31..LAMINITIS pw..

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Slide 1: 

Welcome to my presentation

LAMINITIS : 

LAMINITIS

Slide 3: 

Laminitis is the inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the foot. This occurs usually in horses but may be seen in cattle.

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Etiology: 1) Predisposing causes: Heavy body weight, spreading feet. 2) Exciting causes: Enterotoxaemia resulting from over eating. Drinking of cold water immediately after hard work. Overwork Toxemia Standing for long time

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Epidemiology: Horses are the most susceptible. Heavy weight and young cattle (4-6 months age) are also susceptible. Introduced too much grain. Trauma to the foot. High prevalence occur after a sole ulcer to the animal.

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Clinical signs: Lameness. Refusal to move, stiff gait. Temperature is elevated ( 103-104° F) Increased respiration. Pain in all four hooves, so lift of hoofs. Affected animals lie down. May also show Bloat, Diarrhea ,& Toxemia.

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Diagnosis based on : a) Clinical history Pain on palpation around the coronet. Exudation of serum at the coronet. b ) Clinical findings : Lameness and warm feet. Refusal to move, stiff gait c) Necropsy findings : Stomach contain excessive amount of grain. Necrosis of laminar tissue . d) Isolation of causal agent e) Radiographic intervention

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Diffential diagnosis : Tetanus Azoturia Arthritis Ephemeral fever In cattle & lambs recumbency.

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Treatment : Cold application . eg . Ice pack, keeping the foot in the cold water. Administering anti-histaminic drugs such as pheneramine meleate ( Astavet  , ACME) @sheep/goat :0.5-1 ml IM Administered corticosteroids drugs such as dexamethasone ( Dexavet  , Techno) @ 1-2 ml/10 kg Body weight IM. Glucose saline solution is administerd eg . Dextrose To relief pain NASIDs may be used such as Diclofenac sodium Eg ., Diclovet  RENETA @ 1ml/25kg body weight deep IM. Auto hemotheropy .

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Prevention & Control: Heavy carbohydrate feeding should be avoided. To use high quality roughages Careful and planned housing should be provided. Exercise should be provided around calving time Vaccination

THANKS TO ALL: 

THANKS TO ALL

Presented by Sharifuzzaman Roll no. 31 Reg. no. 01412 Session: 2006-07 Faculty of animal Science & veterinary medicine PSTU.: 

Presented by Sharifuzzaman Roll no. 31 Reg. no. 01412 Session: 2006-07 Faculty of animal Science & veterinary medicine PSTU.