The Language of Medicine Chabner Ch1 Anne Osman

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Introduction to medical terminology. PPT by Anne Collins Osman

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Chapter 1 Basic Word Structure:

Chapter 1 Basic Word Structure Divide words into parts. Relate the words to the structure and function of the body. Be aware of spelling and punctuation problems.

II. Word Analysis:

Divide Words into parts: ROOT = basic part of the word A PREFIX comes before the ROOT A SUFFIX comes after the ROOT A COMBINING VOWEL connects word parts HEMATOLOGY HEMAT / O / LOGY ROOT SUFFIX COMBINING VOWEL II. Word Analysis

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II. Word Analysis ELECTROCARDIOGRAM ELECTR/ O / CARDI / O / GRAM ROOT ROOT SUFFIX COMBINING VOWEL

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II. Word Analysis GASTRITIS GASTR / ITIS ROOT SUFFIX INFLAMMATION STOMACH GASTRITIS is an inflammation of the stomach

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GASTROENTEROLOGY GASTR / O / ENTER / O / LOGY ROOT ROOT SUFFIX STOMACH INTESTINES STUDY OF GASTROENTEROLOGY is the study of the stomach and intestines. II. Word Analysis

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Three General Rules Read the meaning from the suffix back to the beginning of the term. Drop the combining vowel before a suffix beginning with a vowel. Keep the combining vowel between two roots. II. Word Analysis:

II. Word Analysis: :

1. Read the meaning from the suffix back to the beginning of the term, and across Gastroenter ology = the study of Gastro enterology = stomach Gastro enter ology = intestines “ ∴ Gastroenterology is the study of the stomach and the intestines. II. Word Analysis:

II. Word Analysis::

2. Drop the combining vowel before a suffix beginning with a vowel. Gastritis not gastroitis 3. Keep the combining vowel between two roots: Gastr o enterology not gastrenterology II. Word Analysis:

II. Word Analysis::

COMBINING FORM = Root + combining vowel Hemat /o means blood Root + combining vowel = combining form GASTR/o means stomach II. Word Analysis:

II. Word Analysis::

A PREFIX comes at the beginning of a term. SUB/GASTR/IC means pertaining to under the stomach prefix + root = suffix epi / gastr / ic means pertaining to above the stomach II. Word Analysis:

Pronunciation of Terms p. 25:

LONG VOWELS SHORT VOWELS ā -- ape ă -- apple ē -- even ĕ -- every ī -- ice ĭ -- interest ō -- open ŏ -- pot ū -- unit ŭ -- under Pronunciation of Terms p. 25

VIII : Review Sheet:

IMPORTANT PARTS OF MEDICAL TERMS: ROOT : foundation SUFFIX : word ending PREFIX : word beginning COMBINING VOWEL : links parts of words COMBINING FORM: root + combining vowel VIII : Review Sheet

VIII : Review Sheet:

Combining Form Meaning Combining Form Meaning aden /o gland cyt /o cell arthr /o joint derm /o skin bi/o life dermat /o skin carcin /o cancer electr /o electricity cardi /o heart encephal /o brain cephal /o head enter/o intestine cerebr /o cerebrum erythr /o red cis /o to cut gastr /o stomach crin /o to secrete (produce) glyc /o sugar cyst/o urinary bladder; sac gnos /o knowledge cyt /o cell gynec /o woman VIII : Review Sheet

VIII : Review Sheet:

Combining Form Meaning Combining Form Meaning hem/o, hemat /o blood path/o disease hepat /o liver ped /o child iatr /o treatment psych/o mind leuk /o white radi /o x-rays log/o study of ren /o kidney nephr /o kidney rhin /o nose neur /o nerve sarc /o flesh onc /o tumor sect/o to cut ophthalm /o eye thromb /o clot oste /o bone ur /o urinary track VIII : Review Sheet

VIII : Review Sheet:

Combining Form Meaning Combining Form Meaning VIII : Review Sheet

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