constructivism

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Explore,Engage...5E of constructivism

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By: swapankumar (58 month(s) ago)

can you pl share the ppts on construcivism? i need it for a presentation. prof s k sarkar,SoE, NSOU, Kolkata

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Namita S. Sahare Tilak College of Education, PUNE-30:

Namita S. Sahare Tilak College of Education, PUNE-30 Constructivism.  The philosophy about learning, that proposes learners need to build their own understanding of new ideas, has been labeled constructivism. Much has been researched and written by many eminent leaders in the fields of learning theory and cognition. Scholars such as Jean Piaget, Eleanor Duckworth, George Hein, and Howard Gardener have explored these ideas in-depth.

Meaning-:

Meaning- The verb "to construct" comes from the Latin con struere = to arrange or give structure. Ongoing structuring (organizing) processes are the conceptual heart of constructivism.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Construction of knowledge is an active process involving mental actions of the learner. Constructivism views learning as something experienced, created & discovered(Snyder, Bolin & Zumwalt,1992) Knowledge is the result of active construction built by the learner within social context that shapes and constraints that knowledge but does not determine it in an absolute sense(Applebee and Purves,1992)

PowerPoint Presentation:

Constructivism is basically a theory -- based on observation and scientific study -- about how people learn. It says that people construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. When we encounter something new, we have to reconcile it with our previous ideas and experience, maybe changing what we believe, or maybe discarding the new information as irrelevant. The constructivist teacher sets up problems and monitors student exploration, guides the direction of student inquiry and promotes new patterns of thinking.

Information processing and Metacognition:

Information processing and Metacognition

Jean piaget & Lev Vigotsky:

Jean piaget & Lev Vigotsky "cognitive constructivism" which is about how the individual learner understands things, in terms of  developmental stages  and  learning styles , and "social constructivism", which emphasises how meanings and understandings grow out of social encounters—see Vygotsky below. In this sense,  conversational theories  of learning fit into the constructivist framework. 

Modern Constructivism: Jerome Bruner most recent contributor :

Modern Constructivism: Jerome Bruner most recent contributor 1966-1990 Has incorporated social and cognitive aspects These ideas originated from a conference for math and science learning Instruction must be concerned with experiences and contexts that make students willing & able to learn (readiness) Must be structured so it is easily grasped (spiral organization) Should be designed to facilitate extrapolation or “fill in the gaps” (going beyond information given)

During the math and science conference, a modified lesson plan was developed with Bruner’s assistance: The five E’s : :

During the math and science conference, a modified lesson plan was developed with Bruner’s assistance: The five E’s : Engage - do this! Engage the students and get them interested in learning Ex: ask a question, define a problem, surprise them, use problematic situations Explore - Get the students directly involved in the material Have them work in teams Act as a facilitator Use their inquiry to drive the process

Explain Elaborate:

Explain Elaborate Explanations come from: -Students working together -Teacher introducing concepts and vocabulary for experiences Example: magnets-attracting force This is also the time for the teacher to determine levels of understanding and clarify misconceptions Drawing, writing and video are great tools to help the teacher assess development and growth Students expand on concepts learned Make connections Apply understandings to own environment & world around them These connections lead to further inquiry & new understandings

Evaluate:

Evaluate On-going diagnostic process Can occur at all points of the instructional process -Examples: rubrics, teacher observation, student interviews, portfolios, project & problem based learning products, etc. Used to guide teacher in further planning of lessons May also be utilized by the students; (Feedback )

Engage, Explore, Explain , Elaborate, Evaluate:

Engage, Explore, Explain , Elaborate, Evaluate Learning is active Engage the students on their own cognitive level Make it interesting! Work in groups Act as a facilitator, not a record player Make learning cyclical. They should have more questions when the lesson is over!

