ap Cold War 07

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The Cold War: 

The Cold War 1945-1991

The End of World War II: 

The End of World War II D-Day & Iwo Jima

Hiroshima & Nagasaki: 

Hiroshima & Nagasaki

Yalta: 

Yalta Churchill Roosevelt Stalin Decide fate of Germany & occupied Eastern Europe

Slide5: 

FDR dies Harry Truman Becomes President

Potsdam: 

Potsdam Truman, Stalin, Churchill Treaty drafts War Crimes Germany divided into zones of occupation—U.S., Britain, France, USSR Truman/Stalin distrust

Berlin Airlift: 

Berlin Airlift Soviet Union tries to force allies out of West Berlin Beginning of Cold War Eastern Europe becomes Communist The Iron Curtin Containment Dean Acheson

Communist Revolution in China: 

Communist Revolution in China Mao Tse Dung

NATO & The Marshall Plan: 

NATO & The Marshall Plan

The Threat of Nuclear War-- The Rosenbergs: 

The Threat of Nuclear War-- The Rosenbergs

Slide11: 

McCarthyism HUAC Hollywood 10

Korean War: 

Korean War Limited Warfare Truman fires MacArthur—wanted to invade China

>Hydrogen Bomb >Death of Stalin >Eisenhower >brinkmanship >John Foster Dulles: 

>Hydrogen Bomb >Death of Stalin >Eisenhower >brinkmanship >John Foster Dulles

French Defeated in Indochina Dien Bien Phu: 

French Defeated in Indochina Dien Bien Phu

Space Race: Sputnik: 

Space Race: Sputnik

Castro Comes to Power in Cuba: 

Castro Comes to Power in Cuba Rebel leader Fidel Castro led an uprising overthrowing the Cuban dictator, Fulgencio Batista.

Election of 1960: 

Election of 1960

Kennedy’s Foreign Policy: 

Kennedy’s Foreign Policy Cold War: Flexible Response Peace Corps – sent American volunteers to work for two years in developing countries. Alliance for progress – economic aid to Latin America. Offered billions of dollars in aid to participating countries.

Race for 1st Man in Space: 

Race for 1st Man in Space Yuri Gargarin Alan Shepard

Bay of Pigs: 

Bay of Pigs

Map of Cuba: 

Map of Cuba

Bay of Pigs: 

Bay of Pigs During Eisenhower’s administration the CIA had developed a plan for overthrowing Castro. The CIA was training anti-Cuban refugees to invade Cuba. The invasion was okayed by Kennedy 1500 rebels were quickly pinned down at the Bay of Pigs Cuban military forces crushed the invasion in 72 and took 1200 prisoners. This made the United States look “like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies, and incompetents to the rest.” American Journalist

Kennedy vs. Krushchev: 

Kennedy vs. Krushchev

Kennedy and Khrushchev Berlin, Bay of Pigs, Missile Crisis (7 min.): 

Kennedy and Khrushchev Berlin, Bay of Pigs, Missile Crisis (7 min.)

Berlin Wall: 

Berlin Wall Built to stop East Germans from fleeing Communism Force Americans Out of East Berlin

Missiles of October 13 days in October 1962: 

Missiles of October 13 days in October 1962

Cuban Missile Crisis: 

Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuban Missile Crisis: 

Cuban Missile Crisis CIA officials monitored Soviet arms buildup in Cuba. U-2 flights over the island revealed existence of ballistic-missile launching pads. October 22 Kennedy appeared on national television to announce that any armed ships bound for Cuba would be forcibly turned back by the U.S. Navy. He also demanded that the Soviet remove the missiles.

Executive Committee: 

Executive Committee President Kennedy Secretary of State Rusk Secretary of Defense McNamara Asst. Sec. Paul Nitze Foreign Policy coordinator McGeorge Bundy A.G. Robert Kennedy Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff General Maxwell Taylor V-P Lyndon Johnson Theodore Sorensen Director CIA John McCone

United Nations “Until Hell Freezes over”: 

United Nations “Until Hell Freezes over”

Cuban Blockade/Quarantine: 

Cuban Blockade/Quarantine Stalemate ened when Bobby Kennedy & Soviet Ambassador Dobrynin met. “We’re eyeball to eyeball,” said Secretary of State Dean Rusk, “and I think the other fellow just blinked.” On October 28 Khrushchev agreed to dismantle the missile bases in response to Kennedy’s promise not to invade Cuba. Kennedy also secretly agreed to remove U.S. missiles from Turkey.

