Revenue Decoupling New York Experience

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Revenue Decoupling: New York’s Experience & Future Directions: 

Revenue Decoupling: New York’s Experience & Future Directions NARUC 2007 Summer Committee Meetings July 17, 2007 James T. Gallagher Director, Office of Electricity and Environment New York State Department of Public Service

Revenue Decoupling Mechanisms : 

Revenue Decoupling Mechanisms What is an RDM? New York’s past experience with decoupling Alternatives to decoupling project by project lost revenue recovery third party administration of demand side programs Pros and Cons of fully cost based rates New directions for New York Observations

Revenue Decoupling Mechanisms (RDM): 

Revenue Decoupling Mechanisms (RDM) What is an RDM? - Eliminates the linkage between electricity sales and utility revenues and profits. Existing utility delivery rate designs are, in most cases, “not optimal”, in that they do not collect all fixed costs through fixed charges and all variable costs through variable charges. - Sets an allowed revenue or revenue per customer target and reconciles actual differences in a subsequent period, through a bill credit or surcharge. - Implemented to remove any remaining delivery rate disincentives against a utility’s promotion of energy efficiency, and behind-the-meter renewable technologies, and other forms of distributed generation.

NYS Past Experience with RDM: 

NYS Past Experience with RDM Mechanisms implemented for several utilities in early 1990’s (prior to restructuring) O&R, NMPC, Con Edison Post broad-based RDM, ten year planned DSM expenditure increases, on avg., 370% At four non-RDM utilities, ten year planned DSM expenditures significantly exceeded 370% (net-lost revenue recovery based on measured results) DSM Incentives and State Energy Efficiency Goals may have been primary driver of increases

NYS Past Experience with RDM (cont’d): 

NYS Past Experience with RDM (cont’d) Concerns raised regarding RDMs Skewed price signals (“bundled” rates) Large utility accruals Customer bill volatility Reduced incentives for economic development Actual Impacts Revenue reconciliations ranged from a 0.2% annual decrease at O&R to a 2% increase (capped) at NMPC Isolated effect on utility behavior difficult to determine Utility concerns regarding impending competition and rising rates eventually dampened enthusiasm regarding DSM

Problems less likely to be realized today because:: 

Problems less likely to be realized today because: Substantial progress made since the 1990’s in moving fixed costs out of volumetric delivery charges Reduced unrealized revenues and smaller true-ups After restructuring, revenue decoupling would apply to delivery revenues only Market price signals for commodity would be unaffected Decoupling can be targeted to specific classes More frequent true-ups enabled by improved metering technology

Alternatives to Revenue Decoupling: 

Alternatives to Revenue Decoupling Project specific lost revenue recovery Petition for recovery of verified net lost revenues resulting from utility-sponsored energy efficiency programs Such mechanisms can be complex Third party administration NYSERDA and the System Benefit’s Charge since 1998 But, utilities have dismantled DSM delivery infrastructure

Alternatives to Revenue Decoupling (cont) “Command and Control”: 

Alternatives to Revenue Decoupling (cont) “Command and Control” United Nations: “Cuba has solved its energy crisis without sacrificing its environment” “Fidel Castro leads sweeping new energy revolution” Overhaul of antiquated energy grid Adoption of renewable fuels Government led conservation drives

Alternatives to Revenue Decoupling (cont): 

Alternatives to Revenue Decoupling (cont) Cost Based Delivery Rates Movement towards fully cost-based rates can provide improved price signals and significantly reduce utility disincentives to promote conservation programs. Increased recovery of fixed delivery system costs through fixed rather than volumetric charges But, fully cost based delivery rates raise serious issues regarding equity impacts and customer incentives to conserve energy

Bill Impacts of Fully Cost-Based Rate Design National Grid - SC1 – Residential Rates : 

Bill Impacts of Fully Cost-Based Rate Design National Grid - SC1 – Residential Rates

New York’s Preferred Approach: Combined Strategy: 

New York’s Preferred Approach: Combined Strategy Combination of: Revenue Decoupling for mass-market customer classes Fully cost-based (hourly) rates for larger commercial and industrial customers Increase the frequency of true-ups RDM, in tandem with cost-based rate methodologies, enables rate structures that: Provide appropriate price signals, Helps to promote and expand energy efficiency and other behind-the-meter initiatives, while Mitigating significant customer bill impacts.

Commission Decoupling Order (Case 03-E-0640, Issued April 20, 2007): 

Commission Decoupling Order (Case 03-E-0640, Issued April 20, 2007) Electric and Gas utilities required to develop true-up based revenue decoupling mechanisms To be designed and implemented in individual utility rate cases, involving all interested parties In existing cases, supplemental procedural phases should be established

Reasons for Recent Actions: 

Reasons for Recent Actions Complements New York’s new 15 X 15 Energy Efficiency Initiative Reduce 2015 electricity sales by 15% from currently projected levels Need to “re-engage” utilities in the delivery of energy efficiency programs – in conjunction with NYSERDA Sets the stage for consideration of future utility programs, and any associated incentives

Contact Information: 

Contact Information James T. Gallagher Director Office of Electricity and Environment New York State Department of Public Service Three Empire State Plaza Albany, NY 12223 James_Gallagher@dps.state.ny.us 518-473-7248

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