CKYC of NBFCs in India


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NBFC registrations are often a cumbersome process when there is no guidance. Educate yourself, understand the nbfc registration process, and get necessary nbfc compliances done. For more information visit -


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CKYC of NBFCs in India :

CKYC of NBFCs in India


N BFC Registration Non-Banking Finance Company (NBFC) is a financial institution offering a variety of banking and non-banking services and majorly deals in loans & advances, stocks & shares, hire & purchase, leasing, insurance, etc. In India, the  NBFCs registration  is regulated by The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and follow the rules & regulations laid down by it. Chapter III B of the RBI Act, 1934, lays down the provisions related to functions of NBFCs and hence, are supervised & regulated based on them. In addition, it is mandatory for the NBFCs to be duly registered as required under the Companies Act, 2013


Master Direction – (KYC) Direction, 2016 Time and again, RBI being the regulatory authority, comes out with amendments, updates & additions related to certain provisions. The need for such amendments, etc. arises from time to time, as to keep up with new changes and demands which are essential for the health of the institutions. In one such move, the RBI has published on February 25, 2016, Master Direction – Know Your Customer (KYC) Direction, 2016, which should be followed by all Regulated Entities (REs). Regulated Entities covers all Scheduled Commercial Banks, Financial Institutions, Non-Banking Finance Companies, all Payment System Providers, agents of Money Transfer Service Scheme, “Domestic and cross-border wire transfer” Banks, etc.


Salient Features of KYC Direction 2016 In terms of the provisions of Prevention of Money-Laundering (PML) Act, 2002 and the Prevention of Money-Laundering (Maintenance of Records) Rules, 2005, Regulated Entities (REs) are required to follow certain customer identification procedures while undertaking a transaction either by establishing an account-based relationship or otherwise, and monitor their transactions. The revised Master Direction is in accordance with the changes carried out in the PML Rules vide Gazette Notification GSR 538 (E) dated June 1, 2017, and thereafter and is subject to the final judgment of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of Justice K.S. Puttaswamy ( Retd .) & Anr . V. Union of India, W.P. (Civil) 494/2012, etc. (Aadhar Cases)


Salient Features of KYC Direction 2016 These Directions are called the Reserve Bank of India (Know Your Customer (KYC)) Directions, 2016 and came into effect from the day it was published. Chapter-I  of the document covers basic information on applicability and definition of different terms which are later used in reference. Chapter-II  gives general guidelines to the REs about framing the Know Your Customer (KYC) Policy. It mandates the inclusion of four key elements: (a) Customer Acceptance Policy; (b) Risk Management; (c) Customer Identification Procedures (CIP); and (d) Monitoring of Transactions There should be a Designated Director and a Principal Officer to ensure compliance as required by law.


Salient Features of KYC Direction 2016 Chapter-III  deals with the guidelines to frame the Customer Acceptance Policy, with a special note that the financially or socially disadvantaged people should not be denied banking or financial facilities. Chapter-IV  enumerates the factors to be adopted by the REs for risk management. Chapter-V  gives instructions to REs on how to undertake the Customer Identification Process in varied cases. Chapter-VI  covers the Customer Due Diligence (CDD) Procedure at great length and additionally discusses the procedure for obtaining Identification Information. The first part establishes the CDD Procedure in case of Individuals along with describing the simplified procedure for opening accounts by Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs)


Salient Features of KYC Direction 2016 Chapter-VIII  covers Reporting Requirements to Financial Intelligence Unit of India, guiding the REs towards it. Chapter-IX  describes requirements/obligations under International Agreements and Communications from International Agencies. REs have to ensure that they do not have an account in the name of individuals/entities, who are suspected of having terrorist links, appearing in the lists circulated by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)- ISIL (Daesh) & Al-Qaida Sanctions List, 1988 Sanctions List. Chapter-X  covers guidelines on varied topics and is aptly titled as ‘Other Instructions’. The first subsection gives away instructions about Secrecy Obligations and Sharing of Information by REs. NBFCs are required to maintain the confidentiality of information as provided in Section 45NB of RBI Act 1934.


CKYC 2016 Central KYC Registry is a centralized repository of KYC records of customers in the financial sector with uniform KYC norms. This has been created with the aim of- Inter-usability of the KYC records across the sector, reducing the burden of producing KYC documents and getting it verified every time when the customer creates a new relationship with a financial entity, substantial cost reduction by avoiding multiplicity of registration and data upkeep. Central KYC Registry is a user-friendly web portal that has unique KYC identifier linked with independent ID proofs. On this portal, KYC data documents are stored in a digitally secure electronic format that provides advanced user authentication mechanisms for system access.


“NBFCs are slowly taking charge of the financial needs of India’s unorganized sector!” -Shweta Gupta, Founder, and CEO, MUDS

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