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Transportation Dawn Probst Sommer Robinson Tara Warren 2nd Grade Standard 5: Elements of Geographical Study & Analysis Benchmark: Relationships Within Places (Movement) Describe how transportation systems have facilitated movement of people, products, and ideas. Describe different types of transportation and identify advantages and disadvantages.


Transportation Life in communities has changed over the years. One of those changes is in transportation. Transportation is a way of moving people or things from one place to another.

Types of Transportation : 

Types of Transportation Land Covered Wagon Train Subway Bicycle Motorcycle Car Bus Water Canoe Steamboat Ferry Passenger Ship Submarine Air Hot Air Balloon Plane Helicopter Rocket Space Shuttle

Covered Wagon: 

Covered Wagon 1725 Wagons pulled by horses. Used by settlers to move across the prairie and develop new communities. Used by farmers to carry heavy loads long distances before there were railroads.


Train 1815 Transports people and goods over long distances on a track. Joined communities with each other.


Subway 1863: London 1904: New York City An electric underground railroad Mostly in crowded cities Moves many people from city to city or to different areas of a city


Bicycle 1868: two wheels, plus pedals A way to travel short distances other than walking or riding animals.


Motorcycle 1885 Designed like the bicycle, with an engine Gas powered Allows people to travel faster and longer distances than a bicycle.


Car 1886: Karl Benz – Germany 1903: Henry Ford – U.S. – Ford Motor Company Made travel easier and more accessible; suburbs developed.


Bus 1894 Carries many passengers usually along a route according to a schedule. 


Canoe Developed thousands of years ago by North American Indians. 1750: first canoe factory (Quebec, Canada) For traveling streams, rivers and lakes and between islands. Carries small amount of passengers and cargo


Steamboat The invention of the steam engine changed water transportation. People no longer had to depend on rowers or the wind to move ships. 1787 John Fitch: first successful voyage of a steamboat on the Delaware River. Major transport of passengers and freight on rivers.


Ferry Boat used to carry people, vehicles, and freight across narrow bodies of water. 1811: First ferry service in the United States was between 2 cities: Hoboken, New Jersey and Manhattan, New York. Bridges and tunnels have replaced many ferries.

Passenger (Cruise) Ship: 

Passenger (Cruise) Ship 1818 Ship companies began making ships to transport passengers comfortably. Carries many passengers across oceans, slowly. Hotel-like rooms and food, entertainment. Used for vacations, recreation.


Submarine 1898 A ship that can travel underwater. Used in war to attack enemy ships or to fire missiles at enemy countries.

Hot Air Balloon: 

Hot Air Balloon 1783 A balloon filled with heated air or a light gas so that it rises and floats in the air. It rises because the heated air or gas inside is lighter than the surrounding air. A basket attached under the balloon carries a pilot and passengers. Piloted balloons are used for scientific research or for recreation.


Airplane 1903: The Wright Brothers “Kitty Hawk” Fastest way to transport people and freight over long distances. Also used in war and firefighting.


Helicopter 1940 Lifted into air by propellers. Can take off and land in a small space. Can fly safely at much slower speeds and lower altitudes than airplanes. However, they cannot fly as fast as most planes. Used in war and for medical rescue, police, traffic


Rocket 1969: Apollo 11 Carried 3 astronauts First to reach the moon Space exploration

Space Shuttle: 

Space Shuttle 1981 Reusable space vehicle: flies into space and returns to Earth Transports astronauts and satellites Space exploration, science experiments


Activity Divide into 3 groups: Land Water Air Construct timeline: On each index card showing the different transportation modes in your category, indicate: the year the transportation was invented. one reason why your group believes this type of transportation was/is important to people and their community.


References Textbook Banks, J., et al. (2003). We Live Together. New York: Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. Internet History of Transportation Timeline Motorcycle, Automobile, Train, Steamboat, Submarine, Hot Air Balloon Bicycle history Subway history St. Louis Museum of Transportation: Train information On-line encyclopedia History of Canoe Staten Island Ferry history PBS: Wright Brothers flight Duke University: Passenger Ship History NASA for Kids: Rocket and Space Shuttle History

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