After Effects: 

After Effects 1963 Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Hot line – teletype line enabling the leaders of the two countries to communicate directly during a crisis. Kennedy Visits Berlin

The Cold War: 

The Cold War Vietnam

Japanese Occupation of Indochina: 

Japanese Occupation of Indochina After fall of France in June 1940, Japan invaded Indochina French Colonial Gov’t Cooperated with Japanese (Vichy France) Ho Chi Minh led Nationalist forces against Japanese U.S. provided him with aid At end of War, France took back Indochina Vietnamese resistence to French rule

French Defeated in Indochina Dien Bien Phu: 

French Defeated in Indochina Dien Bien Phu

Geneva Conference: 

Geneva Conference Vietnam divided along 17th parallel, pending nationwide elections in ‘55

U.S. Involvement Began: 

U.S. Involvement Began Ngo Diem Diem, South Vietnam, rejected nationwide elections Eisenhower provided military aid to Diem Ho Chi Minh accepted Soviet aid

Viet Cong: 

Viet Cong National Liberation Front established in North Vietnam (Viet Cong)

Buddhist Revolt: 

Buddhist Revolt Diem repression of Buddhism Buddhist anti-government demonstrations JFK sent military advisors to Vietnam

Assassination of Diem: 

Assassination of Diem JFK approved S.V. generals plan to stage coup Generals Assassinate Diem & his brother Nhu

J.F.K. Assassinated: 

J.F.K. Assassinated L.B.J. Became President

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution: 

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution USS Maddox fired on by North Vietnamese in Gulf of Tonkin American Troops openly involved in Vietnam

Krushchev Expelled: 

Krushchev Expelled Brezhnev became Communist Party General Secretary

Johnson v. Goldwater: 

Johnson v. Goldwater Election of 1964 centered on Cold War (Watch Campaign Clips)

Operation Rolling Thunder: 

Operation Rolling Thunder

Six Day War: 

Six Day War Middle East Crisis Beginning of Palestinian Refugee Problem

Tet Offensive: 

Tet Offensive Turning Point In Vietnam War Johnson Decided not to run for re-election

Year of Student Protests: 

Year of Student Protests United States France Czechoslovakia

Election of 1968: 

Election of 1968 Assassination of Robert Kennedy Hubert Humphrey Democratic Candidate Richard Nixon Republican Candidate Nixon Promised Peace with Honor

Apollo 11: 

Apollo 11 Neil Armstrong became 1st man on Moon

Slide56: 

Nixon bombed Cambodia Student Protests Increase

U.S. Negotiations with North Vietnam: 

U.S. Negotiations with North Vietnam Henry Kissinger began secret talks with Vietnam Nixon bombed Hanoi & Haiphong My Lai Massacre

Detente: 

Detente increased diplomatic, commercial, and cultural contact to reduce tensions through negotiations

Ping-Pong Diplomacy: 

Ping-Pong Diplomacy Nixon visited China

Salt I: 

Salt I Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

End of Vietnam War: 

End of Vietnam War 73 - U.S. withdrawl from Vietnam 75 – End of Vietnam War

Killing Fields of Cambodia: 

Killing Fields of Cambodia Khmer Rouge genocide in Cambodia

U.S. Soviet Cooperation in Space: 

U.S. Soviet Cooperation in Space

Helsinki Accords: 

Helsinki Accords Signed by leaders of 35 countries including U.S. & U.S.S.R. Recognition of Basic Human Rights

Cold War Resumes: 

Cold War Resumes Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan U.S. Embassy Personel Held Hostage In Iran

Solidarity: 

Solidarity Lech Walesa led strike in Gdansk Shipyard, Poland Polish Gov’t permit formation of independent trade union, Solidarity

Cold War Freeze : 

Cold War Freeze Ronald Reagan elected President: Increase Cold War Tensions Martial Law in Poland: Solidarity Banned U.S. Sanctions of U.S.S.R. & Poland

Gorbachev & Glasnost: 

Gorbachev & Glasnost Mikhail Gorbachev allows greater freedom--beginning of collapse of Communism

Tearing Down the Berlin Wall & Communism: 

Tearing Down the Berlin Wall & Communism

Freedom: 

Freedom Dissolution of Soviet Union Yeltsin became 1st elected leader of Russia

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