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See all Premium member Presentation Transcript Celebrate Your Freedom to Read: Celebrate Your Freedom to Read Develop Yourself: Expose Your Mind to a Banned Book National Banned Books Week September 25th – October 2nd Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. : Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. The Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution was ratified on December 15, 1791 The First Amendment of the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution Why Banned Book Week?: Why Banned Book Week? More About Why?: More About Why? Banned Books Week Message: Banned Books Week Message “The books that the world calls immoral are the books that show the world its own shame.”: 'The books that the world calls immoral are the books that show the world its own shame.' - Oscar Wilde Damage of Fear: Damage of Fear Damage of Fear: Damage of Fear “The ultimate expression of free speech lies not in the ideas with which we agree, but in those ideas that offend and irritate us.” : 'The ultimate expression of free speech lies not in the ideas with which we agree, but in those ideas that offend and irritate us.' - Chuck Stone Why Are Books Challenged?: Why Are Books Challenged? Why Are Books Challenged?: Why Are Books Challenged? “Books and ideas are the most effective weapons against intolerance and ignorance.”: 'Books and ideas are the most effective weapons against intolerance and ignorance.' - Lyndon B. Johnson Who Challenges Books?: Who Challenges Books? Throughout history, more and different kinds of people than you might first suppose, and groups of all persuasions, have for all sorts of reasons, attempted—and continue to attempt—to suppress literature and other forms of expression that conflict with their own beliefs. Who Challenges Books?: Who Challenges Books? “Fear of corrupting the mind of the younger generation is the loftiest form of cowardice.”: 'Fear of corrupting the mind of the younger generation is the loftiest form of cowardice.' - Holbrook Jackson Challenge vs. Banning: Challenge vs. Banning A banning is the actual removal of those materials from the curriculum or library, thereby restricting the access of others. A challenge is an attempt to remove or restrict materials, based upon the objections of a person or group. Challenge vs. Banning: Challenge vs. Banning Challenges go beyond the exercise of free speech. They are an attempt to remove materials from the curriculum or library, thereby restricting the rights of others. The positive message of Banned Books Week is that, due to the commitment of librarians, teachers, parents, students and other concerned citizens, most challenges are unsuccessful and most materials are retained in the school curriculum or library collection. Challenge List Tabulation: Challenge List Tabulation “The right to be heard does not automatically include the right to be taken seriously.”: 'The right to be heard does not automatically include the right to be taken seriously.' - Hubert H. Humphrey 10 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 2000: 10 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 2000 10. The Giver, by Lois Lowry, for being sexually explicit, occult themes and violence. 9. The Terrorist, by Caroline Cooney, for violence, being unsuited to age group and occult themes. 8. Scary Stories series, by Alvin Schwartz, for violence, being unsuited to age group and occult themes. 7. Fallen Angels, by Walter Dean Myers, for offensive language, racism, violence and being unsuited to age group. 6. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, by Maya Angelou, for being too explicit in the book’s portrayal of rape and other sexual abuse. 10 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 2000: 10 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 2000 5. Of Mice and Men, by John Steinbeck, for offensive language, racism, violence and being unsuited to age group. 4. Killing Mr. Griffin, by Lois Duncan, for violence and sexual content 3. Alice series, by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor, for sexual content and being unsuited to age group. 