Crime Prevention Merit Badge

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Merit Badge Instructor to use teach - download and make any changes to fit your class - presentation is a teaching tool. Leave a commit. - Full Permission - If you can not download, email me bsagptx@yahoo.com and i'll send it to you.

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Crime Prevention

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1. Discuss the role and value of laws in society with regard to crime and crime prevention. Include in your discussion the definitions of "crime" and "crime prevention."

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Generally, in the criminal justice system, when a crime is committed the perpetrator is discovered, brought to trial in a court, and if convicted, receives punishment as prescribed by the penal system. Penologists, however, have differing views on the role of punishment. Punishment is as much to protect society as it is to penalize and reform the criminal. Additionally, it is intended as a deterrent to future crimes, by the same perpetrator or by others. However, the efficacy of this is not universally accepted, particularly in the case of capital punishment. A desired punishment is one that is equal to the crime committed. Any more is too severe, any less is too lenient. This serves as justice in equilibrium with the act of crime. Punishment gives the criminal the tools to understand the way they wronged the society around them, granting them the ability to one day possibly come to terms with their crime and rejoin society, if their punishment grants the privilege. Punishmment as deterrence can take two forms: Specific: The intention underlying the penal system is to deter future wrongdoing by the defendant, if convicted. The punishment demonstrates the unfortunate consequences that follow any act that breaks the law. General: The punishment imposed on the particular accused is also a warning to other potential wrongdoers. Thus the function of the trial is to gain the maximum publicity for the crime and its punishment, so that others will be deterred from following in the particular accused's footsteps.

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A crime is generally a deliberate act that results in harm, physical or otherwise, toward one or more people, in a manner prohibited by law. The determination of which acts are to be considered criminal has varied historically, and continues to do so among cultures and nations. When a crime is committed, a process of discovery, trial by judge or jury, conviction, and punishment occurs. Crime prevention is any initiative or policy which reduces or eliminates the aggregate level of victimization or the risk of individual criminal participation. It includes government and community based programs to reduce the incidents of risk factors correlated with criminal participation and the rate of victimization, as well as efforts to change perceptions.

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Types of Crime Antisocial behavior is criminalized and treated as offenses against society, which justifies punishment by the government. A series of distinctions are made depending on the passive subject of the crime (the victim), or on the offended interest(s), in crimes against: Personality of the state. For instance, a person may not agree with the laws in their society, so he or she may commit a crime to show their disapproval. For instance, there have been crimes committed by those disapproving of abortion, involving attacks on abortion clinics. Rights of the citizen. Administration of justice. This type of crime includes abuse of the judicial system and non-compliance with the courts and law enforcement agencies. Religious sentiment and faith. For instance, church burnings, graffiti on synagogues, and religiously motivated attacks on the Muslim community post-September 11, 2001 in the United States reflect crimes against religion. Public order. Riots and unwarranted demonstrations represent crimes against public order, as they break down established order and create hysteria, panic, or chaos. Public economy, industry, and commerce. Any illegal buying and selling of goods and services classifies as this type of crime, for example, bootlegging, smuggling, and the black market. Person and honor. In certain societies, there exists the "culture of honor," in which people may act to defend their honor if they feel it is insulted or violated.

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2. Prepare a notebook of newspaper and other clippings that addresses crime and crime prevention efforts in your community.

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Neighborhood Associations and Crime Watch Groups work closely with the police department to help combat crime.  Communication and Cooperation form our foundation.  The community provides the police invaluable information regarding activity in neighborhoods, allowing officers to focus their efforts on problem areas, with the goal of preventing crime.  The department offers officers to attend meetings to share current crime trends, issues, and success stories in the fight against crime.  Together, we provide a united front against crime, and form relationships that foster growth and development. The Community Outreach section of the Central Patrol Neighborhood Policing Office is your contact regarding issues in the community, both residential and business, and  may be reached at 214-670-0659.

