The Language of Medicine Chabner Ch6 Ann...


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Chapter 6Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology : 

Chapter 6Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology Great website:

New course policy : 

There will be a quiz at the end of each lesson. If you miss a quiz, you will have a zero. No makeup quizzes under any circumstances. New course policy


SUFFIXES -ectasis bronchiectasis -emesis hematemesis -lysis hemolysis -pepsia dyspepsia -phagia dysphagia polyphagia stretching, dilation chronic inflammation of bronchus vomiting vomiting blood destruction destruction of red blood cells digestion difficulty in digesting food eating, swallowing difficulty swallowing excessive appetite or eating


SUFFIXES -plasty rhinoplasty -ptosis proptosis -ptysis hemoptysis -rrhage, -rrhagia men/o menorrhagia repair plastic surgery on the nose: “nose job” prolapse, fall, sag forward protrusion of the eye spitting spitting blood (from the respiratory tract) bursting forth menstruation excessive menstruation

Illustrations : 

Illustrations rhinoplasty hemolysis bronchiectasis


OTHER USES OF TERMS ectasia lysis emesis ptosis spasm stasis stenosis occult dilation decline or disintegration vomiting drooping sudden, painful muscle contraction slowing or stoppage of flow narrowing or blockage hidden

Slide 7: 

corneal ectasia ptosis stenosis

Fill in the blanksectasia – emesis – lysis -ptosis : 

Fill in the blanksectasia – emesis – lysis -ptosis ptosis ectasia emesis lysis Weakened eyelid muscles can cause ________ of the eyelids. Mammary duct ________ may cause mastitis. If a child swallows poison, the physician may attempt to induce ________ . The disease caused ________ of liver cells.

Fill in the blanksoccult - stasis – stenosis - spasm : 

Fill in the blanksoccult - stasis – stenosis - spasm spasm stasis stenosis occult Eating spicy food can cause ________ of gastric sphincters. Overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine causes ________ of its contents. Projectile vomiting in an infant during feeding is an indication of ________. A stool guiac (GWI-ak) tests for ________ blood in feces.


LABORATORY TESTS LFT stool culture stool guiac or hemoccult test Liver function test Feces are placed in a growth medium and examined microscopically Test for hidden blood in feces


CLINICAL PROCEDURES: X-RAYS Lower GI series (barium enema) Upper GI series Cholangiography Computed tomography (CT, CT scan or CAT scan) X-ray of colon and rectum after injecting barium into rectum X-ray of esophagus, stomach, and small intestine after giving barium by mouth X-ray of biliary system after injecting contrast into bile ducts X-ray series showing cross-sectional images

CLINICAL PROCEDURES:Ultrasound & Radioactive : 

CLINICAL PROCEDURES:Ultrasound & Radioactive abdominal ultrasonography magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) liver scan Sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of abdominal viscera Magnetic and radio waves produce multidimensional images of organs and tissues. Image of the liver after injecting radioactive material into the blood stream.


OTHER PROCEDURES gastrointestinal endoscopy liver biopsy nasogastric (NG) intubation paracentesis Visual examination of GI tract using an endoscope. Removal of liver tissue for microscopic examination Insertion of an NG tube through the nose into the stomach Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen


ABBREVIATIONS alk phos ALT, AST BE BM CT scan GB GERD HBV IBD LFTs alkaline phosphatase alanine transanminase, aspartate transanminase barium enema bowel movement computed tomography gallbladder gastroesophageal reflux disease hepatitis b virus inflammatory bowel disease liver function tests


ABBREVIATIONS MRI NG tube NPO PUD SGOT, SGPT TPN T tube magnetic resonance imaging nasogastric tube nothing by mouth (npo – nil par os) peptic ulcer disease enzyme tests of liver function total parenteral reduction tube placed in the biliary tract for drainage

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