2. The Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier (the 'Most Challenged' fiction book of 1998), for violence, offensive language and being unsuited to age group. The Most Frequently Challenged Book of 2000: The Most Frequently Challenged Book of 2000 Harry Potter series, by J.K. Rowling, (the 'Most Challenged' fiction book of 1998), for occult/Satanism and anti-family themes. NOTE: According to the American Library Association’s (ALA) Office for Intellectual Freedom, Harry Potter first entered the list last year, rising to the top after only three months. The number of challenges to Harry Potter reported in 2000 is triple that of 1999. “Don’t join the book burners. Don’t think you are going to conceal thoughts by concealing evidence that they ever existed.”: 'Don’t join the book burners. Don’t think you are going to conceal thoughts by concealing evidence that they ever existed.' - Dwight D. Eisenhower Most Challenged Authors of 2000: Most Challenged Authors of 2000 Please note that the most frequently challenged authors may not appear in the list of most frequently challenged books. For example, if every one of Judy Blume’s books was challenged–but only once–not one of her books would make the top 10 list, but she herself would make the most challenged author list. J.K. Rowling Robert Cormier Lois Duncan Piers Anthony Walter Dean Myers Phyllis Reynolds Naylor John Steinbeck Maya Angelou Christopher Pike Caroline Cooney Alvin Schwartz Lois Lowry Harry Allard Paul Zindel Judy Blume “Censorship reflects a society’s lack of confidence in itself. It is the hallmark of an authoritarian regime…”: 'Censorship reflects a society’s lack of confidence in itself. It is the hallmark of an authoritarian regime…' - Justice Potter Stewart Slide26: Are you there God? It’s me, Margaret.: Are you there God? It’s me, Margaret. Challenged in many libraries but removed from Gilbert, AZ elementary school libraries (1980), and ordered that parental consent be required to check out this title from the junior high school libraries. Was said to be profane, immoral, and offensive. By Judy Blume The Clan of the Cave Bear: The Clan of the Cave Bear Challenged at the Berrien Springs, MI High School for use in classrooms and libraries (1998) because the novel is 'vulgar, profane, and sexually explicit.' Banned from Cascade Middle school Library in Eugene, OR (1992) because a parent complained about a rape scene. By Jean M. Auel To Kill a Mockingbird: To Kill a Mockingbird By Harper Lee Challenged in many communities for language and racial themes. Temporarily banned in Eden Valley, MN (1977) due to the words 'damn' and 'whore lady' used in the novel. Banned from the Lincoln, TX AP reading list (1996) because the book 'conflicted with the values of the community.' Slaughterhouse-Five: Slaughterhouse-Five By Kurt Vonnegut Banned in Rochester, MI, because the novel 'contains and makes references to religious matters' and thus fell with the ban of establishment clause. Challenged in many communities but burned (yes, burned) in Drake, ND (1973) for being 'vulgar and offensive.' Where the Sidewalk Ends: Where the Sidewalk Ends By Shel Silverstein Challenged in Xenia, OH school libraries (1983) because the book is 'anti-Christian, against parental and school authorities, emphasized the use of drugs and sexual activity.' Removed from the shelves of Minot, ND public school libraries (1986) by the assistant superintendent 'in anticipation of a parent’s complaint.' Upon the recommendation of a review committee the book was returned to the shelves. Song of Solomon: Song of Solomon By Toni Morrison Removed from the required reading lists and library shelves in Richmond County, GA School District (1994) after a parent complained the passages from the book were 'filthy and inappropriate.' Challenged, but retained, in the Columbus, OH schools (1993). The complainant believed that the book contains language degrading to blacks, and is sexually explicit. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer By Mark Twain Excluded from the children’s room in the Brooklyn Public Library (1876) and the Denver Public Library (1876). Removed from school libraries in London, England, by education officials (1985) who found it 'racist' and 'sexist.' Confiscated at the U.S.S.R. border (1930). Blubber: Blubber By Judy Blume Challenged in the Perry Township, OH elementary school libraries (1991) because in the book, 'bad is never punished. Good never comes to the fore. Evil is Triumphant.' Banned at the Clements High School in Athens, AL (1998) because of objections to two instances of the word 'damn' and one instance of the word 'bitch' in the novel. Flowers for Algernon: Flowers for Algernon By Daniel Keyes Banned in Plant City, FL (1976) and Emporium, PA (1977) because of references to sex. Challenged, but retained, in the Yorktown, VA Schools (1996) because a parent complained about profanity and references to sex and drinking in the novel. Removed from the ninth grade curriculum by the Rayburn, GA County Board of Education (1997) because it was 'inappropriate' for the ninth grade. The Color Purple: The Color Purple Banned in the Souderton, PA Area School District (1992) as inappropriate for tenth graders because it is 'smut.' By Alice Walker Retained as an English Course reading assignment in the Junction City, OR High School (1995) after a challenge to Walker’s Pulitzer Prize- winning novel caused months of controversy. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: Adventures of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain Banned in Concord, MA (1885) as 'trash and suitable only for the slums.' Dropped from the New York City (1905) list of approved books for senior and junior high schools, partly because of the frequent use of the term 'nigger.' The Pennsylvania NAACP called for the removal of the book from required reading lists (1998) across the state because of racial language. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings: I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings By Maya Angelou Four members of the Alabama State Textbook Committee (1983) called for its rejection because Angelou’s work preaches 'bitterness and hatred against whites.' Banned from the Dolores Parrott Middle School in Brooksville, FL school library and classrooms (1998) because of a passage in which Angelou tells of being molested and raped as a child. Of Mice and Men: Of Mice and Men By John Steinbeck Banned from classroom use at the Scottsboro, AL (1983) due to profanity. Removed and later returned to the Suwannee, FL High School Library (1991) because the book is 'indecent.' Removed, restored, restricted, and eventually retained in the Bay County schools in Panama City, FL. (1997) Catcher in the Rye: Catcher in the Rye By J.D. Salinger Since its publication, this title has been a favorite target of censors. Banned from classrooms at the Boron, CA High School (1989) because the book contains profanity. Removed from the required reading curriculum of Marysville, CA Joint Unified School District (1997) because of profanity and sexual situations . Where’s Waldo?: Where’s Waldo? By Martin Handford Challenged at the Public Libraries of Saginaw, MI (1998) because 'on some of the pages there are dirty things.' Removed from the Springs Public Library in East Hampton, NY (1993) because there is a tiny drawing of a woman lying on the beach wearing a bikini bottom but no top. 100 Years of Solitude: 100 Years of Solitude By Gabriel Garcia-Marquez Purged from the book list for the use at the Wasco, CA Union High School (1986) because the book, whose author won the 1982 Nobel Prize for Literature, was 'garbage being passed off as literature.' Removed from the AP English reading list at St. Johns High School in Darlington, SC (1990) because of profane language. The Merchant of Venice: The Merchant of Venice By William Shakespeare Eliminated from the high school curricula of Buffalo and Manchester, NY (1931) for anti-Semitism. Banned from ninth-grade classrooms in Kitchener-Waterloo, Ont. until the Ontario Education Ministry or Human Rights Commission (1986) rules whether the play is anti-Semitic. Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary: Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary Removed from classrooms in Carlsbad, NM (1982) because the dictionary includes definitions of 'obscene' words. Challenged In the Upper Pittsgrove Township, NJ (1989) because the definition of sexual intercourse was objectionable. Little House on the Prairie: Little House on the Prairie By Laura Ingalls Wilder Banned in Sturgis, SD elementary school classrooms (1993) due to statements considered derogatory to Native Americans. Challenged at the Lafourche Parish elementary school libraries in Thibodaux, LA (1993) because the book is 'offensive to Indians.' Death of a Salesman: Death of a Salesman By Arthur Miller Banned from English classes at Spring Valley Community High School in French Lick, IN (1981) because of profanity. Challenged, but retained, at Egyptian High School in Tamms, IL (1997). The play was considered offensive by some because of 'profanity.' Ulysses: Ulysses By James Joyce Banned from the United States as obscene for 15 years and seized by the U.S. Postal Authorities in 1918 and 1930. The ban was lifted in 1933, after advocates fought for the right to publish the book. Burned in the U.S. (1918), Ireland (1922), Canada (1922), England (1923) More Banned Books: More Banned Books Some Challenged Books: Some Challenged Books Learn More Here : Learn More Here Banned Books Week Sponsors: Banned Books Week Sponsors Presentation created by Kelly Sonnanstine – FGCU Library Services You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.