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3. Discuss the following with your counselor: a. The role of citizens, including youth, in crime prevention b. Gangs and their impact on the community c. When and how to report a crime

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3. a Crime is a costly and demoralizing problem affecting all of us. The victims of crime suffer injury, financial loss, and intimidation. Everyone is affected by higher prices for products, taxes, insurance premiums, and the sense of insecurity and fear that result from criminal acts. Those who live or work in "high crime" areas can be deprived of some of life's normal opportunities and pleasures by the social and economic impact of crime and by the alienation and despair that accompanies the fear of crime. The role of citizens, including youth, in crime prevention

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3. b Gang Effects and Impact There is a high rate of danger in our communities because of gangs. The FBI has estimated that at least 30,000 gangs with 800,000 members having an impact on 2,500 communities all over the United States. Fortunatley , there is an existing partnership between the law enforcement, schools, parents, community and faith-based groups and the youth to stop gang crime around th world. Gangs are expanding worldwide, and as they expand they bring their forms of violence into the communities. Immigrants are frequently pulled into the gang life because language barriers, difficulty in employment, lack of support and protection, and fear leave them susceptible to the recruitment techniques used by gangs. Among those affected, youth suffer the most, with the brunt of gang activity squarely aimed at them. Gang Impact on Schools Direct correlation with bullying, intimidation, and sexual harassment Greater Fear Creates Copy-cat Gangs Creates a sense that gangs are normal Market for narcotics sales Creates racial tensions

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By visiting police headquarters At the police station you will be asked to provide details of the crime and make a statement about the facts of the case. You’ll receive an incident number that you can quote to find out about the progress of your case and to use if you’re making any kind of insurance claim. Call 9-1-1 to: Report a situation which requires a police officer at the scene (e.g. assaults, kidnapping, burglaries, domestic disputes, terroristic threats, violation of protection orders, biased crimes, parental kidnapping, motor vehicle theft, theft from person, auto accidents with injuries, etc.). Summon an ambulance for medical assistance. Report a fire. Report a crime in progress. Report suspicious, criminal activity in progress (e.g. alarms, shots fired, shouts for help, sounds of glass breaking, unfamiliar person carrying items from a house). 3. C

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4. After doing EACH of the following, discuss with your counselor what you have learned. a. Inspect your neighborhood for opportunities that may lead to crime. Learn how to do a crime prevention survey. b. Using the checklist in this (the merit badge) pamphlet, conduct a security survey of your home and discuss the results with your family.

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4. a What will be surveyed: • Lighting • Landscaping • Windows and Doors • Communication Systems • Indoor and Outdoor Facilities and Activities • Access and Control • Security Systems • Walls and Fences • Signs • Safe Paths and Common Areas • Boundaries • Public Spaces

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4. b Crime Prevention Merit Badge Sample Home Security Checklist Here are some things to consider with your parent or guardian and counselor. See your Crime Preventions Merit Badge Pamphlet for explanations about each item on the checklist.  1. Do you keep a list of all valuable property? Is at least one copy kept outside your home?  2. Do you have a list of the serial numbers of your valuable property (watches, cameras, computers, TVs, etc.)?  3. Do you have descriptions/photographs of valuable property from each room in your home (and closets)?  4. Do you keep excess cash and other valuables in a bank? Consider renting a safe deposit box for important papers.  5. Do you plan so that you don't need to "hide" a house key under the doormat or in a similar location?  6. Do your family members know what to do if they discover a burglar in your home? Don’t go in! Dial 911!  7. Do family members know to leave everything undisturbed and call the sheriff or police if they discover a burglary?  8. Are trees and shrubs trimmed to eliminate hiding places?  9. Do you have a security closet with a solid-core door, non-removable hinges, and a deadbolt lock? For items of value.  10. Do you have emergency telephone numbers listed on your phone? In most areas of the country it is 911.  11. Is the outside of your home well lit? Do you have working porch lights? Is you yard well illuminated?  12. Is your house number easily visible from the street at any hour? Police need to see your number in an emergency.  13. Are ladders locked up and trellises and drainpipes eliminated that can be used as ladders to reach upper floor?  14. Are your exterior doors of solid-core construction? Hollow core wood doors offer little protection from break in.  15. Do your entry doors have wide-angle viewers? Needed so you can see out before opening the door.  16. Are your door's locks secure from being opened if a burglar breaks out a pane of glass or a panel of lightweight wood?  17. Do exterior doors have cylinder-type deadbolt locks with at least a one-inch throw and a beveled cylinder guard?  18. Do doors without cylinder locks have a heavy deadbolt or similar security that can be operated only from the inside?  19. Can all of your doors (basement, porch, sliding, French, balcony) be securely locked?  20. Do your basement doors have locks that allow you to isolate that part of your home? 1 of 2

