A History of Cinema

Category: Entertainment

Presentation Description

www.rufuskips.blogspot.com This is an experimental film that I made. Mainly for Youtube. Will probably make a more detailed film history slideshow later on.


Presentation Transcript

A History of Cinema:

A fairly brief one…up to 1950s A History of Cinema

PowerPoint Presentation:

Basic innovations were achieved in the 1880s and in 1890s in France and the United States Thomas A. Edison and Auguste and Louis Lumiere were among the pioneers Showings were at music halls at first but later on Specially designed theatres were built for showing of films Throughout the first decade of the 20 th century French film production led the world Charles Pathe created the first international film empire with his company producing films and then exhibiting them through chains of motion picture theatres

The Black Maria:

The Black Maria This is Black Maria – a studio built by Edison for shooting films.

PowerPoint Presentation:

In the United States, nickelodeons found favour and this led to the production of films in the Eastern cities From 1908-12, the Motion Picture’s Patents Company made attempts to control the American Film Industry This caused the independent production companies to develop higher standards and the star system was created Filmmakers began moving to the West Coast and mainly to Hollywood, California

PowerPoint Presentation:

During this time, the director D. W. Griffith created longer films, and introduced basic technical innovations in editing, cinematography, and lightning What established motion picture as an art form in the United States was his Birth of a Nation (1915) American films surpassed the European ones in terms of commercial and critical success when World War I began At the end of the war, American film industry was the dominant force of the international market Early starts of worldwide appeal included Douglas fair Banks, Sr., Mary pickford, and Charlie Chaplin

PowerPoint Presentation:

1917-1927 saw the peak of silent films The major studios relied on well-established actors and stars and Hollywood films grew in prestiege Important figures of 1920: directors such as Griffith, Mack Sennett, and Cecil B. deMille and actors such as Fairbanks, Chaplin, Cilian Gish, Buster Keaton, and William S. Hart Other important figures in Europe after the war included: F. W. Murnau , G. W. Pabst, Frits Lang, and Erns Lubitsch in Germany (they were known for their experimental expressionism and powerful social realism). Carl Dreyer of Denmark and Sergey Eisentein of the Soviet Union were among other important figures

PowerPoint Presentation:

1926-1930 saw the introduction of sound by the Warner Brothers Studio in the United States During the first decade of sound introduction into film, filmmakers learned to use the camera and the soundtrack to help build the action of a story New directors emerged to exploit the possibilities of the medium Among them were: Frank Capra, John Ford, and Howard Hawks in the United States, Alfred Hitchcock in Great Britain. And Jean Renoir in France

PowerPoint Presentation:

During the 1930s musical comedies and films starring comedians such as the Marx Brothers gained prominence World War II damaged film production in Europe during the 1930s and 1940s and pushed Hollywood to its zenith After the war Hollywood was forced to dismantle their theatre chains and television began to reduce film audiences after 1950

PowerPoint Presentation:

Post war: Europe came forth Italy introduced Neorealism and directors such as Vittorio De Sica, federico Fellini, and Michelangelo Antonioni renewed trend toward realism Jean-Luc Godard and Francois Truffaut were involved in the bring about of New Wave in France British films continued with the comic genre Realism was also introduced with films such as Angry Young Men More artistic works were carried out by directors such as Ingmar Bergman, Luis Bunuel, Kurosawa Akira, and Satyajit Ray

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