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Getting There the Easy Way: 

Getting There the Easy Way Venturer Aerospace: Manned Spaceflight to Earth Orbit and Beyond George William Herbert Venturer Aerospace

First the Business Stuff: 

First the Business Stuff No Bucks, No Buck Rogers

LEO Demand: 

LEO Demand Nearterm opportunities: America’s Space Prize ($50M) 2-12 space tourists per year 0-12 ISS crew per year 12-24 ISS CRV months on station / year Speculative Many space tourists per year Bigelow hotel guest/crew transfer + log ISS post-Shuttle

Not a nearterm market: 

Not a nearterm market CEV Development Too much money Too much bureaucracy Too much paperwork We could not do a reasonable commercial project and simultaneously bid on current CEV contract. We believe we have a far higher chance of reaching successful flight operations as a purely commercial project.

Market Proposition: 

Market Proposition ELV launched capsules Reusable capsules 5 passenger seats + crew Rough PRICE $15-20m per flight + launch $ End user PRICE ~ $6-7m per seat launched on Falcon V Low cost of entry (<=$50m startup) Operations commence <= 36 mo after funded kickoff We expect to beat CEV “risk reduction demonstrators”

Business Plan: Step 1: 

Business Plan: Step 1 “Manned Spaceflight to Earth Orbit…” Nearterm market supports 3+ flights/year 3 flights/year supports ROI for initial investment Americas Space Prize covers launch costs for qualification campaign Presales deposits on flight seats help with startup costs Own most of the market by being first, most robust, lowest cost of entry, profitable

Business Plan: Step 2: 

Business Plan: Step 2 Next: Gentle tech dev to ratchet costs down Bigelow Hotel customers Other Space Tourism CEV (LEO); CEV (Lunar); ISS COTSS: Comercial Off The Shelf Spacecraft Profitable in medium to high volume business w/same vehicles Very profitable with evolved vehicle concepts: Keep most of the market by evolving low cost vehicles faster than revolutionary designs can acquire capital

Business Plan: Step 3: 

Business Plan: Step 3 “…and Beyond” We expect to be the commercial manned near earth market leader. We expect the market for commercial manned operations beyond LEO to evolve naturally. We intend to be a dominant presence in commercial manned operations throughout the solar system.

Future Gov’t Business: 

Future Gov’t Business NASA budgeting many tens of billions of dollars for CEV, Moon/Mars We have reason to believe they are open to non-NASA developed commercial alternatives for CEV capability at various decision points in the future We believe our products and services will cost significantly less than predicted government procured CEV programs and will be extremely attractive options for Moon/Mars. Providing this capability off the shelf is worth ten plus billion dollars of potential business.

Risk reduction: 

Risk reduction Americas Space Prize amount covers launch costs for qualification flights ELVs are buy not build Capsules have been done a lot (but we will do better and cheaper)

Competition?: 

Competition? Technical and schedule plans beat potential RLV competitors to market There isn’t even any announced orbital RLV competition, though a lot of suborbital companies are thinking in that direction There is no other announced commercial capsule project Our NASA-funded competition is too big and rich to be agile or efficient and compete in this market. “What Competition?”

Technical Risk Reduction: 

Technical Risk Reduction Avoid complicated new technologies Spend weight on simplicity rather than dollars on weight 2 initial vehicle concepts, downselect after testing 2 or more subsystem options in early development

Low Risk is Innovation: 

Low Risk is Innovation Aerospace standard is: Lighter More expensive More complex More development Low risk and simplicity and spending weight are simply a better approach As I said last year at SA 04: “Think outside the box. The box isn’t our friend.”

Regulatory Issues: 

Regulatory Issues Our capsule concepts are reusable, manned, orbital and reentry vehicles. But not launch vehicles of any sort. We appear to fall into a gap in existing FAA AST regulation. Apparently, nobody’s proposed licensing a manned capsule before. Have had some discussions with AST. Proceeding on mutual assumption we will treat vehicles as payloads with payload flight and reentry licensing, also applying applicable manned RLV rules for crewed flight. Preliminary discussions only to date. No timetable yet for filing license application.