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4. b  21. Are all of your locks in good repair?  22. Are the door strike-plates installed with three-inch screws? Three-inch screws will reach the stud inside the wall.  23. Do you know everyone who has a key to your home? Did you change the locks when you moved in?  24. Do all out-swinging doors in your home have non-removable pins?  25. Do sliding doors have a lock that locks both the door panels together or locks the active side to the frame?  26. Is the garage door secured with a padlock, hasp, or other good lock? Even doors with electric openers need locks.  27. Do you lock you garage door at night?  28. Do you make sure your garage door is locked when you're away from home?  29. Do you lock your car and take out the keys even when it is parked in your garage?  30. Are all windows in your home equipped with key locks, or pinned?  31. Are your window locks properly and securely mounted?  32. Do you keep your windows locked when they are shut?  33. Do you use locks that let you lock a window that is partly open?  34. Have you replaced or secured louvered windows?  35. In high-crime areas, do you use window bars or ornamental grilles? Make sure bars or grilles don't block fire escape.  36. Do you have secure locks on garage windows?  37. Do you cover garage windows with curtains or shades?  38. Are you as careful to secure basement and second-story windows as you are to secure windows on the first floor?  39. Do you use good telephone security procedures? Never give personal information (name, age, address, etc.) to a stranger on the telephone. Never let a stranger know that you are home alone. Never let a stranger on the telephone know when you will or will not be home.  40. When planning a trip, do you secure your telephone? Consider call forwarding or at least check messages daily.  41. When you go on a trip, do you arrange for friends or neighbors to pick up newspapers, mail, packages, etc.?  42. Do you arrange to make your home look lived-in while you are away? Ask friends to pick up newspapers, mail, etc. daily. Consider light timers. Ask neighbors to park in your driveway and to put out your trash cans on garbage day.  43. Do you notify a neighbor that you'll be gone? Leave a key with a friend. Ask that your home be checked every so often.  44. Do you notify you police or sheriff that you'll be gone?  45. Do you store all your valuables in a secure place while you're gone, such as a safe deposit box in a bank? Crime Prevention Merit Badge Sample Home Security Checklist 2 of 2

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5. Teach your family or patrol members how to protect themselves from crime at home. at school, in your community, and while traveling.

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If you have car trouble, raise the hood, lock yourself in you vehicle, and wait for law enforcement.  If you have a cellular phone, call the authorities or someone to assist you.  If someone should offer to help, do not roll down the window. Exterior lights illuminate all entrances to your home. Exterior doors are kept closed and locked at all times. Preventing crime from happening requires an active mind and body. It means paying attention to your instincts, to other people, and to your surroundings.

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6. Help raise awareness about one school safety issue facing students by doing ONE of the following: Create a poster for display on a school bulletin board. b. With permission from school officials, create a page long public service announcement that could be read over the public address system at school or posted on the school's Web site. c. Make a presentation to a group such as a Cub Scout den that addresses the issue.

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6. a Prevent and manage school violence Reduce safety risks and liability Improve school-community relations on school safety issues Help school officials and community partners develop sound gang prevention, intervention, and enforcement strategies Help school transportation managers and school bus drivers prevent and manage violence and emergencies on school buses Assessing and managing student threats School lockdown, evacuation, and shelter-in-place issues Create a poster for display on a school bulletin board

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6. b Public service announcements Bicycle Safety Railroad Crossings Underage Drinking and Driving Buckle Up Walking Home

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6. c Make a presentation to a group such as a Cub Scout den that addresses the issue

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7. Do ONE of the following: a. Assist in the planning and organization of a crime prevention program in your community such as Neighborhood Watch, Community Watch, or Crime Stoppers. Explain how this program can benefit your neighborhood. b. With your parent's and counselor's approval, visit a jail or detention facility or a criminal court hearing. Discuss your experience with your counselor.

