Mineral deficiency in goat

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PRESENTED BY MITU RANI DAS Roll n0.:38 Reg.no.:01059 Session : 2005-2006 Faculty of Animal Science & Veterinary Medicine Patuakhali Science and Technology University

Mineral deficiency disease(Co) :

Mineral deficiency disease(Co)

Causes: Ruminants depends entirely on their rumen microbes to incorporate cobalt into vitamin B12. :

Causes: Ruminants depends entirely on their rumen microbes to incorporate cobalt into vitamin B12. Predisposing factors : Dietary and environmental factors. Variations in the cobalt content of pasture occur with seasonal variations in pasture growth with drainage conditions. The increased incidence of disease which has been observed in the spring may related to domination of the pasture by rapidly growing grasses which have a lower cobalt content than legumes.

Clinical findings: :

Clinical findings: No specific signs are characteristic of cobalt deficiency. A gradual decrease in appetite is the only obvious clinical sign. It is accompanied by loss of body weight and final emaciation and weakness, and Pica is likely to occur, especially in cattle. There is marked pallor of the mucous membranes and affected animal are easily fatigued.


Diagnosis Based on- a ) Clinical history: Lack of balanced diet No anthelmintic treatment b) Clinical findings: A gradual decrease in appetite loss of body weight pallor of the mucous membranes C) Blood assay: yMeasurement of the blood level of cobalt through laboratory test

Treatment :

Treatment Administration of cobalt rich diet Administration of cobalt containing commercial multivitamin powder ( Renavit DB  , Renata ; Chemovit DB  ,Chemist, Vitamix  DB, ACME) In severe case fluid and electrolyte therapy should be done. Prevention & Control Supplementation of concentrate feeds Deworming the animals at regular interval Cobalt supplementation in salt licks/ free access minerals The application of cobalt sulphate to pasture used to be one of the most commonly used methods to prevent cobalt deficiency in animal production.

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Mineral deficiency disease(Fe)

Causes: :

Causes: Erythropoiesis Hemolysis Hemoglobinuria Predisposing factor: The addition of calcium carbonate to the diet of weaned fattening pigs is known to cause a conditioned iron deficiency Continued blood loss by hemorrhage

Clinical findings: :

Clinical findings: Anaemia Pica Anxiety Mouth ulcers Hair loss Depression Twitching muscle


Diagnosis: Based on- a) Clinical history: Lack of balanced diet No anthelmintic treatment b)Clinical findings: Anaemia Pica Anxiety Pruritus (Itchiness)

Treatment: :

Treatment: Ferrous gluconate Fortification with ascorbic acid Administer iron parenterally (e.g., as iron dextran ) Control: Iron should be provided the rate of 15 mg/day until weaning either by oral dosing with iron salts of a commercial grade or by the intramuscular injection of organic iron preparations . Indoor housing is practiced in many areas to avoid exposure to infestation and some bacterial diseases. If sods are into pens care must be taken to that these diseases are not introduced.

Thanks To All:

Thanks To All

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