logging in or signing up IB Business and Management 1.2 Types of Organisations BusinessManagement Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1221 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: July 02, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description IB Business and Management Organisation and Environment 1.2 Types of Organisations Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: IB Business and Management .com IB Business and Management T he IB Diploma Business and Management course delivered IN STYLE , ONLINE . ©PowerPoint Presentation: z Types of organization 1.2PowerPoint Presentation: z Private sector & public sector Owned & controlled by private individuals & organizations (large & small) The main aim of most (but not all) is to make a profit & to maximize that profit Under the ownership & control of the government Reasons for Public sector organizations: Everyone has access to necessary services Avoid wasteful competition (economies of scale) Protect citizens & businesses through institutions Reduce unemploymentPowerPoint Presentation: z Privatization & partial privatization Public private nationalization private public Benefits of privatization: Efficiency gains Lower costs of production Increased choice Incentive to innovate Less financial burden Source of govt. revenuePowerPoint Presentation: z Nationalization Making private assets public assetsPowerPoint Presentation: z Privatization Selling public assetsPowerPoint Presentation: Factors to consider? z Starting a businessPowerPoint Presentation: z Reasons for Starting a businessPowerPoint Presentation: z Gap in the market Identifying Market opportunities Innovative ideas & creations Niche markets Small & new businesses Patents copyrights Unique selling points Developing entrepreneur’s personal skills & abilitiesPowerPoint Presentation: z Problems faced by start-ups Question: 1.2.1, p. 26PowerPoint Presentation: z Profit - based organizationsPowerPoint Presentation: 4 legal structures zPowerPoint Presentation: Sole trader Sole proprietor z An individual who is the owner of his or her own business Unincorporated The owner is legally the same as the business Question: 1.2.2, p. 28PowerPoint Presentation: partnership z A private sector business owned by 2-20 people (the partners) Investors (owners) in the partnership do not have to take an active role. These are silent or sleeping partners unincorporated “joint & several liability” Question: 1.2.3, p. 30PowerPoint Presentation: Companies corporations z A business owned by its shareholders. that has been issued a certificate of incorporation, giving it a separate legal identity to its Limited liabilityPowerPoint Presentation: private limited z Cannot raise share capital from the general public Able to advertise & sell its shares to the general public via the stock exchange Public limited dividends Capital growth Voting power Question: 1.2.4, p. 34PowerPoint Presentation: z Public limitedPowerPoint Presentation: z Economies of scalePowerPoint Presentation: z private limited Cannot raise share capital from the general public Able to advertise & sell its shares to the general public via the stock exchange Public limited dividends Capital growth Voting power Question: 1.2.4, p. 34PowerPoint Presentation: z Non-Profit organizationsPowerPoint Presentation: Non-profit organizations z An organization run in a professional & business-like manner without profit being the major objective Provides services (e.g. schools) or promotes special causes (e.g. the gates foundation) Surplus not profitPowerPoint Presentation: Ngo s – non-governmental organizations & charities z Any private sector organization that does not primarily aim to make a profit. Instead they operate for the benefit of others in societyPowerPoint Presentation: Public-private enterprises Public-private partnerships z HLPowerPoint Presentation: Public-private enterprises Public-private partnerships z Government has different options for providing essential services: HL Supply the services themselves (e.g. fire service) Allow private firms to tender (bid) to provide these services (e.g. refuse collection) Form a public-private partnership ( e,g . prisons) A ppe or ppp is when governments create partnerships with the private sector in the provision of a service Benefit from the dynamics & efficiency of the private sector alongside the benefits of public sector funding & support Question: 1.2.5, p. 38 You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.