QUALITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGN : QUALITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGN Dr. Azadeh Asgari Research Methodology Qualitative Research : Qualitative Research Examples:
Piaget’s research on the cognitive development of children
Case studies on under enrolled schools in Tehran
Ethnograph studies on abroginies in the district of gombak Qualitative Research : Qualitative Research Types of Qualitative Research :
Ethnograph studies Case Studies : Case Studies Purpose:
to do an in depth study;
background, current status and/or environmental factors that interact for each group (individual, institution or community) Characteristics Of Case Studies : Characteristics Of Case Studies It gives very detail information about individuals / group / community.
It may give a detailed explanation of a complete life cycle or part of it.
Number of cases studied may be small but the number of variables studied are usually more and more in depth if compared to a survey. Developmental Research : Developmental Research Conducted to research on the development of individuals / group / institution / community
Longitudinal Historical Research : Historical Research Used to gain information on an event, development and/or previous educational experience.
Process may involve studying previous situation, checking on current situation, and to predict if the same situation will occur again Historical Research : Historical Research Conclusion on previous event is done based on collected facts and evidences to answer why and how the event, development and educational experience occurred.
Useful to solve problems that involve sensitive issues
Important for collecting and defining facts and evidences systematically & objectively Procedure for Historical Research : Procedure for Historical Research Define the problem
Specify source of evidence
Collect evidence / reference materials
Primary source / original (observation or witnesses of events or authentic objects – eg. Artifacts, speech text, records etc.)
Secondary source (materials or information collected from primary sources eg. Paintings, films, news reports, documents - dangerous – may be confusing) Procedure For Historical Research : Procedure For Historical Research Critique of evidences
External critique: confirming if collected sources are genuine and reliable (authenticity of paintings, signatures, chemical analysis etc.)
Internal critique: conducted after authenticity of source of information is confirmed – involves evaluation of collected evidences– is it important? Required? Able to explain the researched phenomenon?
Prepare the report Ethnograph Research : Ethnograph Research In depth study of natural behaviours in a culture or social group
Purpose – to understand relationships between behaviour and culture
Also refers to the research findings
In education – to understand schooling process
(eg. Immigrant children)
Involves widespread observations (participant & nonparticipant)
Starts research without hypothesis -- hypothesis is developed in the process of observations, and the researcher explores and test his hypothesis