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EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР: 

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР EU - Russian relationship in DHS improvement Presentation by Sergei Kishchenko Senior Expert for Electricity EU-Russia Energy Dialogue Technology Centre, Moscow

Slide2: 

Energy Dialogue EU – Russia Introdaction of EU - Russia Technology Centre District Heating in RF Conclusion EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР

Overview: 

Mutual dependency of EU-Russia energy relations Energy Strategies to 2020 EU-Russia Energy Dialogue Background and objectives Progress to date EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР Overview A

Importance of EU-Russia energy relations: 

Russia energy sector contribution to GDP approx 25% energy sector provides approx 50% of federal budget revenues energy exports: 45% of Russia’s exports go to EU EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР Importance of EU-Russia energy relations A

Importance of EU-Russia energy relations: 

oil exports to the EU: 53% of oil exported gas exports to the EU: 36% of gas exported EU 21% of net oil imports from Russia (16% of EU total cons.) 41% of gas imports from Russia (19% of EU total cons.) EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР Importance of EU-Russia energy relations A

Energy Security: Indigenous energy production (Mtoe): 

Energy Security: Indigenous energy production (Mtoe) Europe (EU-25) Russia 67.5 % EU-25 external energy dependency by 2030! Sources: Russian Federation : Russia’s strategy until 2020, European Commission : trends to 2030 EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР A

Energy Security: Energy imports and exports (in mtoe): 

Energy Security: Energy imports and exports (in mtoe) EU Energy Imports Russian Energy Exports Sources: Russian federation : Russia’s strategy until 2020, European Commission : trends to 2030 A

Russia Energy Sector Investment requirements: 

Russia Energy Sector Investment requirements 2003-2020 Total requirements € 606 thousand million Sources : Russian Federation : Russia’s Energy strategy until 2020 and European Commission. A

The Energy Dialogue is born: 

Where : The EU-Russia Summit in Paris When : 30th October 2000 Objective : Extract from the Joint Declaration « The European Union and Russia have decided to institute, on a regular basis, an energy dialogue which will enable progress to be made in the definition of an EU-Russia energy partnership and arrangements for it. This will provide an opportunity to raise all the questions of common interest relating to the sector, including the introduction of cooperation on energy saving, rationalisation of production and transport infrastructures, European investment possibilities, and relations between producer and consumer countries. The planned ratification of the Energy Charter Treaty by Russia and the improvement of the investment climate will be important aspects in this context.» The Energy Dialogue is born A

Energy Dialogue Overview: 

Energy Dialogue Overview The EU-Russia Energy Dialogue Technology Centre Role, functioning and main activities Partners Projects B

Energy Dialogue Responsibilities : 

Energy Dialogue Responsibilities For Russia – Minister of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation – Victor Khristenko – Co-ordinator: Director of Department, Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation – Anatoly Yanovsky For the EU – Director-General of Energy and Transport of the European Commission - François Lamoureux                                     – Co-ordinator: Director - Christian Cleutinx Regular progress reports to the EU-Russia Summits (Presidents Putin and Prodi) B

EU-Russia Technology Centre Structure: 

EU-Russia Technology Centre Structure Сonsortium Partners: EIR Development (Coordinator), Greece VGB PowerTech, (European Association of Electricity Generating Companies), Germany IFP Training (French Institute of Petroluem), France Deutsche Montan Technologie GmbH (coal), Germany InterSolarCenter, Russia EREC (European Renewable Energies Council), Belgium Cooperation Partners include: EUROGAS, EUROGIF, IFP, LogIT, G&Fint, Hellenic Petroleum, and others. B

EU-Russia Technology Centre Projects: 

EU-Russia Technology Centre Projects Projects of common interest are defined by Russian and EU authorities enjoy high-level political support decrease perceived risk of project participation for private operators trigger public co-funding B

EU-Russia Technology Centre Projects: 

EU-Russia Technology Centre Projects The Technology Centre focuses on modern technologies in the following areas: Oil and gas Electricity (example: clean coal technologies) Coal (example: coal preparation, coal bed methane) Energy Efficiency (example: CO2 heat pumps) Renewable Energy Sources (example: small hydropower in North Ossetia, peat fired power plant) B

Attracting funds from banks, international financial organizations and industrial partners for implementing oil and gas projects in Russia (II): 

Attracting funds from banks, international financial organizations and industrial partners for implementing oil and gas projects in Russia (II) Project Funding in the Oil and Gas Sector Modernization of refineries to increase output of light oil products Strategic environmental evaluation of projects on oil production, pipeline transportation and construction of loading terminals Creation of transport infrastructure and regulated access to gas transportation network Strengthening regional cooperation in the context of energy carriers transportation B

DISTRICT HEATING IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION: C1. STATE OF THE ART Some indicators : (sources: A.Nekrasov, I.Leonov, I. Bashmakov, others) : 

DISTRICT HEATING IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION: C1. STATE OF THE ART Some indicators : (sources: A.Nekrasov, I.Leonov, I. Bashmakov, others) 43 % of all fossil fuel resources were used for heat production share of the large city with DH – 90 % EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C

Slide17: 

annually saving using DH 20 mill tonn equivalent fuel (7000 kcal/kg) number combined heat and power plants- 485 RAO EES Rossii CHPs- 242 centralized DHS generate more than 70 % of the total heat, decentralized sector – 27-28 % (boiler plants – 1/3, individual heat generators-2/3) EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C1

