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art history: Impressionism - Post Impressionism


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Impressionist Art:

Impressionist Art

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Impressionism began in Paris in the 1860s. The artists attempted to capture a moment in time – some say it was a reaction to the invention of photography. At first it was an unpopular movement – traditional artists said the Impressionist painters could not paint, since they painted without lines or details. Gradually however, by the end of the 1880s Impressionism was accepted – nowadays we see Impressionist paintings everywhere.

How did they paint?:

How did they paint? Short, thick strokes of paint are used to quickly capture the subject, rather than its details. Colours are mixed as little as possible, creating a vibrant surface. In pure Impressionism the use of black paint is avoided. Wet paint is placed next to wet paint without waiting for successive applications to dry, producing softer edges and an intermingling of colour. The play of natural light is emphasized – painters often painted outdoors, to capture the light and the shadows.

Who were they? The most famous were: Camille Pissarro:

Who were they? The most famous were: Camille Pissarro

Alfred Sisley:

Alfred Sisley

Pierre-Auguste Renoir:

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Claude Monet:

Claude Monet

Berthe Morisot:

Berthe Morisot

Pointillism developed from Impressionism:

Pointillism developed from Impressionism Instead of using short brush strokes, the artists use dots of pure colour. This gave the painting a shimmering effect, as if it were a sunny day. Famous pointillist artists were Georges Seurat, Paul Signac and Henri Edmond Cross

Bathers at Asnieres by Georges Seurat:

Bathers at Asnieres by Georges Seurat

Henri-Edmond Cross:

Henri-Edmond Cross

Paul Signac:

Paul Signac

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