How Constructivism Impacts Learning :

How Constructivism Impacts Learning Curriculum –Constructivism calls for the elimination of a standardized curriculum. it promotes using curricula customized to the students’ prior knowledge. it emphasizes hands-on problem solving. Instruction –Under the theory of constructivism, educators focus on making connections between facts and fostering new understanding in students. Instructors encourage students to analyze, interpret, and predict information. Teachers also rely heavily on open-ended questions and promote extensive dialogue among students. Assessment –Constructivism calls for the elimination of grades and standardized testing. Instead, assessment becomes part of the learning process so that students play a larger role in judging their own progress.

Engage, Explore, Explain , Elaborate, Evaluate:

Engage, Explore, Explain , Elaborate, Evaluate The method involves experimentation (where the students perform the experiment and discuss the results), Research project, Field Trips, Films, Class discussions. There should be a specific learning goal which may take the form of a question or issue, Case study, long term project or problems.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Constructivist Teaching Techniques advocates that learning should be build upon knowledge that a student already knows. The environment is kept democratic and the classes are interactive and student centric. The Maharashtra State Board of Education is introducing it at the SSC schools. The teachers are being trained to adopt this approach of learning. This approach of education is application based and engages children through projects and activities to explore the environment around them.

This learning approach as it relates to science can be summarized as follows: :

This learning approach as it relates to science can be summarized as follows: Learning something new, or attempting to understand something familiar in greater depth, is not a linear process. In trying to make sense of things we use both our prior experience and the first-hand knowledge gained from new explorations. Initially, our curiosity about a science topic is stirred, as we are stimulated by some intriguing phenomena, such as a rainbow, we've noticed.

Engage, Explore, Explain , Elaborate, Evaluate:

Engage, Explore, Explain , Elaborate, Evaluate As we begin to investigate new ideas we can put together bits and pieces of prior explorations that seem to fit our understanding of the phenomena under present investigation. In the case of the rainbow, for example, we may realize that there is an association between sunlight and water vapor. 

PowerPoint Presentation:

A consequence of one-way of transmitting knowledge (from the teacher to the students) induces a high level of dry memorization by the students. The reason behind it consists in the lack of development of quantitative and analytical skills that comes with the traditional lecturing. As side effects, the physical sciences are perceived as cryptic, difficult and requires a student to be "very smart"

Inquiry-Based Learning :

Inquiry-Based Learning To overcome such limitations, the physical science education community over the years has suggested that the "inquiry-based" learning provides a much more effective way of teaching the sciences because more it follows more closely the scientific method. This is indeed the true way of teaching problem-solving skills

Inquiry based teaching and learning can be defined as ::

Inquiry based teaching and learning can be defined as : A dynamic approach to learning that involves exploring the world, asking questions; making discoveries and rigorously testing those discoveries in the search for new understanding

Engage, Explore, Explain , Elaborate, Evaluate:

Engage, Explore, Explain , Elaborate, Evaluate In a typical inquiry-based session, the teacher proposes a set of problems for the students to analyze and discover. Such problems or questions are approached by the students through a continuous and systematic use of questioning by a mentor, usually the teacher

Why is constructivism important?:

Why is constructivism important? Fosters critical thinking Creates active and motivated learners Students are able to learn through constructing their own understandings This approach frees teachers to make decisions which enhance and enrich student’s development.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Classrooms are structured so that learners are immersed in experiences with in which they may engage in meaningful……… Inquiry Action Imagination Invention Interaction Hypothesizing Personal reflection

A constructivist approach contributes to one’s ability to observe and listen in the classroom.:

A constructivist approach contributes to one’s ability to observe and listen in the classroom. One should believe in teaching through constructivism because… * Allows for students to become engaged with one another * Children learn through own experiences based on their lives * Remember information down the road of life instead of memorization

"Students should be presented with real life problems and then helped to discover information required to solve them“ John Dewey:

"Students should be presented with real life problems and then helped to discover information required to solve them“ John Dewey T H A N X Namita S. Sahare Tilak College of Education, PUNE-30

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