Living with lyme disease

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Truths about lyme disease:

Truths about lyme disease By Angela perrotti-sousis

Information:

Information Lyme disease is caused by many different kinds of the borrelia bacteria. In the united states borrelia burgdorferi is the main strain of this bacteria that is carried by ticks and transferred to small mammals. When this disease is contracted by animals, in a lot of cases it does not lead to disease, however as humans when we are infected, we are at great risk to contracting lyme disease. There are also many cases where household pets such as dogs and cats can also get lyme diease .

Continued:

Continued When a human gets bit by a tick it is not a guarantee that that particular tick had lyme disease. In most cases, symptoms of the disease are not immediate. A rash is not the most common first symptom of lyme , but most believe it is. This is often described as “bulls eye” type rash that will appear on the skin around the area of the tick bite itself. It would be red, painful and in most cases you will notice swelling occurring.

Two examples of rash:

Two examples of rash

SYMPTOMS:

SYMPTOMS Other symptoms of the disease itself may be symptoms of many other virus’s, diseases or even just symptoms you would have during the flu or common cold seasons.

Symptoms:

Symptoms

Effects of disease:

Effects of disease Lyme disease is linked to causing other medical health issues as well. Lyme can cause issues with the heart. in some cases blockages are known to occur. The bacteria that causes the lyme is what does damage to the layers of the heart. Lyme disease also often affects our immune systems and its natural ability to fight off common things. Lyme disease is also linked to causing depression because of its severity of symptoms impacting ones everyday life.

Heart affects :

Heart affects

SYMPTOMS and phases:

SYMPTOMS and phases

Reported cases:

Reported cases The center for disease control has reported about 300,000 cases of lyme diesase each year in the united states alone. Certain areas of the U.S are more common areas to contract the diseases. New York state has a very high number of cases by itself. Over 71,000 cases have been reported since the year 2000. keeping in mind, these are only the amount of cases actually reported.

2013/2014 USA:

2013/2014 USA

NYS reported cases:

NYS reported cases

QUICK FACTS:

QUICK FACTS

Information:

Information Lyme disease can remain dormant in ones body for many years. Symptoms may go away and they may think that the disease is gone completely. These symptoms can come back many years later and be from the original diagnosis of lyme years prior too.

Treatments :

Treatments Antibiotic treatments are that administered early on In the lyme disease diagnosis show to greatly reduce symptoms. Some of the most common antibiotics used in these treatments are doxycycline and amoxiciilin . Sometimes In severe cases penicillian will be given through intravenous (iv) in the hospital.

TREATMENTS:

TREATMENTS

Lyme in Household pets:

Lyme in Household pets It Is very common for dogs to get lyme disease. Treatment plan in dogs is the same as in humans, using the exact same antibiotics. Vaccinations are available for pets but not in humans. Human vaccinations were once considered but were never approved. However, in cats, it is very uncommon to them to be diagnosed with lyme disease. The bacteria does effect them, but it is less likely for this to occur in cats than it is for humans and dogs. Veternarians will however conduct lyme testing on a cat that is showing symptoms and lives in a high lyme area. The disease cannot be spread from one animal to another, from animal to human, or human to human. It can only be spread by a tick bite.

Vaccinations for humans:

Vaccinations for humans In 1998 pharmaceutical company smithkline beecham came out with a vaccination for lyme disease for humans called lymerix . By 2002 this vaccination was withdrew from the market despite clinical trial results. The vaccination was to be given in three doses and  it stimulated antibodies that attacked the Lyme bacteria in the tick’s gut as it fed on the human host, before the bacteria were able to enter the body. This was about 78% effective in protecting against Lyme infection after all three doses of the vaccine had been given No other vaccinations for humans has been worked on or discovered since.

Bibliography:

Bibliography Berger, S. (2015). Lyme disease : Global Status. Los Angeles, US: GIDEON Informatics Inc. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com.library.esc.edu Lantos, P. M. (2015). Chronic Lyme Disease.  Infectious Disease Clinics of North America ,  29 (2), 325–340. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.idc.2015.02.006   Steere , A. C., Coburn, J., & Glickstein , L. (2004). The emergence of Lyme disease.  Journal of Clinical Investigation ,  113 (8), 1093–1101. http://doi.org/10.1172/JCI200421681  https://www.cdc.gov/lyme/

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