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Queensland is a state of Australia that occupies the north-eastern section of the mainland continent. It is bordered by the Northern Territory to the west, South Australia to the south-west and New South Wales to the south. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. The state is Australia's second largest by area, following Western Australia, and the country's third most populous after New South Wales and Victoria.

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The area was first occupied by Indigenous Australians and Torres Strait Islanders, who arrived between 40,000 and 65,000 years ago, according to various dating methods. Later, Queensland was made a British Crown Colony that was separated from New South Wales on 6 June 1859, a date now celebrated state-wide as Queensland Day. The area that currently forms the state capital, Brisbane, was originally the Moreton Bay penal colony, intended as a place for recidivist convicts who had offended while serving out their sentences in New South Wales. The state later encouraged free settlement, and today Queensland's economy is dominated by the agricultural, tourist and natural resource sectors. The state's population is concentrated in South East Queensland, which includes Brisbane, Logan City, Redland City, Ipswich, Toowoomba, and the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast. Other major regional centres include Cairns, Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton , Bundaberg, Hervey Bay, Ingham and Mount Isa. Queensland is often nicknamed the Sunshine State, since it enjoys warm weather and a sizeable portion of the state is in the tropics.


History The history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement. Estimated to have been settled by Indigenous Australians approximately 40,000 years ago, the north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch, Portuguese and French navigators before being encountered by Captain James Cook in 1770. The Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organization in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the employment of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific. June 2009 marked the 150 anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales.


Climate In Brisbane Min. Temp - 15.7 °C Max. Temp - 25.5 °C No. Clear days - 113.1 Rainfall - 1,149.1 mm (45.24 in)


Demographics A smaller proportion of Queensland's population lives in the capital city than any other mainland state. As of June 2004 the capital city represented 45.7% of the population; for the whole country, capital cities represented 63.8% of the total population. Queensland has a less centralised population than other states, with significant populations in regional cities such as Townsville.


Demographics On 9 December 2005, the population of Queensland officially reached 4 million. According to Queensland's Office of Economic and Statistical Research the estimated population of the state at the end of 2007 was 4,228,290 which is almost 20% of Australia's total. Until 2008, Queensland was the fastest growing state in Australia. At its peak growth in 2007 over 1,500 people moved to the state per week including 1,000 in the southern part of the state alone and the state recorded a TFR of 2.1, the highest since 1977. Queensland's growth rate has since been surpassed by Western Australia).


Tourism Tourism is Queensland's leading tertiary industry with millions of interstate and overseas visitors flocking to the Sunshine State each year. The industry generates $4.0 billion annually, accounting for 4.5% of Queensland's GSP. Queensland is a state of many landscapes that range from sunny tropical coastal areas, lush rainforests to dry inland areas.




Cassowary Cassowary is a gigantic bird, that is inferior by sizes only African ostrich (emu) and weigh approximately 60 kilograms. They live in the rainforests on the north of Queensland and they don’t touch everybody. But, if you touch them, they would tear your clothing and skin by their 10 centimeter claws.

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The fauna of Queensland is rich and diverse. A lot of its representatives are dangerous for the people. There is in forests possible to meet poisonous snakes, spiders, malarial gnats and crocodiles. In the coastal waters dwell marine crocodiles, sharks, and poisonous marine snakes. Also on the coasts of north-eastern Queensland, in the period since November until May sharply grows probability to meet with the poisonous jellyfish. The special signs, located along the coast, prevent about this, bathe it should be only on Chironex fleckeri with grids beaches. Different forms of poisonous jellyfish here dwell, including “sea wasp”, death from the burn by which begins during three minutes, Rhizostomae, Malo kingi, the Portuguese man-of-war(BLUEBOTTLE).

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There are also wildlife parks in Queensland

Gold Coast:

Gold Coast

Gold Coast:

Gold Coast

Sunshine Coast:

Sunshine Coast


Sport The state of Queensland is represented in all of Australia's national sporting competitions and is also host to a number of domestic and international sporting events. The most popular winter and summer team sports are Rugby league, Rugby union and cricket, respectively. The annual rugby league State of Origin series is a major event in the Queensland sporting calendar, with the Queensland Maroons in 2010 winning a record fifth series in a row. The Brisbane Broncos are the state's most successful sports team, having won 3 premierships in the NRL rugby league era and 6 in total during their 23 year existence. Swimming is also a popular sport in Queensland, with a majority of Australian team members and international medalists hailing from the state. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, Queensland swimmers won all six of Australia's gold medals, all swimmers on Australia's three female (finals) relays teams were from Queensland, two of which won gold. Queensland also currently dominates the State of Origin series, winning the series for a record fifth year in a row.

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Thank you for your attention!!!

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Made by Litovka Anastasia 11-b 2010

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