mla style

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Using MLA Style : 

Using MLA Style

What is MLA style? : 

What is MLA style? A “style” refers to the way you cite sources and format a formal piece of writing such as an essay There are many styles, including MLA, APA, Chicago, CBE and others Professors in many English and humanities courses require students to use MLA style from the Modern Language Association When you write in courses other than English or in an employment setting you should ask the professor or manager which style is preferred for citations and format

Features of MLA style : 

Features of MLA style Requires citation within the text (not footnotes or endnotes); these citations are called “parenthetical” because they belong in parentheses Requires that parenthetical citations lead the reader to the accompanying full bibliographical entry in the Works Cited list at the end of the essay Requires specific formatting, such as double spacing and 1-inch margins

Using MLA: Page 1 : 

Using MLA: Page 1 At the top of the left side of the first page of your essay, list your full name, your professor’s name (spelled correctly), the course number, the essay number or type, and the date (updated with each draft). Double space this information In the upper right corner, insert a page number header with your last name and the page number Under the necessary information, place the title of your essay, centered

Page 1 example : 

Page 1 example This is what the top of page 1 of your essay should look like: Last Name 1 Your first and last name Instructor’s name (spelled correctly) Course number (including section number) Essay # - Type of Essay Date (update with each draft) A Specific, Original Title Goes Here (centered)

Formatting issues : 

Formatting issues The entire essay should be double-spaced with no extra spaces between paragraphs Each page should have one-inch margins When you begin a new paragraph use the TAB key to indent Type in a professional, readable font such as Times Roman Use a point size no larger than 12 point

Parenthetical citations : 

Parenthetical citations If you quote or paraphrase a source, you must include an in-text (parenthetical) citation as well as a Works Cited page An in-text citation goes in the body of the essay after the quote or paraphrase If you do not mention the author’s name in the signal phrase that introduces the quote, your citation should include the last name of the author and the page number of the text where the words are printed. Here is an example: According to an article in The Times, “Quotation goes here” (Smith 4). If you do mention the author’s name in the signal phrase that introduces the quote or paraphrase, your citation should include only the page number of the text where the words are printed. Here is an example: Jane Smith claims in her article from The Times, “Quotation goes here” (4).

Other notes on parenthetical citations : 

Other notes on parenthetical citations In MLA style, there is no comma or p. or pg. (representing “page”) in the citation The quotation marks enclose the quotation but the period belongs after the citation. Exceptions to this rule are when a quotation ends in a question mark or an exclamation mark; in those cases the punctuation belongs inside the quotation marks but a period still belongs after the citation. Here are examples: “Quotation” (citation). “Quotation?” (citation). “Quotation!” (citation). The same rules apply when paraphrasing

The Works Cited page : 

The Works Cited page The Works Cited list is included after the last page of your essay Begin by centering the words Works Cited on the first line Include a citation for every source quoted or paraphrased in the essay Citation formats differ depending on the type of source (book, article, web site, interview, etc.) Use your handbook to look up the correct information, order, and format needed

Formatting a Works Cited entry : 

Formatting a Works Cited entry The first line of each citation should begin at the margin; all subsequent lines should be indented. Here is an example: Smith 5 Works Cited "Library Restrictions Borrow from Colonial-Era Abuses." Student Guide to English to Composition 101. 7th ed. Ed. Michele Griegel-McCord, Julie Gerk Hernandez, and Jonathan Alexander. Boston: McGraw-Hill’s Custom Publishing, 2005. 65-6. "Statistics." ProtectKids.com. 2005. 2 October 2005. <http://www.protectkids.com/ dangers/stats.htm>.

Use a resource : 

Use a resource You will probably memorize some of this information as you gain writing experience and cite sources There is no need to purposely memorize information because you can find all of it in the MLA documentation section of your handbook