Emerging and future Technologies

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Obsolete and Emerging Technologies :

Obsolete and Emerging Technologies Susan E. Douglas Walden University EDUC 7108-1 Student I.D. # A00127060 November 18, 2012

PowerPoint Presentation:

What it enhanced? It gave the presenter the ability to project and enlarge the information so that everyone in the room could see it. With the addition of a roll of transparency film and multi-colored erasable pens, presenters were able to interchange information and accent their work with the markers and to reuse the information without reproducing it again. Transparency film was also created for the copy machine so worksheets could be displayed on the overhead projector instead of making copies for everyone in the classroom. What it obsolesced? The overhead projector and projection screen replaced the need for the chalkboard. What it retrieved or rekindled? It is reminiscent of the slide projector. With that device, you were able to project one image at a time on the screen for a large audience. What it reversed into ? It set the stage for the development of image projectors like the opaque projector. Obsolete Technology Overhead Projector

PowerPoint Presentation:

What it enhanced? The document camera allowed presenters to project documents such as student work and lab work onto a projection screen for the entire class to view . What it obsolesced? The document camera and the LCD projector replaced the need for the overhead projector. What it retrieved or rekindled? The document camera is reminiscent of filmstrips which allowed us to look at one document at a time when we projected the pictures on the wall for our students. What it reversed into? The document camera set the stage for the next generation which will be able to zoom in thus allowing a microscopic feature which will be useful especially in science labs. Emerged Technology: LCD projector/document camera

Interview with Decision-Maker: District Technology Specialist:

Interview with Decision-Maker: District Technology Specialist Questions from the interview: 1) As a decision-maker for technology in the district, how are decisions made as to what technological devices/materials are purchased for school/county use? 2) What technological devices would you classify as obsolete that have been used in the past? 3) What technological devices would you classify as emerging/emerged? 4) In looking at devices such as the overhead projector, the document camera, and the LCD projector how would you classify them? 5) How has the SMART Board affected the way technology is purchased/used at the county level? 6) What are the advantages of a document camera compared to the overhead projector? 7) What are the disadvantages of a document camera as compared to the overhead projector? 8) How would you describe the impact technology has made on classroom instruction? 9) What do you feel has been the biggest obstacle in providing technological resources for the district? Why? 10) If you had an unlimited budget, what resources would you provide for teachers and students in the classroom?

Interview with Teacher: Music Teacher (band/Music appreciation) :

Interview with Teacher: Music Teacher (band/Music appreciation) Questions from the interview: 1) As a classroom teacher, have you ever used an overhead projector? 2) At the time, what were the advantages /disadvantages of the device? 3) How did the overhead projector impact the instruction in your classroom? 4) In your opinion, what device did the overhead projector make obsolete? Why? 5) As a classroom teacher have you ever used a document camera or an lcd projector? How did you use it in your instruction? 6) What advantages/disadvantages create with your instruction? 7) What technological devices do you currently use in the classroom? Why? 8) What has helped/hindered your use of technology in the classroom? 9) What technology do you feel is emerging in the field of education? Why? 10) If you could design a 21 st century classroom with an unlimited budget, what devices would you include and why?

Six prominent forces that drive emerging technologies:

Six prominent forces that drive emerging technologies Evolutionary Technology Rhymes of History Science Fiction Disruptive Technology Increasing Returns Red Queens

Evolutionary technology, a “progression or growth of a previous one,” is one of the six forces which drives emerging technology (Laureate Education, 2009). Moore’s Law reminds us that these technological trends show that as the power of the technology increases, it also becomes less costly ; thereby creating a “nonlinear process” which causes it to become more dominant over time (Laureate Education, 2009). :

Evolutionary technology, a “progression or growth of a previous one,” is one of the six forces which drives emerging technology (Laureate Education, 2009). Moore’s Law reminds us that these technological trends show that as the power of the technology increases, it also becomes less costly ; thereby creating a “nonlinear process” which causes it to become more dominant over time (Laureate Education, 2009). Evolving from the opaque projector; the emergence of the overhead projector in the 1950’s gave the presenter the capability to share information with a larger audience through a variety of median; the transparency roll of film and the ability to make copies with transparencies also gave the presenter a more versatile median. With the infiltration of computers in the classroom, LCD projectors allowed presenters the versatility of incorporating computer generated documents and presentations for their audiences thus making the overhead projector obsolete.

