pygmalion effect

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Educational psychology, compassion towards students

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Namita S. Sahare, TCE,PUNE,INDIA:

Namita S. Sahare, TCE,PUNE,INDIA The Pygmalion Effect Self-fulfilling Prophecy in the Classroom

The Pygmalion Effect:

The Pygmalion Effect Pygmalion was an ancient king who carved a beautiful female statue He loved the statue so much that she came to life

Self-fulfilling Prophecy:

Self-fulfilling Prophecy When one’s expectations for certain behavior in another person lead to that person behaving as expected The Pygmalion effect is self-fulfilling prophecy in the teacher/student relationship

The Pygmalion Effect:

The Pygmalion Effect A teacher’s high or low expectations eliciting high or low achievement from their students Also known as “teacher expectation effects” (Trouilloud, Sarrazin, Bressoux, & Bois, 2006)

How Does It Work?:

How Does It Work? A teacher has expectations for a student… …Which influences the student’s own perceived competence… …Which then affects the student’s level of achievement.

Pygmalion Effect Moderators:

Pygmalion Effect Moderators Factors that influence the Pygmalion effect: Teachers Students Context

Teachers’ Moderation:

Teachers’ Moderation Some teachers are more prone to treat students differently based on expectations “…When teachers’ expectations are expressed in salient differences in students’ treatment, conditions are ripe for stronger effects (Trouilloud et al., 2006, p. 77).”

Students’ Moderation:

Students’ Moderation Some students are more prone to be influenced by teacher expectations: Students in ethnic minorities Students from low socioeconomic backgrounds Students with poor previous achievement levels

Contextual Moderation:

Contextual Moderation Certain situations leave students more open to influence by teacher expectations: Transitions (e.g., from one school to another) Classrooms with large numbers and low resources

Studying The Pygmalion Effect:

Studying The Pygmalion Effect The Pygmalion effect is difficult to study Student achievement matches teacher expectations for reasons besides self-fulfilling prophecy The teacher’s expectations could simply be accurate The teacher is often responsible for assessing the student’s performance in school

References:

References Jussim, L. (1989). Teacher expectations: Self-fulfilling prophecies, perceptual biases, and accuracy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 469-480. Morris, C., & Maisto, A. (2008). Understanding psychology (8 th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. Trouilloud, D., Sarrazin, P., Bressoux, P., & Bois, J. (2006). Relation between teachers’ early expectations and students’ later perceived competence in physical education classes: Autonomy-supportive climate as a moderator. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98, 75-86.

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