The National Flag: Our National Flag consists of two equal horizontal sections, red above white. In the upper left canton is a white crescent moon beside five white stars within a circle.
The features of the flag were not arbitrarily chosen—each feature has its own distinctive meaning and significance:
red symbolizes brotherhood and equality of man;
white signifies pervading and everlasting purity and virtue;
the crescent moon represents a young nation on the ascendant; and
the five stars stand for the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. The National Flag
The National Coat of Arms (State Crest): The National Coat of Arms (State Crest) The State Crest consists of a shield emblazoned with a white crescent moon and five white stars against a red background.
Red is symbolic of universal brotherhood and equality of man, and white signifies pervading and everlasting purity and virtue.
The five stars represent the five ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. Supporting the shield are a lion on the left and a tiger on the right.
Below the shield is a banner inscribed with the Republic's motto, Majulah Singapura.
The lion represents Singapore itself and the tiger, the island's historical links with Malaysia.
The Singapore Lion Symbol: The Singapore Lion Symbol The lion, from which the name Singapore was derived, symbolises courage, strength and excellence.
It is in solid red against a white background - the colours of the National Flag.
Its mane's five partings, representing the five ideals - democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality - are as embodied in the five stars of the National Flag.
The lion's tenacious mien symbolises the nation's single-minded resolve to face any challenges and overcome any obstacles.
The National Flower: The National Flower Vanda Miss Joaquim was chosen as Singapore’s national flower from among 40 other contenders, including some 30 orchids.
It was selected particularly because of its hardy and resilient qualities and its ability to bloom throughout the year.
These are characteristics which reflect Singapore’s quest for progress and excellence in all aspects of life.
The Pledge: The Pledge We, the citizens of Singapore, pledge ourselves as one united people, regardless of race, language or religion, to build a democratic society based on justice and equality so as to achieve happiness, prosperity and progress for our nation.
The National Anthem: The National Anthem MAJULAH SINGAPURA* Mari kita rakyat Singapura Sama-sama menuju bahagia Cita-cita kita yang mulia Berjaya Singapura Marilah kita bersatu Dengan semangat yang baru Semua kita berseru Majulah Singapura Majulah Singapura
* The anthem was composed in Malay.