Rhymes of history – Dr. Thornburg (Laureate, 2009) Reminds us that, Rhymes of history represents “the affect or impact of how a new technology rekindles something from the distant past.”:

Rhymes of history – Dr. Thornburg (Laureate, 2009) Reminds us that, Rhymes of history represents “the affect or impact of how a new technology rekindles something from the distant past.” As was stated earlier with the tetrad for the overhead projector, it is reminiscent of the former slide projector which allowed the viewer to observe one image at a time. The device which the LCD projector/document camera rekindles is the filmstrip projector which allowed us to be able to have multiple methods of technology (filmstrip/recording) interact simultaneously with each other during the presentation.

Science fiction – According to Dr. Thornburg, (Laureate, 2009), “made-Up technologies in science fiction trigger the imagination of inventors.:

Science fiction – According to Dr. Thornburg, (Laureate, 2009), “made-Up technologies in science fiction trigger the imagination of inventors. While it is doubtful that the discovery of the overhead projector was influenced by science fiction, it’s use in the private and then public sector hurtled it to the forefront of the technological world during the 1950’s and 60’s. Patented in the late 80’s, the LCD projector was very much influenced by its predecessor. How and if science fiction influenced the development of this device is unknown; however, during this time period many of the Star Trek movies were being produced which did involve the use of computers and projections of images in the various sci-fi movies being made during that decade.

Disruptive technology – New Technology that suddenly appears and creates a brand new way of thinking about a technological task (Laureate, 2009):

Disruptive technology – New Technology that suddenly appears and creates a brand new way of thinking about a technological task (Laureate, 2009) With the emergence of the overhead projector, presenters began to look at how they shared their information differently. No longer were they bound to remain at the chalkboard, but they and their audience could interact during the presentation using this device. Transparencies could also made to use with this machine, thereby, increasing the versatility and use. Also, its portability made it a convenient device to use in a variety of settings. With the LCD projector and document camera, presentations could now be to a much bigger audience. Instead of crowding around a demonstration table, audience members could have a front row perspective of the materials being shown and feel as if they were on the front row.

Increasing returns- Dr. Thornburg states that, “Increasing returns happens When two technologies compete and one is chosen while the other disappears”. (Laureate, 2009) RED Queens – He goes on to state that Red queens involve the sudden movement of one technology over its competitor (Laureate, 2009).:

Increasing returns- Dr. Thornburg states that, “Increasing returns happens When two technologies compete and one is chosen while the other disappears”. (Laureate, 2009) RED Queens – He goes on to state that Red queens involve the sudden movement of one technology over its competitor (Laureate, 2009). When both of these technologies were on the market, the versatility of the LCD projector/document camera far outweighed the advantages of the overhead projector. Once presenters became comfortable with the technological aspects involved in using the LCD projector, the overhead projector soon became obsolete. While the overhead projector is used occasionally in some situations, the LCD projector has become the tool of choice by presenters in the educational and business world.

Speculation of the future in education :

Speculation of the future in education What does the future hold in education? According to the experts ( Solloway & Thornburg, 2009), it depends on the distribution of technology. While it often is quite positive, it is a rarity to find the resources distributed equally. Whether it affects gender specific groups or targets certain cultural or socio-economic subgroups, everyone should be able to reap the benefits of the advancements of technology.

Summary :

Summary In summary, technology is only as good as the infrastructure which supports it. Without the entire package, even the best technological devices will lose their luster and become obsolete unless a proper support system is in place to reinforce the devices it serves. Funding is also an issue which plagues our society. Many schools and businesses use antiquated computers and outdated servers which are incapable of providing reliable service. Until these matters are resolved, we will continue to cruise down the technological highway driving a 57’ Chevy in a 21 st century world.

References: :

References: Laureate Education, Inc. (2009). Emerging and future technology. Baltimore, MD: Soloway . Laureate Education, Inc. (2009). What is emerging technology. Baltimore, MD: Thornburg. Laureate Education, Inc. (2009).Disruptive Technologies. Baltimore, MD: Thornburg. Laureate Education, Inc. (2009).Increasing Returns. Baltimore, MD: Thornburg. Laureate Education, Inc. (2009).Red Queens. Baltimore, MD: Thornburg. Laureate Education, Inc. (2009). Rhymes of History. Baltimore, MD: Thornburg. Laureate Education, Inc. (2009). Science Fiction. Baltimore, MD: Thornburg. Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press. Soloway , E. (2009). The digital divide: Leveling the playing field. Emerging and Future Technologies.[Audio podcast]. Retrieved: https://class.waldenu.edu Thornburg, D (2009). Diversity and Globalism. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu Thornburg, D. D. (2009b). When is a technology emergent? Lake Barrington, IL: Thornburg Center for Space Exploration.

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