Pro Active Problem Solving

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Presentation Transcript

Pro-Active Problem Solving: 

Pro-Active Problem Solving How to Avoid and Handle Plant Injury Problems By Joanne Kick-Raack, State Coordinator Pesticide Education Program Ohio State University Extension

Handling Complaints: 

Handling Complaints Simplest method to deal with complaints is to prevent them Evaluate the application site Review and adjust for potential problems Continuously monitor the application Respond quickly and appropriately to concerns

Pro-Active Problem Solving: 

Pro-Active Problem Solving Sprayer maintenance Calibration Application techniques Mix/rinse/fill procedures Disposal Protective Equipment Record keeping Communication

Cleaning Field Sprayers to Avoid Crop Injury: 

Cleaning Field Sprayers to Avoid Crop Injury

Why is cleaning field sprayers so important?: 

Why is cleaning field sprayers so important? New pesticides are highly active in low amounts They can be redissolved with later contact with other herbicides, their solvents or spray adjuvants

Examples: 

Examples Switching from Round-up on beans to a post-emergent application on corn Switching from 2,4-D etc. on corn to Round-up on beans

General Sprayer Clean-up Procedures: 

General Sprayer Clean-up Procedures Fill for the day and end with an empty tank Carry 50-100 gal.of fresh water for rinsing Flush the system in the field immediately after use and apply to the application site consistent with the label Don’t discharge solution in a small area Select a location that is away from water supplies, streams Do apply so that puddling or run-off cannot occur

Sprayer Cleanout Between Crops—Step 1: 

Sprayer Cleanout Between Crops—Step 1 Add ½ tank fresh water and flush tanks, lines, booms, nozzles for > 5 min. using a combination of agitation and spraying Wear protective equipment Rinse inside surfaces of tank – be sure to get areas around baffles and tank fixtures

Sprayer Cleanout Between Crops—Step 2: 

Sprayer Cleanout Between Crops—Step 2 Fill the tank with fresh water and add cleaning solution and agitate for 15 minutes. Operate booms to ensure all nozzles and boom lines are filled with cleaning solution. Let solution stand for several hours or overnight. Add more water and rinse again. Remove nozzles, strainers and clean separately Rinse and flush system again

Cleaning Solutions : 

Cleaning Solutions Should be selected based on the herbicide and formulation to be cleaned. Dilution, solubilization, and deactivation Add one of following to each 50 gals. water 2 qts. Household ammonia (let stand overnight for growth regulator herbicides such as 2,4-D, Banvel, Clarity 4 lbs. Trisodium phosphate cleaner detergent

Caution!: 

Caution! All sprayer components must be cleaned Lowest point of the system should have a drain If not, remaining solution may be problem

Minimize Drift: 

Minimize Drift Drift is the “ Number One”complaint to the Ohio Department of Agriculture as the result of agricultural spraying.

Drift/Non-Target Application: 

Drift/Non-Target Application No person shall apply a pesticide: -to an area or a crop in such a manner or at such time that he will contaminate adjacent crops, pasture land, other area or water -at such time or under such conditions that the wind velocity will cause the pesticide to drift and cause damage

Remember…: 

Remember… ODA does issue penalties to farmers Civil penalties $200-$400 If take lab samples, costs can range from $800-$2000 Also, ODA begins looking at other aspects of operation when out there If damage is > $500, you are required to report

Preplan Your Application : 

Preplan Your Application Evaluate application site and adjacent area Wells Lakes, ponds, streams, ditches, waterways Gardens Sensitive crops or ornamentals Identify neighbors

Considerations for Problem Sites: 

Considerations for Problem Sites Use of buffer zones or setbacks Wind speed, direction Temperature and humidity Nozzle selection Product volatility Product potential for damage & alternatives Drift control agents

Responding to Complaints: 

Responding to Complaints Respond immediately and in person Listen! Don’t argue Provide a list of products applied (labels) Agree to follow up ---and do it! Document the complaint Don’t make promises you or insurance won’t keep

Risk Generalizations: 

Risk Generalizations Two key elements of risk perception Familiarity Control Facts do not control risk perception The public is not looking for zero risk

Risk Communication: 

Risk Communication The primary objective is to build trust not change public opinion about the size of the risk.

Ohio Requirements for Private Applicator Record keeping: 

Ohio Requirements for Private Applicator Record keeping Record applications of all restricted use pesticides (RUP’s) Keep records for 3 years Record information on the day of application

Ohio Requirements for Private Applicator Record keeping: 

Ohio Requirements for Private Applicator Record keeping If renting land, record must be made available to landowner within 30 days of the request Information must be provided to attending health care professionals Custom applicator may keep records for you

Private Applicator Pesticide Application Records: 

Private Applicator Pesticide Application Records Certified applicator (name, address, certification number) Brand name, formulation, EPA registration number Total amount and rate of application Crop treated Target pest

Private Applicator Pesticide Application Records: 

Private Applicator Pesticide Application Records 7. Month, day, year of application 8. Type of application equipment 9. Method of application (preemerge etc.) 10. Weather conditions: air temperature, wind speed and direction

Reasons to Keep Application Records: 

Reasons to Keep Application Records Improve management decisions—what works and what doesn’t Improve crop rotation decisions Prevent future pesticide failures Provide safeguard in case of claims of drift or injury Substantiates product guarantee claims

Reasons to Keep Application Records: 

Reasons to Keep Application Records Saves Money Helps secure funding by providing environmental liability records Meets buyer requirements Respond to food and water safety questions Aids in emergency medical treatment Provides data to support pesticide use

Damage Control: 

Damage Control Proper tank clean-out Thoughtful Applications Good records Good neighbor communications

Handling Complaints: 

Handling Complaints Act concerned!! Take the time to talk rationally with them Don’t just say, “It will be all right don’t worry”

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