Adv4 Unit 8 -Def - Indef Art

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Definite and Indefinite Articles :

Definite and Indefinite Articles Unit 8

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11-1 A vs. AN (a) She lives in a c abin. (b) He lives in an a partment. (c) She lives in a l arge cabin. (d) He lives in an o ld apartment. a an = “ one” a consonants an vowels

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11-1 A vs. AN (e) I had an u ncle named Spiros. (f) They have an u gly car. (g) The inch is a u nit of measure. (h) He saw a u nique building. For words beginning with the letter u : a consonant sound an vowel sound

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11-1 A vs. AN (i) I will see you in an h our. (j) This is a h appy day. For words beginning with the letter h : a pronounced “ h ” an silent “ h ”

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11-1 LET’S PRACTICE a an ___ ear. An ___ large ear. A ___ enormous ear. An ___ useful ear. A

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11-1 LET’S PRACTICE a an ___ holiday. A ___ universal holiday. A ___ unique holiday. A ___ unhappy situation. An

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11-1 LET’S PRACTICE a an ___ honest mistake. An ___ hateful comment. A ___ hour of exercise. An ___ unhappy experience. An

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8 I lost ___earring. an 7-2 Let’s Practice a an

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9 That is ___ ugly bug. an 7-2 Let’s Practice a an

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10 He is __ happy child. a 7-2 Let’s Practice a an

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11 Let’s go in __ hour. an 7-2 Let’s Practice a an

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11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING A OR Ø ( NO ARTICLE ) (a) A computer can be helpful for homework. SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS

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11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING A OR Ø ( NO ARTICLE ) (a) A computer can be helpful for homework. (b) An orange is orange. SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS

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a + singular count noun generalization 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING A OR Ø ( NO ARTICLE ) (a) A computer is helpful for doing homework. (b) An orange is orange. (c) A tornado can be dangerous. SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS any, all, in general

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11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING A OR Ø ( NO ARTICLE ) (d) Computers can be helpful for homework. PLURAL COUNT NOUNS

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11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING A OR Ø ( NO ARTICLE ) (d) Computers can be helpful for homework. (e) Oranges are orange. SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS

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11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING A OR Ø ( NO ARTICLE ) (d) Computers can helpful for homework. (e) Oranges are orange. (f) Tornadoes can be dangerous. SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS no article ( Ø ) with plural count noun generalization

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a + singular count noun one thing ( not specific ) 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING A OR SOME (j) I bought a computer to help with homework. (k) I brought an orange for desert. (l) There was a tornado in Kansas last week. SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS

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some + plural count noun things ( not specific ) 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING A OR SOME (m) There are some computers in the lab. (n) I’d love to have some oranges . (o) There are some tornadoes every year. PLURAL COUNT NOUNS

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the + noun specific person ( s ) or thing ( s ) 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING THE (s) Do you like the computer you bought? (t) I enjoyed the orange you gave me. (u) The tornado that hit yesterday was awful. (v) The moon is full. (w) The window is open. (x) Are you in the garage ? SINGULAR COUNT NOUNS

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the + noun specific person ( s ) or thing ( s ) 11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING THE (y) The computers were expensive. (z) I enjoyed the oranges you gave me. (aa) The tornadoes that hit Mexico were awful. (bb) The moons of Saturn are beautiful. PLURAL COUNT NOUNS

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11-8 GUIDELINES FOR ARTICLE USAGE USING THE (cc) The mail came early today. (dd) The fruit wasn’t ripe yet. (ee) The love of a mother is very strong. (ff) The smog is bad this year. NONCOUNT NOUNS

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11-8 LET’S PRACTICE Do you have ____ recipe for Mom’s lasagna? a an the the

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11-8 LET’S PRACTICE No, but I have ___ recipe from a magazine. a an the a

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11-8 LET’S PRACTICE Too bad. Mom makes ___ best lasagna. a an the the

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11-8 LET’S PRACTICE I do have ___ extra special spaghetti recipe that you might like. a an the an

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11-9 USING THE OR Ø WITH NAMES (b) I taught English in Ø Asia .

