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DO YOU KNOW WHAT TO DO IF YOU SEE THIS? Tornado Safety Command Safety Office JRTC & Fort Polk Janet Dorothy

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Tornadoes form from extreme thunderstorms. These are called “super cells”. The super cells which produce tornadoes form in an unstable atmosphere when cold dry polar air meets warm moist tropical air. BEWARE OF CHANGING WEATHER CONDITIONS Listen to the local radio station, or watch the Weather Channel for up-to-date watches and warnings.

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WATCHES & WARNINGS WATCHES: Tornadoes are possible in your area. Remain alert for approaching storms. WARNINGS: A tornado has been sighted or indicated by weather radar. If a tornado warning is issued for your area, move to your designated place of safety.

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WHAT TO DO IF YOU ARE IN A: House without a basement: Go to a small room or center hallway of the lowest floor. Cover yourself with a table or mattress to protect yourself from flying debris. Mobile home: Get out immediately. Go to a shelter or nearest solid building. Vehicle: Get out immediately. If possible move your vehicle at right angles away from the storm. Never try to outrun a tornado. Do not get under an overpass or bridge, getting into a ditch or low flat area is safer. Outside: Seek shelter in a sturdy building or lay down and face the ground. Get into a ditch or depression if possible. Commercial building: Find an enclosed area without windows in the center of the building. Cover yourself with whatever you can to protect yourself from debris. School: Follow the drill, pay attention to instructions from the teachers and move quickly and quietly. Church: Move in an orderly manner to an interior room away from windows or lay low under the pews.

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EMERGENCY KIT: Inside of a large Rubbermaid or similar container you should have the following: Flashlight with extra batteries, battery-operated radio, non-perishable food, a non-electric can opener, first aid kit, candles and matches (or a lighter), battery operated lantern, drinking water, and work gloves. You may want to keep a separate container with extra clothing and personal hygiene items. Remember to check your containers routinely to ensure the batteries are not outdated and keep the drinking water fresh. Make sure everyone in your household knows where these containers are stored.

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EMERGENCY PLAN Every household should have an emergency plan. It does not have to be written, however it should be discussed and understood. Remember to take care of your pets as they are also victims of these storms. Store your emergency kit as close to your safe location as possible. Keep fresh batteries for the flashlights and radio. DO NOT put them in until needed. If time is available use sturdy tables and mattresses to build a shelter around you to protect yourself from flying debris. Try to remain calm. If your phone is still working, call your local police or fire station and give them your address. They may already know that the storm is headed your way, but it helps emergency responders to locate you quickly. Be alert to the changing weather conditions. If you see approaching storms be prepared to take shelter immediately. Stay in your shelter until the storm has passed.

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Identify ahead of time where you could go if you are told to evacuate. Choose several places--a friend's home, in another town, a motel, or a shelter. Notify local law enforcement where you intend to go so they can account for you after the storm passes. 3. Keep the telephone numbers of these places handy as well as a road map of your locality. 4. You may need to take alternative or unfamiliar routes if major roads are closed or clogged. SHOULD YOU HAVE TO EVACUATE

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Listen to NOAA Weather Radio or local radio or TV stations for evacuation instructions. If advised to evacuate, do so immediately. Take these items with you when evacuating: Prescription medications and medical supplies Bedding and clothing, including sleeping bags and pillows Bottled water Battery-operated radio and extra batteries First aid kit Flashlight Car keys and maps Documents, including driver’s license, Social Security card, proof of residence, insurance policies, wills, deeds, birth and marriage certificates, tax records, etc. SHOULD YOU HAVE TO EVACUATE

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Compared with other States, Louisiana ranks number 11 for frequency of Tornadoes, 13 for number of deaths, 16 for injuries and 15 for cost of damages. When we compare these statistics to other States by the frequency per square mile, Louisiana ranks number 5 for the frequency of tornadoes, number 11 for fatalities, number 12 for injuries per area, and number 10 for costs per area. In 1970 Louisiana had a population of 3,644,637 and between 1950 and 1995 had 1,137 tornadoes. The population in 1970 divided by the number of tornadoes equals 3,205. This ranks Louisiana number 14 in the ratio of tornadoes to population. Louisiana had 134 fatalities between 1950 and 1995. Compared to other states it ranked 13. The risk of death in any one year is 1 in 1,223,945. This ranks Louisiana as number 9 for the risk of death by tornado. Between 1950 and 1995 the state had 2,191 injuries involving tornadoes. This ranks the state number 16 among the States for injury. The risk of injury in any one year is 1 in 74,856. When we divide the population by the number of injuries, the State ranks number 9. Tornado History of Louisiana Based on data from 1950 - 1995

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Louisiana Tornadoes           Amazing Media: Web Advertising YOU Control! Vernon Parish Tornado History Based on data from 1950 - 1995 Total: 24 Deaths: 9 Injuries: 48 Highest F Scale: F4, at 0100 on December 3, 1953 resulted in 7 deaths and 20 injuries More information can be found at: www.spc.noaa.gov/faq/tornado/safety.html

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Blue dots = winds, strong and damaging Green dots = damaging hail Red dots = tornados Red lines = straight line winds at F force strength

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Knowing what to do and where to go will save your life and the lives of your family. Fort Polk’s Emergency Preparedness tests the emergency sirens on a monthly basis. The test days (usually on a Tuesday) and times are announced in the Guardian. Should you hear the sirens at any other time, turn on your TV to the weather channel, Polk Channel or your radio to find out the current situation. Once you are certain of the weather status, take the appropriate actions. The Command Safety Office wishes you a safe stay at JRTC & Fort Polk

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