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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript DISASTER MANAGEMENT: DISASTER MANAGEMENT PRESENTED BY : Annie Ahuja DISASTER MANGEMENT: DISASTER MANGEMENT WHAT IS DISASTER MANAGEMENT?: WHAT IS DISASTER MANAGEMENT? Disaster Management : disaster management) is the discipline of dealing with and avoiding risks. It is a discipline that involves preparing, supporting, and rebuilding society when natural or human-made disasters occur.Why We Need Disaster Management?: Why We Need Disaster Management? For Early Warning To foreseeing future disasters To Take prevention methods on reliable information To prohibit Natural disaster occurrence sources.PowerPoint Presentation: Hospitals are overwhelmed on the event of disaster.TYPES OF DISASTERS: TYPES OF DISASTERS Natural Disaster Manmade DisasterPowerPoint Presentation: A natural disaster is a consequence when a natural calamity affects humans and/or the built environment. Example- earthquakes, flood, etc. Manmade disasters are those which are caused due to human intervene. Example- building collapse NATURAL DISASTERS…: NATURAL DISASTERS… Cyclones volcanos Tsunami’s Earth quake’s NATURAL DISASTERS…: NATURAL DISASTERS… Cyclones - An atmospheric system characterized by the rapid inward circulation of air masses about a low-pressure center, usually accompanied by stormy, often destructive weather . volcano - is an opening, or rupture, in a planet's surface or crust, which allows hot magma, volcanic ash and gases to escape from below the surface . Earthquake- (also known as a quake , tremor or temblor ) is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. Tsunami- A tsunami is a series of water waves caused by the displacement of a large volume of a body of water, typically an ocean .For some natural disasters like floods and volcanos, advance warning may be there ; for other like earthquake and tsunami’s ,there is no warnings!!!: For some natural disasters like floods and volcanos, advance warning may be there ; for other like earthquake and tsunami’s ,there is no warnings!!! Man-made Disasters: Man-made Disasters Industrial accident chemical plant explosion Building collapse Terror attackPowerPoint Presentation: Chemical plant explosion- A release of mechanical, chemical, or nuclear energy in a sudden and often violent manner with the generation of high temperature and usually with the release of gases. Example- 14 people killed in eastern China chemical plant explosion . Industrial disasters which are disasters caused by industrial companies, either by accident, negligence or incompetence. They are a form of industrial accident where great damage, injury or loss of life are caused . Example – Bhopal Gas Tragedy Structural failure (BUILDING COLLAPSE) Refers to loss of the load -carrying capacity of a component or member within a structure or of the structure itself. Example- Tay Rail Bridge collapse when a train passed over it. Act of terrorism - the calculated use of violence (or the threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious in nature; this is done through instilling fear. : DURING DISASTER DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE PRE - DISASTER Preparation Mitigation Normal Phase Emergency Phase Rehabilitation Rescue & Relief Reconstruction Integration into NDP* POST- DISASTER1. Preparedness: : 1. Preparedness: A set of warning systems should be thought of, so that people are warned to take safety measures. Thus, more loss of life and property can be avoided. The warning systems may include: radio, television, loudspeakers, personal messages, beating of drums, bells, etc. The people must be educated to cope with a disaster. They should be taught to keep a survival kit.2. Response:: 2. Response: People should be informed of the disaster in time to avoid its serious consequences. Emergency contact and operation centres should be opened. Help the injured and the needy. Involve local people at all levels of activities. Temporary shelters should be provided for the affected. Medical camps should be set up. Rescue teams should be deployed to look for those who are missing.3. Rehabilitation:: 3. Rehabilitation: Essential services such as providing drinking water, transport, electricity, etc, should be restored. The people should be taught how to follow healthy and safety measures. The victims should be provided with temporary accomodation, financial assistance and employment opportunities. Those who have lost their family members should be consoled. If there is a danger of epidemics, vaccination programme should be undertaken.4. Prevention:: 4. Prevention: The land use has to be so planned as to reduce the loss of life and property. Buildings should not be constructed in risk zones. Mobilizing support of different coordinating agencies such as the local government, voluntary organisation , the insurance companies, etc, to ensure co-ordination at the time of a disaster. All buildings should be earthquake and landslide resistant. The local community should be involved in making and implementing safety norms.ELEMENTS AT RISK..: ELEMENTS AT RISK .. People Livestock Rural Housing Stock Houses Vulnerable Crops, Trees, Telephone Boats, Looms Personal Property Electricity, Water and Food Supplies Infrastructure SupportPowerPoint Presentation: Reduce (Avoid, if possible) the potential losses from hazards. Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims when necessary. Achieve rapid and durable recovery . AIMS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENTRole Players in Disasters: Role Players in Disasters People : Individuals, House -Holds, Volunteers Gram Panchayat : Sarpanch , Panchayati Secretary, Panchayati Members Village Elders : Caste/Community/Religious Leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers, Retired Army & Police Personnel Govt. Deptl . Officers : Agriculture, Medical, Engineers (Housing, Roads & Buildings, Irrigation) Revenue Department, Public Health, Police etc. NGOs You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.