Slide18: 

Large boilers >190000 Individual heat generators and boilers >600000 Heat networks 183300 km EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C1

Slide19: 

as compared to 1990 the heat production was reduced by 20% heat production from CHP was reduced by 34 % (252 Mill. Gcal) heat production from boilers was increased by 52 Mill. Gcal) EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C1

Slide20: 

fuel efficiency of the Russian DHS is 71-72 % heat tariffs, average 14 $/Gcal (range 8-300 $/Gcal) heat sales – 30 bln $ EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C1

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР: 

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР: 

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР: 

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР: 

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР : 

HOUSING AND COMMUNAL SECTOR 155 billion roubles is bill receivable (share of the inhabitants nonpayment – 22%) 200 billion roubles is bill paybable (60% debts to energy and water producers) 65 % of communal enterprises are bankrupt The average level of payment – 82,5% EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C2

POLICY ISSUES  : 

POLICY ISSUES  State left the Russian DH transferred it to the municipal level not establishing the legislative & organizational mechanisms to provide the reliable DH The lack of a clear policy toward DH has led to problems of the sector  EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C3

Slide27: 

Policy at the present time: state is afraid to touch DH socialist principle “work worse-get more” is focused on “producer side” In transition economies countries policy is focused on the technology modernization + investment attraction EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C3

Slide28: 

Policy should be changed and should be focused on “consumer side” and quality but not forgotten with the balancing supply and demand rights The Russian law “District Heating” which is under consideration consumer side priority quality of DH and responsibility of DHC a new types of a contracting transparency EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C3

Slide29: 

Policy and regulatory framework should manage of incentives of the DH players First expierence of the private companies which have came to DH showed that private business would like to be a mini-state when it deals with monopoly sectors EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C3

Technical problems : 

Technical problems Heat sources high specific fuel consumption accumulated depreciation (more than 30-40%) shortage of both metering fuel consumption and heat generation lack of regular boiler tuning EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C4

Slide31: 

poor quality of water preparation system production of the electricity at CHP on the basis of condensate regime- 12-13 % of the total electricity production- sourse of the tariff rising boilers with capacity more than 100 Gcal/h: 1990 (n=921, Nav=204 Gcal/h) 2003 ( n=628, Nav=316 Gcal/h) EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C4

Slide32: 

Heat supply networks municipal heat network is ab. 70% of the total length actual losses in 70% of heat supply systems are in the range of 20-70% expensive maintaining of heat supply networks – about 50% of total DHS costs excessive centralization in 75% of DHSs EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C4

Slide33: 

low replacement rates: only 2% of pipes are replaced every year, while the replacement need is 5-8% critically low level of physical reliability of heat networks and high frequency of failures 1980---0.1 accidents/km/year 2003---3-5 accidents/km/year high leakage ratio lack or low quality of insulation. EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C4

Heat consumers: 

Heat consumers consumers don’t determine the quality and quantity of product they buy and to negotiate price substantial overbilling for heat, which was never delivered. Just for indoor heat released by appliances and residents households are billed extra 20% low heat meters and regulation devices (below 10%) EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C4

Slide35: 

low flat-level water consumption meters saturation rate (below 10%), and frequent inability to use those already installed. In Moscow alone over 400,000 water meters are installed, but residents are not billed based on meter readings lack of incentives to improve energy end-use efficiency, given lack of metering. EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C4

Financing: 

Financing INVESTMENT, TARIFFS HS and demand market have potential for energy efficiency improvement – 50 bill.$ for 10 years Presently only 500 mill.$ are invested in heat supply modernization EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C5

Slide37: 

low tariffs for fuel lead to low tariffs for heat which don’t cover the production cost “cost +” tariff system doesn’t stimulate to reduce costs the higher tariff – the lower efficiency, in other words the lower efficiency defines the higher tariff cross-subsidies – wrong signals for customer and investor EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C5

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР : 

there is no other way out – effective market should be established with state regulation which manages the stimulus of the players market consumer should appear which buy not abstract Gcal but concrete service (quality, comfort, etc.): heat consumer transmute to heat buyer rejection from “cost+” system to “upper +” one: tariff should be structured to provide efficiency, not higher costs before investment - planning and energy concept should come EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР WHAT TO DO C6

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР : 

but it’s necessary to reform all sectors (electricity, gas) to avolid market inbalances EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР WHAT TO DO C6

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР : 

Russian literary hero O. Bender: “West help us” How? Russian side could take from EU expierence in the field of : effective management energy planning it’s very important to estimate correctly heat load in future f e EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C7

EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР : 

successful policy regulatory framework using of the modern technologies please add … but international assistance cannot replace effective national hard daily routine for the long period of time EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР C7

Slide42: 

D. Conclusion Thank You! You can find us at: Moscow, Leninskiy Prospekt 19 Tel.: (095) 727 30 10 955-36-36 955-31-43 www.technologycentre.org Additional information on the EU-Russia Energy Dialogue is available at: http://europa.eu.int/comm/energy/russia/index_en.htm EU-Russia Energy Dialogue TECHNOLOGY CENTRE Энергетический диалог Россия-ЕС ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ЦЕНТР

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