Category: Entertainment

Presentation Description

No description available.


Presentation Transcript

The Sensitivity of Dog Bite Reporting in Orleans Parish: Evaluating the Utility for Surveillance of the Current Reporting System: 

The Sensitivity of Dog Bite Reporting in Orleans Parish: Evaluating the Utility for Surveillance of the Current Reporting System Shelly Phillips, DVM, MPH Heather Benson Kutinac, MPH Injury Research and Prevention Section, Louisiana Office of Public Health, New Orleans, LA

Background I: 

Background I Dog bites are the 12th leading cause of non-fatal injury in the United States An estimated 4.7 million people are bitten annually Of those bitten, 800,000 (1.7%) seek medical care including 334,000 (7%) in Emergency Departments

Background II: 

Background II An effective surveillance system is necessary for describing the magnitude of the problem Surveillance allows for identification of groups at risk and tracking of trends in the population The ultimate purpose is to design and implement appropriate prevention strategies

Background III: 

Background III In the past ten months there have been two dog bite fatalities in the greater New Orleans area The Injury Research and Prevention Section has been conducting surveillance of dog bite injuries in Orleans Parish since January 1999 This analysis covers the period from January 1, 1999 to December 31, 1999


Methods Data on dog bites are collected from two sources: monthly dog bite reports collected by the LA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (LASPCA) dog bite injuries presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) of five local hospitals; data is abstracted from ED log books (these records only contain information on the victim)

Results: Demographics Comparison: 

Results: Demographics Comparison Mean Age of Victims LASPCA 25.6 years Hospitals 19.8 years ** mean ages are significantly different (p-value .008) Gender of Victims LASPCA 87 (60.0%) Male 58 (40.0%) Female Hospitals 175 (64.6%) Male 96 (35.4%) Female **not statistically different **Both of these analyses do not contain those persons included in both LASPCA and hospital records

Results: Wound Description: 

Results: Wound Description Severity of dog bite injury is not indicative of whether or not medical treatment was sought by the victim

Results: Sensitivity: 

Results: Sensitivity

Conclusion: Pros of Current System: 

Conclusion: Pros of Current System Data describing biting dogs is readily available Provides the ability to track repeat offenders Provides more thorough data describing victims of dog bite injuries, including where victims seek medical treatment.

Conclusions: Cons of Current System: 

Conclusions: Cons of Current System Only a small percentage of bites are reported to LASPCA Several variables are not collected, such as race of victim Several variables are not consistently collected by animal control officers, such as neuter status and age of the dog

Recommendations I: 

Recommendations I Education: It is believed that dog owners do not report to the LASPCA due to fears that dogs are automatically euthanized. Education may improve reporting in this group. Many victims may be unaware of the processes that are available to help them and education will increase knowledge.

Recommendations II: 

Recommendations II Education cont: Encourage medical and veterinary professionals to report dog bite cases to the LASPCA Continue hospital ED-based surveillance Re-evaluate surveillance system following implementation of educational program

authorStream Live Help