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Global Wireless e- Voting :

Global Wireless e- Voting Presented by Vaishali Pandita(311/08/ECE/B1)

Contents :

Contents Introduction Present System Disadvantages of the present system Proposed system Block diagram Voting machine Block diagram of the voting machine Eye retina scanning Interface device Hurdles in the path of implementation Future enhancements Conclusion References 2 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Introduction :

Introduction “Global Wireless E-Voting”:- In this the machine is made intelligent which can determine the eligibility of the voter by scanning the eye pattern . Also the vote count is not kept into the same machine itself instead of it is stored in the remote server by converting it into radio waves. 3 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Present system:

Present system I n a present system each and every section is given a electronic machine which stores the votes of the people. Control of present system is given to the incharge officer who check the eligibility of the candidates for voting. Finally we collect all the voting machine at a place and go for counting. 4 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Disadvantages of the present system :

Disadvantages of the present system The machine is not able to recognize the eligibility of a candidate, so the corrupted officers may misguide the people. The corrupted officers may increase the count of the voting. After voting if any technical problems or damage occurs with the machines it may leads to the re election. 5 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Contd…:

Contd… During transportation of the machines the incharge person can change the status of machines and even may destroy This system is not a cost effective one. Since we need security, in charge officers, secured place for counting and election place. The voting take place where the machine is located. 6 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Proposed System:

Proposed System In our system we trying to keep counting of votes in to a remote secured system. In this system we are using a electronic circuit which enable the voter to vote and transfer this vote to the remote system by converting it to radio wave through the mobile towers. Our machine can check the eligibility of the candidate by itself, so there is no question of corruption. 7 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Contd...:

Contd... Here we need not to go for the re election even if the machine is damaged. A person even can vote from a mobile system and also from Internet. 8 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Block diagram:

Block diagram Alert alarm Voting machine Interface Device Server or Distrubuted LAN +Interface device Retina scanner 5 5 Ready signal 6 Vote flow channel 4 1 Mobile tower 3 2 9 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Explanation:

Explanation Radio waves representing scanned retina pattern and vote to Mobile tower. Radio waves representing scanned retina pattern and vote to remote server. Acknowledgement (+ve or –ve) from the server to mobile tower. 10 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Contd…:

Contd… 4. Acknowledgement (+ve or –ve) from mobile tower to Interface device. 5. Ready signal if retina is scanned properly to voting machine. And if –ve signal then alert alarm will be activated. 6. Accepted vote is made to flow to the interface device. 11 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Voting Machine:

Voting Machine The voting machine is actually a device which generates the different voltages for different votes these voltages are fed to the (ADC) which is then converted to digital bits then can be converted to radio waves . 12 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE CLIENT SIDE CIRCUIT:

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE CLIENT SIDE CIRCUIT VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08 13

Eye Retina Scanning:

Eye Retina Scanning The eye retina machine be a simple web cam or device which can capture the images effectively .the captured image will be represented in the form of a matrix where each pixel represents 24-bit (RGB, 8+8+8 format) 14 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

PowerPoint Presentation:

Contd… 15 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Interface device :

Interface device This is an electronic kit which converts the input digital signals such as (retina pattern + votes+ secure bits) to radio waves. 16 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Working of whole system :

Working of whole system Whenever voters enter to voting booth then he will be instructed to directly look at retina scanning machine and the machine scans the retina. Once retina scanning properly confirmed then then voter is made to vote. Now the whole data including the retina pattern is sent to interfacing device which converts it into radio waves and these radio waves are sent to mobile tower And then to the remote server, where the authentication and voters identification is stored into a secured database. 17 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Contd…:

Contd… The received data is first converted into digital format from the radio waves through the interface device kept at the server side, and then retina pattern and vote separated. Next the retina pattern is matched against the existing database . If match is found then flag is check which indicates its voting status i.e. +ve ack. This ack is recognized by the receiver kept at the voter side and machine is made to scan next retina pattern and vote, otherwise if –ve ack then alert alarm is made to ring. 18 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

HURDLES IN THE PATH OF IMPLEMENTATION :

HURDLES IN THE PATH OF IMPLEMENTATION Security Efficiency Geographical Problems 19 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Security:

Security Uses Key Complex Encryption algorithm First it finds the length of the string. Generate the random numbers equal to the length of the string. Add the corresponding Characters from the given string and random values. 20 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

PowerPoint Presentation:

E.g. KSHITIJ 8 12 34 4 11 9 26 The ASCII value for KSHITIJ are K S H I T I J B) 75 83 72 73 84 73 74 Add corresponding A) and B) values as 8+75 12+83 34+72 4+73 11+84 9+73 26+74 83 95 106 77 95 82 100 Contd 21 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

PowerPoint Presentation:

The corresponding ASCII characters for these are S _ j M _ R d The corresponding characters for random values        Finally encrypted data as S  _  j  M  _  R  d  22 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Efficiency:

Efficiency Applying compression Algorithms Using distributed Operating system environment with multiple servers. CDMA technique 23 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

PowerPoint Presentation:

k1*d1+ k2*d2 + k3*d3+ k4*d4 Key 1 data 1 Key 3 data 3 Key 4 d ata 4 Key 2 data 2 24 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Geographical Problems :

Geographical Problems It occurs where the technical facilities like mobile tower or Internet service is not present. In this case will convert the vote and retina pattern into the electrical information And pass it through the electrical conductors until we reach the area where the technical facilities like internet or mobile tower is available. Here the eye scanner will be web cam. 25 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

PowerPoint Presentation:

FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS 26 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

Contd… :

Contd… SMS (TEXT MESSAGING) INTERACTIVE DIGITAL TELEVISION INTERNET SSL WEBSITE VOTING OPERATING SYSTEM 27 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

CONCLUSION:

CONCLUSION Provides high level of security, authentication, reliability, and corruption-free mechanism. By this we can get result with in minute after a completion of voting. Minimum manpower Utilization, hence mechanism is error free. 28 VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08

References:

References Electronic circuit by Boylestead. Digital Integrated Electronics by Herbert Taub and Donald Schilling. www.howstuffworks.com www.google.com www.wikipedia.com

THANKS!!!!!!!!!:

THANKS!!!!!!!!! VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08 30

ANY QUERIES???:

ANY QUERIES??? VAISHALI PANDITA,ECE-B1-311/08 31

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