steps in critical reading

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The Critical Reading Process : 

The Critical Reading Process What is “critical” reading? When you are critical, you explore, question, evaluate and sometimes even argue. You also view what you’re reading as important (critical). Critical reading can apply to print texts, such as books and articles, as well as to Web-based texts, photos and other images, and multimedia such as films.

The Reading Process : 

The Reading Process Reading critically (or closely) involves active participation and thinking on your part Steps in the close reading process include: Pre-reading Annotating Outlining and/or summarizing Analyzing

Pre-reading : 

Pre-reading Pre-reading: thinking and reading before thoroughly reading a text Consider what you already know about the topic Ask questions about the author Examine the context of the piece Skim sections such as the headline, subheads, graphics or photos, publication date, and the first paragraph

Annotating : 

Annotating Annotating: participate actively in the reading process by marking up the text as you read; this is called annotating Use a pen or pencil (not a highlighter) Write down questions or comments Circle or underline important or unfamiliar words, phrases or passages Identify the thesis and main points React: argue, agree, disagree, evaluate See the lecture on annotation for more examples

Outlining : 

Outlining Outlining: dissect the piece you are reading by outlining on a separate piece of paper Note the main idea List supporting points Outline the organizational structure of the piece Note and evaluate supporting evidence

Summarizing : 

Summarizing Summarizing: after you have read the text completely, summarize what you just read Do not note your opinions in a summary Condense and summarize the author’s primary arguments

Analyzing : 

Analyzing Analyze the reading: analyzing can involve many types of critical thinking, such as Exploring Questioning Evaluating Arguing Identifying important ideas Synthesizing information from several texts Examining the text’s reasoning

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