The Language of Medicine Chabner Ch9 Anne Osman

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Chapter 9 Male Reproductive System:

Chapter 9 Male Reproductive System Great website:

New course policy:

There will be a quiz at the end of each lesson. If you miss a quiz, you will have a zero. No makeup quizzes under any circumstances. New course policy

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Illustration internal structures from front…add names of structures (testicle)


ANATOMY testes scrotum seminiferous tubes Interstitial cells testosterone epididymis vas deferens ejaculatory duct urethra male gonads AKA testicles sac on the outside of the body, enclosing the testicles coiled tubules (inside the scrotum) which produce sperm cells which manufacture testosterone male hormone long tube where spermatozoa are stored tube which carries sperm to the ejaculatory duct tube which carries semen to the urethra tube which passes through the penis to the outside of the body


ANATOMY ejaculation semen prostate gland penis glans penis prepuce sudden discharge of fluid fluid (containing sperm) that is ejaculated secretes a thick liquid (part of semen) structure containing male urethra sensitive region at tip of penis fold of skin covering glans penis (AKA foreskin)


erectile dysfunction fraternal twins identical twins conjoined twins perineum seminal vesicle inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence twins from two separate ova twins from one ovum incompletely separated identical twins (“Siamese” twins) area between the anus and the scrotum in a male sac-like gland that secretes fluid into the vas deferens VOCABULARY

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VOCABULARY spermaotzoa sterilization testosterone sperm cells procedure that makes a person unable to reproduce hormone secreted by testes; causes male sex characteristics


PREFIXES male male sex hormone (as testosterone) glans penis inflammation of the glans penis hidden one or both testicles have not descended into the scrotal sac epididymis infection/inflammation of the epididymis water sac of clear fluid in the scrotum andr/o androgen balan/o balanitis crypt/o cryptorchidism epididym/o epididymitis hydr/o hydrocele


PREFIXES orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o a- anorchism orchitis prostat/o prostatectomy prostatitis testis, testicle without absence of one or both testicles inflammation of a testicle prostate gland surgical removal of the prostate gland inflammation of the prostate gland


PREFIXES semin/i seminiferous tubules sperm/ spermat/o oligospermia aspermia terat/o teratoma semen, seed coiled tubes in the testicles spermatozoa, semen spermatozoa, semen insufficient numbers of sperm absence of sperm monster tumor in the testes composed of different types of tissues, such as bone, hair, and skin


PREFIXES varic/o varicocele vas/o vasectomy zo/o azoospermia varicose (swollen, twisted) veins a collection of varicose veins above the testes vessel, duct surgical removal of part of a vas deferens animal life lack of spermatozoa in the semen


SUFFIXES -genesis spermatogenesis -one testosterone -pexy orchiopexy formation the formation of sperm hormone a male hormone fixation, putting in place surgical fixation of a testis


PATHOLOGY variocele hyperplasia benign benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph) STD, venereal disease chlamydia gonorrhea herpes genitalis syphilis enlarged veins near the testicle abnormal growth not dangerous benign growth of cells inside the prostate sexually transmitted disease STDs


PROCEDURES castration circumcision TURP vasectomy surgical removal of testicles or ovaries surgical removal of the prepuce of the penis transurethral resection of the prostate (excision of parts) removal of a part of the vas deferens


ABBREVIATIONS GU HSV PID RPR STD TURP genitourinary herpes simplex virus pelvic inflammatory disease rapid plasma reagin (test for syphilis) sexually transmitted disease transurethral resection of the prostate

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