Christopher Bell's Module 7 (Final Presentation)

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Family Values and Traditions from around the world.

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Family Traditions & Values by Christopher Bell

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If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner. -Nelson Mandela

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Jamaica

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Religio n Religion is key to Jamaican life, which may be seen within the references to Biblical events in everyday speech. The island has the highest number of churches per capita in the world and over one hundred different Christian denominations. Most Jamaicans are Christians; the biggest denominations are the Anglicans, Baptists, Methodists, Pentecostals, Brethren and Roman Catholics. Christmas is often recognized by numerous denominations with Communion services, candlelight ceremonies, concerts, all-night prayer conferences and the singing of Christmas carols.

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Child Rearing and Education . Firm discipline underlies child care until a baby leaves home and/or becomes a parent. The mother is the central unit, however all members of the family as well as close relatives share responsibility in rearing a child. it's believed that the behavior of the pregnant mother influences what the child can become. Kids are said to "take after" a parent or to be influenced by "the devil" or the spirits of ancestors. Children are given increasingly rigorous responsibilities from the age of 5 or 6 . For poor parents of all ethnic groups, the one most vital route out of poverty is the education of their children. In more ancient settings, the child is " pushed“ by the complete family and even the community.

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Marriage: There are two kinds of wedding patterns in Jamaica: the  legally recognized and socially most well-liked Western-style monogamous union and the ”consensual” union.  Spouses are picked by individual choice, but the approval of oldsters and shut relatives is usually wanted in traditional communities. Among the Indians and Chinese, monogamous unions are dominate. Historically, among African Jamaicans there has been a link between socioeconomic standing and type of wedding, with the ”consensual” union related to the agricultural and typically poor while the legal union related to economically stable, landholding peasants, and also the middle and higher classes. Household : The households generally consists of a grandmother, a mother, and also the mother's offspring from the present and former unions. The father may be a permanent a part of the unit, visitor for varied periods, or completely absent.

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United States of America

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According to an article by ABC News, the most common birthday in the United States is October fifth . Birthdays are celebrated more for the children than for the adults, unless it is a milestone birthday such as 21, 30, 40 or 50 . The majority of American children celebrate birthdays with a cake topped with lighted candles. Most families use the candles to represent how old a person is turning. When the cake is set before the birthday child, candles lit, he or she is supposed to make a wish (without telling anyone what it is) and after making a wish, they will then attempt to blow out the candles. If they all go out with one breath, it is believed that the wish will come true!

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Weddings in America are just as diverse as the couple who comes together to share their lives forever. Most weddings in the United States traditionally follow the white wedding type which originates from the white color of the bride's wedding dress, but refers to an entire wedding routine . Sometimes, a color scheme is selected (typically by wife and bridesmaids’) to match everything from bridesmaids' dresses, flowers, invitations, and decorations. American Traditional weddings take place in a church with family and friends in attendance to help celebrate the joyous occasion. Some couples may choose a wedding ceremony on a beach or in a garden. Others may decide to just go to the courthouse. It is customary to offer newlyweds gifts  their  new home together at the marriage reception. To prevent duplicate gifts and having to  accept  gifts that aren't likable, most couples "register" at department stores. Couples pick out things they might wish to receive as gifts, and their friends and family can opt  to purchase  one   those things. American Weddings

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The United States has a number of different holidays. We celebrate their independence from Britain on July 4. Labor Day, observed on the first Monday in September, celebrates country’s workforce. Thanksgiving, another distinctive American holiday, falls on the fourth Thursday in November and dates back to colonial times to celebrate the harvest. Memorial Day, celebrated on the last Monday in May, honors those who have died in military service . Presidents ’ Day, marking the birthdays of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, is a federal holiday that occurs on the third Monday in February. The contributions of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. are remembered on the third Monday in January. Each of these holidays are celebrated differently, but they the events themselves all helped shape the United States of America.

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China

Gender Roles:

Gender Roles Chinese society and family structures are illustrious for being patriarchal -- that's, based on the power of men over women. Men are historically thought of as the heads of their households, and ancestry is derived solely on male lines. As a result of sons being expected to support their oldsters for their whole lives, whereas daughters are to be married off to different families, Chinese parents have historically valued boys far more favorably than women. nowadays women in China get virtually the same amount of education as men do, however they're still deprived by lower operating wages, as well as the expectation that it's their duty -- and not the man's -- to try and do the work and service in their homes.

Marriage Traditions:

Marriage Traditions The arranged marriages fashioned in the past had been replaced by means of love-based marriage for many of the modern C hinese couples. Divorces and Living together before marriage have also become more common, something unheard of in the past. Nevertheless, some normal conceptions of marriage stayed the same. For example, a son is anticipated to remain in his parents family even after marriage, while a daughter is anticipated to join the household of her husband. In China, women are also customarily expected to marry guys of greater social popularity than theirs, usually an individual that’s older or more educated.

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Family has long been a key component inside Chinese society, and many points of Chinese existence can be tied to honoring one’s parents or ancestors. In fact, the majority of the “five relationships” described by Confucius were centered on the family. Because of this center of attention on the family, it was common for the Chinese to now not only stay in or around their birthplace, but experience generations of a family dwelling under the roof. Chinese who may have done business far from home, or were appointed to government posts far away, would normally have found time to return home on a regular basis. The concept of family in China was one of the few moral and ideological concepts to survive the decade-long chaos of the Cultural Revolution. While many Chinese elders complain that young adults born in the 1980’s or later possess no clear moral compass or strong standards of behavior, no one in China has forgotten the importance of family.

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IRAQ

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Hospitality Hospitality is an Arab and Muslim tradition deeply rooted within the culture. Guests are treated as kings and should always be fed and taken care of. A tradition among Islam actually stipulates someone is allowed to remain in your home for three days before you'll be able to question why they're staying and when they plan to leave. Invites to a home must be seen as a great honor and never turned down .

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Iraqis consider family and honor to be of utmost importance. The extended family or tribe can be used as both a political and social force. Families hold their members accountable for their conduct, since any wrongdoing brings shame to the entire family. Loyalty to the family comes before any other social relationships, even business. Nepotism isn't viewed negatively because it naturally makes more sense to supply jobs to family in their culture. It is common for larger extended families to live within the same house, compound, or village. In urban areas, families don't necessarily live in the same house, although they often live on the same street or in the area. Family & Honor

References:

References American Wedding - World Wedding Traditions. ( n.d. ). Retrieved May 2, 2016, from http:// www.world- wedding-traditions.net/home/ american -wedding Chinese Customs, Superstitions and Traditions. (2004, November 29). Retrieved April 29, 2016, from http:// kw2.mofcom.gov.cn/article/aboutchina/custom/200411/20041100006506.shtml Iraqi Tradition and Culture. ( n.d. ). Retrieved May 05, 2016, from https:// refugee.wikispaces.com/Iraq- Tradition and Culture Jamaica . ( n.d. ). Retrieved May 05, 2016, from http:// www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/Jamaica.html Main , K. ( n.d. ). Chinese Family Values. Retrieved April 24, 2016, from http :// family.lovetoknow.com/chinese-family-values Soard , L. (2014, June 18). Birthday Traditions Around the World. Retrieved May 05, 2016, from http :// family.lovetoknow.com/cultural-heritage-symbols/birthday-traditions-around-world

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