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Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: India Slide 2: Area - 3.28 million square kilometers Coast line – 7516 kms 29 STATES , 5 UNION TERRITORRIES Population – 1,156,897,766 population GROWTH RATE – 1.407 PCNT 325 SPOKEN LANGUAGES 18 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES 1652 DIALECTS 2ND BIGGEST CONTRY IN POPULATION Slide 3: journey THROGH THE HISTORY OF INDIA 3 PARTS : 3 PARTS Ancient Civilization Kingdoms European Rule Slide 6: Ancient Civilization 3300 bc – 500 bc The Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro civilization 3300 bc – 1300 bc Aryan civilization 2500 bc – 322 bc Vedic age 1200 bc – 500 bc Slide 7: Kingdoms The Mouryas Gupta Period Muslim Period 322 bc – 1700 ad 322 bc – 188 bc 320 ad – 647 ad 1175 ad – 1707 ad Early CivilizationsofAncient India : Early CivilizationsofAncient India Indus Valley : Indus Valley The harappan culture existed along the Indus River in what is Present day Pakistan. It was named after the city of Harappa. Harappa and the city of mohenja-daro were important centers of the Indus Valley civilization. This indus valley Civilization flourished around 3300 bc – 1300 bc Natural Resources : Natural Resources The indus valley contained numerous natural resources that were important of harappan civilization. Resources Included: Fresh water and timber. Materials such as gold, silver, semi precious stones. Marine Resources. Slide 13: Great bath people : people male priest Early harappan – Ravi phase 3300 bc – 2800 bc : Early harappan – Ravi phase 3300 bc – 2800 bc This distinctive, regional culture which emerged is called early or pre- harappan. Trade networks linked this culture with related regional cultures and distant sources of raw materials, including lapis lauzil and other materials for bead-making. Domesticated crops include peas, sesame seeds, dates and cotton. Domestic animals also used, such as water buffalo. Mud brick for building. Middle harappan – integration era 2600 bc – 1900 bc : Middle harappan – integration era 2600 bc – 1900 bc By 2500 bce, communities had been turned into urban centers (integration). Six such urban centers have been discovered including : harappa, mohenja-daro and dicki in pakistan, along with gonorreala, dokalingam and manglore in india. In total, over 1052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region of the ghaggar-florence river and its tributaries. Male skeleton : Male skeleton Female skeleton : Female skeleton Late harappan – cemetry h 1700 bc – 1300 bc : Late harappan – cemetry h 1700 bc – 1300 bc Expansion of setttlements into the east. Rice became a main crop. Continued use of mud brick for building. Cremation of human remains. The bones were stored in painted pottery burial urns. This is completely different to the indus civilization where bodies were buried in wooden coffins.apparent breakdown of the widespread trade of the indus civilization with materials such as marine shells no longer used. Burial urns : Burial urns Harappan script still undecipherable : Harappan script still undecipherable Collapse of harappan civilization : Collapse of harappan civilization Intense flodding Decrease in population Dessication of sarasvati river Aryan invasion Four theories of collapse : Aryans : Aryans Group of nomadic tribes who had originally inhabited central asia. Tall, faor haired, with clear cut features, they setted in punjab in indus valley region. Fought with the original people of the indus valley civilization who were dar sin and nown as dasyus or dravidians. The superiority of aryans resulted in the dravidian submission and retirement to the south. Aryan migration : Aryan migration Sanskrit writing : Sanskrit writing Slide 28: The aryan society was very well organized, ruled by monarch. Practiced the four vedas. Caste system was introduced and practiced based on one’s profession: Brahmins: priests, teachers, intellectuals Shatriyas: warriors, soldiers Vashya: traders, merchants, peasants Shudras: people in service of others Outcastes: the untouchables Aryan period is washed out the end of 322 bc Cultural impact of aryans: : Cultural impact of aryans: The culture of aryan period exist today and has been an integral part of hindus all oner the world. All hindus accept vedas as their most sacred scripture. Hindu religion originated with aryans. With the invasion of persian kings cyrus and darius in the 500 bc there were significant changes and commingling of aryan and persian culture The vedic age : The vedic age The foundations for hinduism were established The vedas : The vedas 1200 bce - 600 bce Written in sansrit Hindu core of beliefs: Hymns and poems Religious prayers Magical spells List of gods and goddesses Rigveda – oldest wor The caste system : The caste system Who is the . . . The mouth ? The arms ? The legs ? The feet ? What is jati ? Kingdoms : Kingdoms The mouryan empire : The mouryan empire The mouryans : The mouryans The first empire to successfully unite most of the subcontinent is the mourya which