Slide 1: Welcome to my presentation LAMINITIS : LAMINITIS Slide 3: Laminitis is the inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the foot. This occurs usually in horses but may be seen in cattle. Slide 4: Etiology: 1) Predisposing causes: Heavy body weight, spreading feet. 2) Exciting causes: Enterotoxaemia resulting from over eating. Drinking of cold water immediately after hard work. Overwork Toxemia Standing for long time Slide 5: Epidemiology: Horses are the most susceptible. Heavy weight and young cattle (4-6 months age) are also susceptible. Introduced too much grain. Trauma to the foot. High prevalence occur after a sole ulcer to the animal. Slide 6: Clinical signs: Lameness. Refusal to move, stiff gait. Temperature is elevated ( 103-104° F) Increased respiration. Pain in all four hooves, so lift of hoofs. Affected animals lie down. May also show Bloat, Diarrhea ,& Toxemia. Slide 7: Diagnosis based on : a) Clinical history Pain on palpation around the coronet. Exudation of serum at the coronet. b ) Clinical findings : Lameness and warm feet. Refusal to move, stiff gait c) Necropsy findings : Stomach contain excessive amount of grain. Necrosis of laminar tissue . d) Isolation of causal agent e) Radiographic intervention Slide 8: Diffential diagnosis : Tetanus Azoturia Arthritis Ephemeral fever In cattle & lambs recumbency. Slide 9: Treatment : Cold application . eg . Ice pack, keeping the foot in the cold water. Administering anti-histaminic drugs such as pheneramine meleate ( Astavet , ACME) @sheep/goat :0.5-1 ml IM Administered corticosteroids drugs such as dexamethasone ( Dexavet , Techno) @ 1-2 ml/10 kg Body weight IM. Glucose saline solution is administerd eg . Dextrose To relief pain NASIDs may be used such as Diclofenac sodium Eg ., Diclovet RENETA @ 1ml/25kg body weight deep IM. Auto hemotheropy . Slide 10: Prevention & Control: Heavy carbohydrate feeding should be avoided. To use high quality roughages Careful and planned housing should be provided. Exercise should be provided around calving time Vaccination THANKS TO ALL: THANKS TO ALL Presented by Sharifuzzaman Roll no. 31 Reg. no. 01412 Session: 2006-07 Faculty of animal Science & veterinary medicine PSTU.: Presented by Sharifuzzaman Roll no. 31 Reg. no. 01412 Session: 2006-07 Faculty of animal Science & veterinary medicine PSTU.