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7. a Assist in the planning and organization of a crime prevention program in your community such as Neighborhood Watch, Community Watch, or Crime Stoppers. Explain how this program can benefit your neighborhood. 1 of 2

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National Night Out is a campaign designed to heighten crime and drug prevention awareness, generate support for and participation in local anti-crime efforts, strengthen neighborhood spirit and police community partnerships, and send a message to criminals letting them know that neighborhoods are organized and fighting back. 7. a 2 of 2

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7. b With your parent's and counselor's approval, visit a jail or detention facility or a criminal court hearing. Discuss your experience with your counselor. Dallas County Court House Dallas County Jail Dallas Police Station

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8. Discuss the following with your counselor: a. How drug abuse awareness programs, such as "Drugs: A Deadly Game," help prevent crime b. Why alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana are sometimes called "gateway drugs" and how "gateway drugs" can lead to the use of other drugs c. Three resources in your city where a person with a drug problem or drug-related problem can go for help d. How the illegal sale and use of drugs lead to other crimes e. How to recognize child abuse f. The three R's of Youth Protection

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8. a Drug abuse is our country's number one concern—above crime and AIDS. Every day, more than 3,000 teenagers start smoking. One in 10 Americans has used cocaine at least once. An American is killed in an alcohol-related accident every 22 minutes. One police officer fighting drugs is killed every 57 hours. Drinking and driving is the number one killer of teenagers. The "Drugs: A Deadly Game" campaign is a multimedia, multifaceted drug education experience designed to stimulate discussion in small-group or classroom settings. It is designed as a market basket of easily digestible facts that will get children talking—and learning—about the dangers of drug use and abuse.

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8. b The gateway drug theory (also called gateway theory , gateway hypothesis and gateway effect ) is the hypothesis that the habitual use of less deleterious drugs may lead to a future risk of using more dangerous hard drugs and crime. The gateway drug theory is often attributed to the use of these 3 drugs Tobacco Alcohol Cannabis While some research shows that many hard drug users used cannabis or alcohol before moving on to the harder substances, other research shows that some serious drug abusers have used other drugs before using cannabis or alcohol. The former is particularly evident in individual drug-abuse histories which tend to show that "hard drug" users do progress from one drug to another.

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8. c Husbands Marjorie A. MA LPC 1701 N. Greenville, Ste 500 Richardson, TX 75081 (972) 234-8636 Three resources in your city where a person with a drug problem or drug-related problem can go for help A Safe Place to Heal 1500 S Central Expy Mckinney , TX 75070 (972) 569-8255 (972) 234-8636 Richardson, TX 75081 1701 N. Greenville, Ste 500 A Turning Point

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8. d How the illegal sale and use of drugs lead to other crimes Someone who needs money quickly to support a drug habit will resort to illegal means to get it. If they know someone has drugs or money in their home, they may try to break in or rob someone in the home in order to get it. Drugs can also lead to less violent crime such as shoplifting, thefts from vehicles or burglaries. Approximately 80 percent of America’s prisoners, about 1.8 million people, were either high when they committed their crimes, committed them to get money for drugs, have a history of drug abuse or a mix of the above.

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8. e How to recognize child abuse There are several types of Child Abuse; Physical; act of egression that causes physical harm with intent to cause injury. Neglect; failing to provide for a child basic needs to the extent of physical and or physiological well being, endangering a child safety. Sexual; child is abused for the sexual gratification of an adult or older adolescent. Emotional; verbal abuse, name calling, belittling or shaming a child. Extreme punishment; form of discipline, isolating and terrorizing a child, locking in a closet, or placed in a dark room. Corruption; causing a child to witness or participate in inappropriate behavior. Withholding affection; ignoring, lack of affection and warmth. Child abuse not only affects abused children, but also our society. The child could be a neighbor, relative, or one of our children friends. The more we are aware of the types of abuse and the signs the more we are equipped to save a child from harm. 1 of 2

