Expectancy Theory of Motivation

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Victor Vroom's Expectancy Theory of 1964 Overview of the Expectancy Theory of Motivation Vroom’s Expectancy Theory: https://agile-mercurial.com/2019/07/08/vrooms-expectancy-theory-of-motivation/ https://agile-mercurial.com/ https://twentyfirstcenturyworkforce.com/

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Expectancy Theory of Motivation:

Expectancy Theory of Motivation

Expectancy Theory:

Expectancy Theory Proposed by Victor Vroom in 1964 Focuses on the thought process behind motivation How does the work help the employee meet their own goals?

Four Assumptions:

Four Assumptions People choose jobs based on their needs and past experiences Behavior/Actions (work effort) is dictated by conscious choices What motivates people is different for each individual People will work to optimize their personal benefits when given options

employees need to see a relationship between their work and the attainment of their personal goals:

employees need to see a relationship between their work and the attainment of their personal goals

Effort and Expectancy :

Effort and Expectancy Are the goals attainable?

Effort and Expectancy:

Effort and Expectancy Expectancy is the assessment of the work needed to complete a job or task The probability of 0 means the employee does not believe the effort will lead to an acceptable outcome A probability of 1 means that the employee believes that an acceptable outcome is almost certain to be met and the employee sees a relationship between their level of effort and their personal goals

Performance and Instrumentality:

Performance and Instrumentality Will high performance lead to the reward?

Performance and Instrumentality:

Performance and Instrumentality Instrumentality is where the employee makes estimates about how much their task performance relates to receiving the reward The employee should be able to see a relationship between how well they perform and the personal rewards they receive in order to increase their motivation If an employee perceives that a relationship between their performance always exists, the probability of it existing on new tasks is nearly certain and would be a 1 

Reward and Valence:

Reward and Valence Is the reward in line with my goals?

Reward and Valence:

Reward and Valence Valence is how much an employee prefers certain rewards over other rewards The employee may consider multiple rewards and choose the one that most meets their personal goals Valence can be shown on a scale that ranges from -1 to 1; with a 0-level valence being indifferent to the award

Vroom’s Expectancy Equation:

Vroom’s Expectancy Equation Is the employee motivated?

Motivational Level:

Motivational Level Motivation = Expectancy x Instrumentality x Valence M = E x I x V Using the probabilities for expectancy, instrumentality, and valence, you can calculate how motivated employees are

Slide14:

Source : Luneneburg , F.C. (2011) Expectancy Theory of Motivation: Motivating by Altering Expectations. Retrieved From  http://www.nationalforum.com/Electronic%20Journal%20Volumes/Luneneburg,%20Fred%20C%20Expectancy%20Theory%20%20Altering%20Expectations%20IJMBA%20V15%20N1%202011.pdf Joshua Render Vroom’s Expectancy Theory: https://agile-mercurial.com/2019/07/08/vrooms-expectancy-theory-of-motivation/ https://agile-mercurial.com/ https://twentyfirstcenturyworkforce.com/

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