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11-9 USING THE OR Ø WITH NAMES (b) I taught English in Ø Asia . Ø Australia is a large island.

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11-9 USING THE OR Ø WITH NAMES (b) I taught English in Ø Asia . Ø Australia is a large island. Over 20% of the earth’s land is in Ø Africa .

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11-9 USING THE OR Ø WITH NAMES (b) I taught Ø English in Asia . Ø Australia is a large island. Over 20% of the earth’s land is in Ø Africa . The names of continents.

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11-9 USING THE OR Ø WITH NAMES (c) Madrid is the capital of Ø Spain . Ø Chile has some beautiful mountains. Ø Madagascar is a small country. The names of most countries. (d) The Dominican Republic is a small country. There are windmills in the Netherlands . The United States has 50 states. The a few countries.

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11-9 USING THE OR Ø WITH NAMES (e) I love Ø Paris in the spring time. Ø New York has wonderful museums. We visited Ø Johannesburg last winter. The names of cities.

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11-9 USING THE OR Ø WITH NAMES (f) The Mississippi River is very wide. The most important river that feeds the Black Sea is the Danube . The rivers, oceans & seas. (g) Ø Lake Vostok is the largest lake in the world. A large lake in Canada is Ø Lake Huron . The names of lakes.

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11-9 USING THE OR Ø WITH NAMES (h) We saw the Virunga Mountains in Africa. The Andes Mountains are in South America. The names of mountain ranges. (i) Ø Elbrus Mountain is in Russia. A beautiful mountain in Alaska is Mount Denali . The individual mountains.

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11-9 LET’S PRACTICE ___ Mediterranean Sea is located to the north of ___ Africa. Ø the The Ø

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11-9 LET’S PRACTICE ___ Professor Keely teaches in ___ Czech Republic. She loves working in ___ Prague. Ø the Ø Ø the

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11-9 LET’S PRACTICE It is illegal to climb ___ Himalayas in ___ Bhutan . Ø the Ø the

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38 specific students specific pen/specific pencil one moon (a) Where are the students ? (b) Do you want the pen or the pencil ? (c) I love to look at the moon . 7-6 USING THE

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39 (d) Kazu has a dog and a cat . The dog is big, and the cat is little. (e) Mia has some dogs and cats . The dogs are big, and the cats are little. singular count nouns plural count nouns 7-6 USING THE

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40 We have a car and a boat. ____ car is new, but ____ boat is old. The the 7-6 Let’s Practice the a an

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41 I need to buy __ new car. ____ car I like is very expensive. The a 7-6 Let’s Practice the a an

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42 I wish I had ____ umbrella. an It is raining. 7-6 Let’s Practice the a an

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43      (count noun) (count noun) (noncount noun) (noncount noun) (a) ___ Apples are good for you . (b) Ann uses ___ pens and ___ markers . (c) Mary likes to eat ___ candy . (d) ___ Spaghetti is easy to cook. in general 7-7 USING ø (NO ARTICLE) TO MAKE GENERALIZATIONS

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44 specific (e) Last night, we ate some pumpkin pie . The pumpkin pie was very good, but the whipped cream was too sweet. 7-7 USING ø (NO ARTICLE) TO MAKE GENERALIZATIONS

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45  specific candy The candy you made is delicious. (f) They like candy . candy in general 7-7 USING ø (NO ARTICLE) TO MAKE GENERALIZATIONS

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46 ____ food I ate last night made me sick. The 7-7 Let’s Practice the 

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47 Plants need ____ sunshine to grow. 7-7 Let’s Practice  the 

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48 ____ food I ate last night made me sick. The 7-7 Let’s Practice the 

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49 Healthy people eat ___ vegetables. They don’t eat ___ candy. 7-7 Let’s Practice   the 

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50 ___ fruit looked fresh, and ___ bakery smelled good. We went to a new grocery store. The the 7-7 Let’s Practice the 

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