Business Situation Now: 

Business Situation Now Working on corporate paperwork Assembling team and subcontractors Looking for early round investors Roadshow starting development Qualified investors who are interested can contact me at any time Particularly seeking sales, marketing, and investor relations staff able to work for equity for the time being

Technical Goodies: 

Technical Goodies Techies, thank you for indulging the Pitch

Design Constraints: 

Design Constraints Falcon V ELV: 5 tons plus some margin to ISS Orbit 4 - 4.5 tons would be nice, so we can launch on some alternate launchers Practically transportable (to launch site, from landing site); feasibly recoverable (from emergency landing sites) C-130 compatible big plus 747/767/A3xx cargo compatible a big plus Truck and train compatible a big plus If all else fails, An-124

Concept Designs A and S: 

Concept Designs A and S Concept S Sphere-Cone capsule 9 ft base diameter (C-130 compatible) Concept A Blunt capsule (Apollo similar) 11 ft base diameter (747/767/A300 compatible) Both designs Weight target 4500 kg with threshold mass 5500 kg. 6 seats (1+5 pax)

Concept Design S: 

Concept Design S Sphere-Cone Relatively blunt (nose diam 0.6 base diam) to keep center of pressure far enough aft Parachute landing on land with 1m crush structure for impact attenuation ~ 10G shock Water landing in emergency May flatten bottom slightly for transport, hypersonic angle of attack optimization Outer cone is detachable shell with TPS and crush structure; inner capsule contains all reusable components

Concept Design A: 

Concept Design A Blunt capsule shape Traditional shape Two major variants: Land landing with active attenuation (rockets, reefing chute) (AL) Additional moving parts Water landing capable in emergency Water landing with no additional attenuation (AW) Additional operational and maintenance issues

Preferences: 

Preferences Currently leaning towards Concept S But will not downselect until further along in analysis and design process. We do not yet firmly know the relative weights of development and operational tradeoffs.

Development Path: 

Development Path First phase: 6-9 mo About 50/50 weight of analysis and testbed experimental work Test out descent and landing phase for all concepts (S, AW, AL) with subscale demonstrators. Build vs buy trades for subsystems and components Develop more detailed operational plans End with Mission Definition Review (MDR)

Development (cont).: 

Development (cont). Second phase: 6-9 mo Prepare for subscale orbital test flight Breadboard major subsystems Develop preliminary flight vehicle designs Operational crew hire, basic training End with Preliminary Design Review (PDR) and Vehicle Concept Downselect

Development (cont.): 

Development (cont.) Third phase: 6-9 mo Fly subscale orbital prototype test Build and test non-flight full scale prototypes Integrated systems testbeds Final flight vehicle design Flight operations and profile design Operational crew systems training FAA AST Payload License application End with Critical Design Review (CDR)

Development (cont.): 

Development (cont.) Fourth Phase: 6-9 mo Build flight vehicle and flight spare Integrate subsystems and components Test and debug Operational prep for first flights End with Flights 1 and 2, Americas Space Prize flights

Now Hiring: 

Now Hiring Caveat: we can’t pay more salaries yet. Let us know if you can work for equity (and for how long). Additional salaried hiring will follow first major round of investment. Tech positions: Structures Aerothermal / Aerodynamics Trajectories Systems Operations Etc. Etc. Experience across multiple fields and comfort with hands-on work are required. You will be building actual flight hardware, not just driving Powerpoint. Business positions: Marketing Sales Investor Relations Regulatory Affairs (ITAR, FAA AST licensing) Flight Crew Business Administration Main office will be in San Francisco Bay Area (Hayward Airport location planned but not acquired yet)

Contact Info: 

Contact Info Venturer Aerospace www.venturerspace.com info@venturerspace.com gherbert@venturerspace.com or gherbert@retro.com 24652 Santa Clara St, Hayward CA 94544 (temporary address) (510) 786-3687

Questions?: 

Questions?

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