the biotic and abiotic environment along with the diversity of the river  Develop new technology of sewage treatment

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Sewage being dumped Soft-Shelled Turtles Cattle Wallowing Throwing of unburnt and half burnt bodies into the river

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Ganga Action Plan Phase 1

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v GAP Phase I was withdrawn on 31 March 2000 In 1988, the cost of the GAP Phase 1 was estimated at Rs.256  crore This cost was revised to Rs.462  crore  in August, 1994 The entire funding has been provided by the Central Government

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It was initially expected that programme would be completed in 6-7 years. However, it has been delayed considerably due to land acquisition problems, court litigation and lack of experience in implementing a program of this nature and magnitude

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Sanctioned Schemes: 261 Completed Schemes: 260 The remaining one scheme - 13 mld of Munger is yet to be completed

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Ganga Action Plan Phase 2

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It was approved in 1993 and included tributaries of the river Ganga - Yamuna, Gomti , Damodar and Mahananda As of 2011, it is currently under implementation The total project cost of GAP Phase-II is Rs. 1498.86 crore It is a project under the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) and with the assistance of World Bank Ganga Action Plan Phase 2

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The steering Committee of the national river conservation Authority reviewed the progress of the GAP; necessary correction was made on the basis of lessons learned and experiences gained from the GAP Phase 1

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Yamuna Action Plan

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The Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) is a bilateral project between the Government of India and Japan. It is one of the largest river restoration projects in India. The government of Japan, via the Japanese Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), has provided financial aid of 17.7 billion yen to carry out the project, which is being executed by the National River Conservation Directorate, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, and the Government of India.

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Originating from the Yamunotri glacier in the lower Himalayas, the Yamuna is one of the largest tributaries of the Ganges river network. The river travels a total of 1376 kilometers crossing several northern states in India including Uttrakhand, Haryana, and later Delhi, the capital of the country. In Hindu mythology, the Yamuna is considered the daughter of Sun God, Surya, and sister of Yama , the God of Death, hence also known as Yami . According to popular legends, bathing in its sacred waters frees one from the torments of death.

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There are three main sources of pollution in the river, namely households and municipal disposal sites, soil erosion resulting from deforestation occurring to make way for agriculture along with resulting chemical wash-off from fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides and run-off from commercial activity and industrial sites.

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Yap-1 The first phase of the Yamuna Action Plan was formulated on the basis of a study conducted by the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), and covered Delhi, eight towns of Uttar Pradesh, and six towns of Haryana. Launched in 1993, the project was originally planned to be completed by April 2000, but was later extended until February 2003. A public participation & awareness (PP&A) program was launched to generate awareness among the beneficiaries in the project area. YAP–I

YAP–II:

YAP–II The Yamuna Action Plan was unable to address the issue of the Yamuna cleanliness fully, particularly in the 22 km Delhi stretch. A few new towns in Uttar Pradesh were identified that were adding to the pollution in the river. This led to the development of YAP–II. Under the Yamuna Action Plan II, the most critical stretches of Yamuna have been taken in to consideration, especially the Delhi stretch, where the city dumps more than 58% of the total sewage it generates.

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