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8. e How to recognize child abuse Signs of physical abuse, cuts, bruises, welts, or well defined burns, child is reluctant to go home and child vaguely talks about cause of how they were hurt. Signs of sexual abuse, there are no physical signs. The child will show seductive behavior, reluctant or refuse to undress in front of others, fear of a particular person or family member and may show inappropriate interest in or knowledge of sexual acts. Emotional abuse includes, Verbal, Corruption, Withholding affection and Extreme Punishments.Signs of emotional abuse may include depression, hostility, reluctant to go to school and may fake physical complaints. Signs of neglect include, clothes dirty, ill fitting, ragged and not suitable for weather, unwashed, offensive body odor, stealing food,hunger,asking for food and going through trash. Additional signs are lack of supervision, wandering alone, left in car, frequent absences from school, disruptive behavior. 2 of 2

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8. f The "three R's" of Youth Protection convey a simple message that the BSA wants its youth members to learn: Recognize situations that place him at risk of being molested, how child molesters operate, and that anyone could be a molester. Resist unwanted and inappropriate attention. Resistance will stop most attempts at molestation. Report attempted or actual molestation to a parent or other trusted adult. This prevents further abuse of himself and helps to protect other children. Let the Scout know he will not be blamed for what occurred.

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9. Discuss the following with your counselor: a. The role of a sheriff's or police department in crime prevention. b. The purpose and operation of agencies in your community that help law enforcement personnel prevent crime, and how those agencies function during emergency situations. c. Explain the role private security plays in crime prevention. d. Choose a career in the crime prevention or security industry that interests you. Describe the level of education required and responsibilities of a person in that position. Tell why this position interests you.

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9. a The Police Department’s Crime Prevention Unit and the Interactive Community Police Officers (ICP) have many new techniques to address and reduce the crime risk within your neighborhood. It is important that as citizens, we work with our local law enforcement to assist in the reduction of criminal activity as well as with other local agencies that can provide assistance in arenas outside the jurisdiction of the police department. The role of a sheriff's or police department in crime prevention

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9. b The purpose of Neighborhood Watch is to make you aware of the steps you can take to make your home more secure against crime, to show you how you and your neighbors can help each other protect your entire neighborhood, and to make law enforcement agencies more effective in the fight against crime through your involvement and participation. The Law Enforcement Explorer Training program is administered by the Learning for Life organization (a subsidiary of the Boy Scouts of America) to educate youth about the objectives of law enforcement agencies, to provide an opportunity for youth to engage in competition, for recreation and to help them be prepared to become better citizens through character development, physical fitness, good citizenship and patriotism. The purpose and operation of agencies in your community that help law enforcement personnel prevent crime, and how those agencies function during emergency situations.

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9. c Explain the role private security plays in crime prevention Terrorism awareness and crime prevention have become major issues in our society. Security guards play a crucial role in safety and security. A great burden is placed on public forces to respond to crisis situations. As a result, the consumer is turning to the private security industry to help protect neighborhoods and businesses. The Department of Consumer Affairs (DCA), Bureau of Security and Investigative Services (BSIS), has jurisdiction over the private security industry. A SECURITY GUARD’S ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES • A security guard’s role is to PROTECT people and the property of his/her employer or contracted clients. • A security guard’s responsibility BEFORE an incident/offense has occurred is PREVENTION. • A security guard’s responsibility during or after an incident/offense is to OBSERVE and REPORT.

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9. d Choose a career in the crime prevention or security industry that interests you. Describe the level of education required and responsibilities of a person in that position. Tell why this position interests you. Private Investigator Body Guard Crime Scene Investigator Police Gang Unit Police Narcotics Unit Parole Officer

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Securing the approval of a unit leader for a crime prevention project, either an original project or a project of a neighborhood- or community-based organization Participating with your unit, den, patrol, friends, family, neighborhood, or community in the crime prevention project Having a parent and/or unit leader sign the application form afterward.

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