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Criminal justice administration system in India : 

Criminal justice administration system in India

What is criminal justice? : 

What is criminal justice? Criminal justice is the system of practices, and organizations, used by national and local governments, directed at maintaining social control, deter and controlling crime, and sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties.

Components of criminal justice system : 

Components of criminal justice system

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ROLE OF POLICE IN INVESTIGATING THE CRIME One important function of the police is to investigate anycomplaint about the commission of a crime. An investigation includes recording statements of witnesses andcollecting different kinds of evidence On the basis of the investigation, the police are required to form an opinion. If the police think that the evidence points to the guilt of the accused person, then they file a chargesheet in the court.

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Article 22 of the Constitution and criminal law guarantee to every arrested person the following Fundamental Rights: The Right to be informed at the time of arrest of the offence for which the person is being arrested The Right to be presented before a magistrate within 24 hours of arrest. The Right not to be ill treated or tortured during arrest or in custody. Confessions made in police custody cannot be used as evidence against the accused. A boy under 15 years of age and women cannot be called to the police station only for questioning. ARTICLE 22 OF THE CONSTITUTION

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The Supreme Court of India has laid down specific requirements and procedures that the police and other agencies have to follow for the arrest, detention and interrogation of any person. These areknown as the D.K. Basu Guidelines and some of these include: The police officials who carry out the arrest or interrogation should wear clear, accurate and visible identification and name tags with their designations; A memo of arrest should be prepared at the time of arrest and should include the time and date of arrest. It should also be attested by at least one witness who could include a family member of the person arrested. The arrest memo should be counter-signed by the person arrested. The person arrested, detained or being interrogated has a right to inform a relative, friend or wellwisher. When a friend or relative lives outside the district, the time, place of arrest and venue of custody must be notified by police within 8 to 12 hours after arrest. GUIDELINES BY D.K. BASU

It is with the registration of an FIR that the police can begin their investigations into a crime. The law states that it is compulsory for an officer in charge of a police station to register an FIR whenever a person givesinformation about a cognizable offence. This information can be given to the police either orally or in writing.The FIR usually mentions the date, time and place of the offence, details the basic facts of the offence, including a description of the events. If known, the identity of the accused persons and witnesses is also mentioned. The FIR also states the name and address of the complainant. There is a prescribed form in which the police registers an FIR and it is signed bythe complainant. The complainant also has a legal rightto get a free copy of the FIR from the police. FIRST INFORMATION REPORT {F.I.R}


ROLE OF THE PUBLIC PROSECUTOR The role of the Prosecutor begins once the police has conducted the investigation and filed the chargesheet in the court. He/she has no role to play in the investigation. The Prosecutor must conduct the prosecution on behalf of the State. As an officer of the court, it is his/her duty to act impartially and present the full and material facts, witnesses and evidence before the court to enable thecourt to decide the case.

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The judge is like an umpire in a game and conducts the trial impartially and in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the prosecution and the defence. The judge decides whether the accused person is guilty or innocent on the basis of the evidence presented and in accordance with the law. If the accused is convicted, then the judge pronounces the sentence. He may send the person to jail or impose a fine or both,depending on what the law prescribes. THE ROLE OF THE JUDGE

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THANK YOU Presented by- Arpit Gupta Class- 8th -B

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