ruled from 322 bc – 188 bc Slide 36: Founder : chandra gupta mourya Advisor : kautilya Chandra gupta, the great defeated the persian general selucs Divided his empire into provinces, then districts, for tax assessments and law enforcement. He feared assassination In 3o1 bc he gave up his throne and became a jain asoka : asoka Religious conversion after the gruesome battle of kalinga. Dedicated his life to buddhism Extension of roads Plantation of trees Buddhist principles dominate his laws Cultural impact of the mouryans : Cultural impact of the mouryans Origin of non violence in india Asoka promoted non violence along with Buddhism Spread of Buddhism to the neighboring countries of china, thailand, japan etc…, Education and intellectual movement World’s first university is established The gupta empire : The gupta empire Gupta rulers : Gupta rulers The gupta period is known as golden age of indIa Era of the most advanced civilization, flush with wealth, higher education, trade with foreign countreis and overall happy life. Period of hindu renaissance Extensive trade : Extensive trade Gupta art : Gupta art Impact of gupta period : Impact of gupta period Showed preference to hindu religion Music, architecture, sculptures, paintings were at its best. Various copper status images of buddha reflect the craftsmanship of the gupta period. Islam arrives in India : Islam arrives in India turks period : turks period turks from central asia invadede india and ruled from 1175 to 1340 ad. attracted by india’s wealth, looted and destroyed temples. More interested in wealth rather than politics and were soon replaced by mughals. The turks’ dominance in 1526 with the invasion of mughals from central asia Babur akbar : Babur akbar Muslim period : Muslim period nomadic people of central asia. The first invader was babur, related to genghis khan. He defeated rajputs and afghans and ruled in india Babur’s successors: akbar and shahjahan are the most prominent in indian history. Akbar is known to be the first muslim empire to unite the muslims and the hindus and marrying a hindu woman Shahjahan is nown in history fir building the world famous minument tajmahal. Declining of the mughal : Declining of the mughal slaAurangazeb’s reign begins the decline of mughalindia he was an orthodox muslim who reinstituted the jizyahand attempted to conquer the deccan. Slide 51: The British East India Company: 1700 - 1947 British East India Company Agents : British East India Company Agents 1-E Coins of the British East India Co. : Coins of the British East India Co. 1719 coin 1804 coin Coffee House in British India : Coffee House in British India Sepoy soldiers : Sepoy soldiers 1-F Why wasBritainso successfulin Indiaby the endof the 18c?? : Why wasBritainso successfulin Indiaby the endof the 18c?? 1-I Sir Warren Hastings : Sir Warren Hastings r. 1773 - 1784 India in mid-18c : India in mid-18c Lord Cornwallis : Lord Cornwallis r. 1786 - 1793 1-J Lord Bentinck : Lord Bentinck r. 1828 - 1835 1-K British Soldiers in India, 1830s : British Soldiers in India, 1830s British Opium Warehouse in Patna, India : British Opium Warehouse in Patna, India Selling Patna Opium in China Lord Dalhousie : Lord Dalhousie r. 1848 - 1856 1-L India: 18c-early 19c : India: 18c-early 19c Execution of Sepoys:“The Devil’s Wind” : Execution of Sepoys:“The Devil’s Wind” Slide 66: The Raj: "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire 1876: Queen Victoria Becomes “Empress of India” : 1876: Queen Victoria Becomes “Empress of India” 2-D Queen Victoria in India : Queen Victoria in India PAX BRITANNICA Bengal Medical Service, 1860 : Bengal Medical Service, 1860 A LifeofLeisure! : A LifeofLeisure! Chartered Bank of Calcutta, 1915 : Chartered Bank of Calcutta, 1915 Vasco da gama : Vasco da gama Why vasco da gama discovered india? : Why vasco da gama discovered india? What were the BENEFITS of British rule in India?? : What were the BENEFITS of British rule in India?? 2-F Slide 75: The Rise of Indian Nationalism the Indian National Congress : the Indian National Congress 1885 The Indian National Congress was founded in Bombay. swaraj “independence.” * the goal of the movement. Jawaharlal nehru : Jawaharlal nehru 1889 - 1964 the Muslim League : the Muslim League 1905 partition of Bengal based on religions and languages. 1906 creation of the Muslim League. Mohammed Ali Jinnah : Mohammed Ali Jinnah 1876 - 1948 Young Mohandas K. Gandhi, 1876 : Young Mohandas K. Gandhi, 1876 1869 - 1948 Salt March, 1930 : Salt March, 1930 MakingSalt Gandhi spinning cloth : Gandhi spinning cloth Indian weaving was ruined by the competition of British machine-made textiles! Slide 83: The End of the Raj: August 15, 1947 Last Viceroy of India : Last Viceroy of India Lord Louis & Lady Edwina Montbatten Partition! : Partition! References cited: : References cited: http://www.pppst.com http://www.indianhistory.com http://www.geocites.com http://en.wikipedia.org http://www.britishindia.com thank you : thank you By: : By: Amzad ali . E You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.