logging in or signing up Understanding Kiln Efficiency Carlotto Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINTLite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Copy Does not support media & animations WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 726 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: February 11, 2008 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Understanding Kiln Efficiency: Understanding Kiln Efficiency Dan O’Brien Harrop Industries, Inc. Columbus, OhioPurpose : Purpose Identify and quantify the specific areas effecting the energy consumption required to produce a productDefinition of Kiln Efficiency: Definition of Kiln Efficiency The theoretical energy required to dry/heat a product compared to the actual measured energy to dry/fire the productUnits of Measure: Units of Measure BTU per Pound of Fired Ware Pounds of Air per Pound of Fired WareGet the Facts: Get the Facts Focus on the Vital Signs: Focus on the Vital SignsVital Signs Contributing to Energy Consumption: Vital Signs Contributing to Energy Consumption Live Load/Dead Load Temperature Profile Pressure Profile Oxygen Profile Air Injected Air Infiltration Gas Injected Energy Exhausted Radiation LossesLive Load:Mass of Ware being Fired (Pounds per Hour): Live Load: Mass of Ware being Fired (Pounds per Hour) Live Load:Mass of Ware being Fired : Live Load: Mass of Ware being Fired Dead Load: Mass of Car Furniture/Car Top (Pounds per Hour) Temperature Profile: Temperature Profile Hand Held Pyrometer: Hand Held PyrometerOptical Pyrometer: Optical PyrometerTraveling Thermocouple: Traveling ThermocoupleTemperaturePressure: Temperature Pressure ld Manometer: ld ManometerTemperaturePressureOxygen: Temperature Pressure Oxygen Oxygen Analyzer w/ Ceramic Lance : Oxygen Analyzer w/ Ceramic Lance TemperaturePressureOxygenAir Flow: Temperature Pressure Oxygen Air Flow Velometer: VelometerPitot Tube: Pitot TubeTemperatures to Collect: Temperatures to Collect Traveling thermocouple data Temperatures to Collect: Temperatures to Collect Traveling thermocouple data Exhaust gas temperatures Temperatures to Collect: Temperatures to Collect Traveling thermocouple data Exhaust gas temperatures Ware exit temperature Temperatures to Collect: Temperatures to Collect Traveling thermocouple data Exhaust gas temperatures Ware exit temperature Under car temperatureTemperatures to Collect: Temperatures to Collect Traveling thermocouple data Exhaust gas temperatures Ware exit temperature Under car temperature Exterior Surface temperatures Pressure: Pressure Measure interior kiln pressure profile from entrance to exit of kilnOxygen Monitoring Sites Exhaust FanPreheat Section FirezoneEarly Cooling Waste Heatoxygen: Oxygen Monitoring Sites Exhaust Fan Preheat Section Firezone Early Cooling Waste Heat oxygenVital Signs: Vital Signs KilnFlowMeasure pounds or cubic feet of all gases injected into or exhausted from the kiln system: Flow Measure pounds or cubic feet of all gases injected into or exhausted from the kiln system Combustion Air Combustion Gas Cooling Air Air for Jets Dilution AirVital Signs: Vital Signs Dryer Kiln Kiln DryerThe System Leak Factor is Applied to Balance the System Mass Flow: The System Leak Factor is Applied to Balance the System Mass FlowSlide34: Thermal Balance Diagram How are the Results Used?: How are the Results Used? Benchmarking Against Other Kilns Monitoring the Process over Time Gauging the Effect of Recommended or Actual Process Changes or Kiln ModificationsDRYING AND FIRINGPROCESS: DRYING AND FIRING PROCESS KILN DRYER PREDRY EXHAUST EXHAUST EXHAUST SUPPLY SUPPLY RELIEF PORTS AIR AND GAS AIR SUPPLYDRYING AND FIRING PROCESSSYSTEM LOSSES: KILN DRYER PREDRY EXHAUST EXHAU EXHAU GAS INPUT DRYING AND FIRING PROCESS SYSTEM LOSSES EXHAUST EXHAUST SUPPLY RELIEF PORTS SUPPLY 100% 50% 20% 2% .5% 2% 20% 5% AIR SUPPLY RADIATION DUCTING .5%DRYING AND FIRING PROCESSHYPOTHETICAL DOLLAR LOSSES: KILN DRYER PREDRY EXHAUST EXHAU GAS INPUT DRYING AND FIRING PROCESS HYPOTHETICAL DOLLAR LOSSES EXHAUST EXHAUST SUPPLY RELIEF PORTS SUPPLY $1,500,000 / year $750,000 $300,000 $30,000 $7,500 $30,000 $300,000 $75,000 AIR SUPPLY RADIATION DUCTING $7,500Thank You: Thank You You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.