MATHS METHODOLOGY: MATHS METHODOLOGY TEACHING AIDS & MATHEMATICS LABORATORY. Presented By Amruta V. Apte Topics to cover.: Topics to cover. Mathematical teaching aids. Mathematics Laboratory. Why to study these topics? Why do we need to know about teaching aids for maths and mathematics laboratory? Introduction : Introduction Maths is just not the subject of calculations, problems and theorems. It can be made easy and interesting with the help of teaching aids like other subjects. It can be also learned in laboratory. Teaching aids can be audio, visual, or models. Our idea about maths lab is not clear. Mathematics laboratory does not have chemicals and glass apparatus like science lab but can have models and some other equipments like science lab which are useful in learning mathematics. What are mathematical teaching aids?: What are mathematical teaching aids? The instruments, tools, equipments and different material used for teaching and learning of maths in a better way are called as mathematical teaching aids. Ex- blocks, geometry box, calculator, shapes, beads,slate etc. Mathematical teaching Aids: Mathematical teaching Aids Need and Importance of teaching aids. Maths is essentially a subject, where doing is more important and prominent than reading. Some students may think that it is a dry and difficult subject, full of abstract thinking. So students take little interest. To create necessary interest in students demands use of teaching aids at every step while teaching maths. To make maths easy and understandable. To give sense of abstract things teaching aids are helpful. We make use of different sense organs while learning with teaching aids so more effective learning. ex- make use of CD for learning tables. Mathematical teaching Aids: Mathematical teaching Aids Teaching Aids have two categories. Personal Equipments.—Used on personal level. Equipments used in groups and provided in school. Personal Equipments- May include Text Books Writing Equipments Drawing instruments– pencil, crayons, sketch pens, stencils etc. Measuring instruments– Ruler, Protractor etc. Slide rule Log tables Calculators. Cds , computer, radio, TV etc. Mathematical teaching Aids: Mathematical teaching Aids Aids used in group: Blocks. Beads. Cubes. Dominoes . Cards. Dice. 2D, 3D shapes. Blackboard. Charts. Fractional parts. Number kit. Radio, TV, CDS, DVDS etc. Personal Equipments of the students: Personal Equipments of the students These equipments include instruments which the child has to frequently use for his individual use. ex- Geometry box- ruler, pencil, compass, calculator etc. These equipments are not very expensive, simple to use. Students should have their own personal equipments in the class while learning maths especially Geometry. Teacher should emphasize on bringing own instruments instead of borrowing as it is time consuming and lazy habit for students. Mathematical teaching Aids: Mathematical teaching Aids Mathematical teaching Aids: Mathematical teaching Aids Mathematical teaching Aids very useful for teacher in explaining.: Mathematical teaching Aids very useful for teacher in explaining. Mathematical teaching Aids 2D, 3D shapes.: Mathematical teaching Aids 2D, 3D shapes. Geometrical instruments: Geometrical instruments Can we make maths more interesting and easy using all these teaching aids?: Can we make maths more interesting and easy using all these teaching aids? Mathematics Laboratory.: Mathematics Laboratory. The laboratory which is well equipped with mathematical instruments and tools required to teach and learn mathematics in the classroom. A mathematical lab act as a place for teachers and the students to perform a number of mathematical celebrations and recreational activities. Mathematics Laboratory is a place where students can learn and explore mathematical concepts and verify mathematical facts and theorems through a variety of activities using different materials. These activities may be carried out by the teacher or the student to explore, to learn, to stimulate interest and develop favourable towards mathematics. Mathematics Laboratory.: Mathematics Laboratory. Mathematics is not listed among the laboratory subjects. It does not require any special arrangement and apparatus like science laboratory. All the schools are not having maths laboratory as it is not commonly used for maths learning. Sometimes personal equipments are sufficient for learning . Requirements for mathematics laboratory. Some place for storage and set up is prerequisite of mathematics laboratory. Some almirahs racks cupboards and tables and a room to store and stock the articles before any purchase of the thing is made. Without storage units the material will remain scattered, unarranged and exposed to dust not easy to find when required. Mathematics Laboratory.: Mathematics Laboratory. Mathematics Laboratory.: Mathematics Laboratory. Mathematics Laboratory.: Mathematics Laboratory. Mathematics Laboratory.: Mathematics Laboratory. NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF MATHEMATICAL LABORATORY.: NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF MATHEMATICAL LABORATORY. Need: Mathematics being a compulsory subject of study. Access to quality mathematics education is every child's right. Mathematics education in our schools is beset with problems, due to the hierarchy of concepts and largely deductive and abstract nature of the subject. Mathematics is considered as a very dull and difficult subject. A phobia has been created in the minds of the children that mathematics is tough to learn. As a result, most of the students are not taking interest in the subject and it has become one of the main cause of student's failure in mathematics. NEED and IMPORTANCE of Mathematical Laboratory : NEED and IMPORTANCE of Mathematical Laboratory Importance: It enables the student to learn mathematics with the help of concrete objects and to exhibit the relatedness of mathematics with every day life. It helps the students to verify or discover some geometric properties using models & measurements. It provides opportunity for students to understand and internalize the basic mathematical concepts through concrete objects and situations. It helps the students to build interest and confidence in learning the subject. NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF MATHEMATICAL LABORATORY. : NEED AND IMPORTANCE OF MATHEMATICAL LABORATORY. It provides greater scope for individual participation in the process of learning and becoming autonomous learners. It provides scope for greater involvement of both the mind and the hand which facilitates cognition. It enables the teacher to demonstrate, explain and reinforce abstract mathematical ideas by using concrete objects, models, charts, graphs, pictures, posters etc. The main aim of the mathematics laboratory is to initiate children to enjoy mathematics, pose and solve meaningful problems. Teaching Aids and their uses: Teaching Aids and their uses Blackboard: This is the first and foremost of all the items of mathematical equipments. It must be there even if anything is not there. This is the minimum equipment which help to display diagrams ,solutions for problems in steps, gives concrete idea about figures and objects. Without which maths can’t be taught. Number kit: It consists of a set of wooden blocks. Each block is of different colour and is labelled with a numeral. Used to learn tables, additions , subtractions etc. Blocks : With different pictures and numbers. Used to solve puzzles. Teaching Aids and their uses: Teaching Aids and their uses HOME ASSIGNMENT: Find out information about different teaching aids used for maths teaching and their uses. Write one lesson plan for one topic with and without teaching aids. Conduct the lesson in your group and find out difference in learning by both methods. THANK YOU FOR PATIENT LISTENING.: THANK YOU FOR PATIENT LISTENING.