PPT On Security

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Slide 1: 

Airport Security India stepped up its airport security after the 1999 Kandahar hijacking. The Central Industrial Security Force, a paramilitary organisation is in charge of airport security under the regulatory frame work of the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security ( Ministry of Civil Aviation Security). CISF formed an Airport Security Group to protect Indian airports. Every airport has now been given an APSU (Airport Security Unit), a trained unit to counter unlawful interference with civil aviation. Apart from the CISF every airline has an aviation security force which is a separate department.

Slide 2: 

- The CISF controls airport security at all commercial airports in India. -Airport security, in the past, was under the control of the Airport Police (under the State Government). -However, following the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight 814 in 1999, the topic of handing over security of the airports to the CISF was first proposed. -While this proposal lay low for the next two years, the Central Government woke up to the security threat after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States of America and decided to implement the suggestion. -The Jaipur Airport was the first airport that came under the CISF's control on 03rd feb 2000. -Following this, majority of the commercial airports in India were brought under its purview. -As of now CISF is protecting a total of 54 international and domestic airports in the country. Airport Security

Slide 3: 

Issues of Airport Security Airport Security has various layers to prevent possible breaches, but total security is not completely possible. We Should follow a layered approach to (a) Airport security such as bomb sniffing dogs, biological / chemical detectors, closed circuit TVs (b) Security checkpoints such as screening passengers by observation techniques, boarding pass check, identification check, metal detectors, trace portals, carry-on baggage screening, checked baggage screening, and secondary screening of individuals. Still then, absolute security is a myth. There are always weak areas that can be exploited by experienced professionals. However, if the layers of a security system are working together, threats can be significantly minimized. Since each airport is unique in physical and operational characteristics, we need to check how a commercial service airport will meet its daily regulatory requirements for the three essential areas: landside, terminal and airside. The landside area has commercial and private vehicle area The terminal area has public, non-public, and sterile areas The airside area has secured areas, air operations areas, and security identification display areas. The implementation of security processes in these areas depend heavily on technology and (some) training.

Slide 5: 

Technology Technology is a necessary tool in the field of airport security. The advances of airport security technology enhance the overall security process, not only as a deterrent, but also to provide a greater range of observation and detection. Examples of technological advances today in the aviation industry related to passenger boarding (within the airport terminal building) include explosive detection, full body scanners, x-ray equipment, observation cameras, metal detectors, and other advanced equipment. On the outside of the terminal, several other types of technologies are used, which include, Airport surface detection equipment(ASDE) Airport movement area safety system(AMASS) Precision runway monitoring(PRM) Ground safety tracking and reporting system(GSTRS) Runway status lights(RWSL) However, technology is only one layer of security and cannot be a sole point of protection. Only a proper multi-tiered security operation can achieve the ultimate goal of safety of passengers, airport personnel and the airport itself. The equipment also needs to be operated by properly trained, qualified personnel. Furthermore, the equipment being utilized should be tested, maintained, and calibrated regularly to avoid any incidents Although technology is a great tool, there is no substitute for highly trained and qualified security professionals.

Slide 6: 

Training - Professional security, especially in the aviation industry, requires special skills, knowledge and abilities. - Security personnel must have the ability to identify potential elements of improvised explosive devices. - Other critical abilities of an airport security professional include the detection of questionable behavior, interpersonal communication to be proactive in quickly - Developing a rapport with people in order to determine whether or not an individual may be involved in terrorist activity, and how to assess multiple threat possibilities. - The hiring of unqualified personnel is the first step in the defeat of a multi-tiered security operation. - The only way to obtain this knowledge is through extensive and continued training and education from qualified and experienced instructors, not through bureaucratic management.

Slide 7: 

Improving Airport Security Provide basic security training to all airport personnel including ticket agents and baggage handlers. A longer, more comprehensive training program that includes live training scenarios, counter-terrorist tactics, etc. Furthermore, training should be on a continuing basis at least monthly. It is also absolutely essential that aviation security professionals are proficient with any equipment used on a daily basis, or other equipment used in the event of an emergency situation. For example, any unusual situation requiring immediate action, security professionals must be able to handle the situation. Shutting down airport operations scares passengers while waiting for law enforcement to arrive seems to be the current tactic used in airport security, which is very unprofessional. Raise standards of physical fitness that involve an agility test equivalent to any other government agent or law enforcement position including defensive tactics and firearm training

Slide 8: 

Improving Aircrew Skills Flight Crew 1) Provide basic security training to flight attendants and pilots including observation and detection techniques (enhanced profiling for everyone’s security) 2) Basic Imrovised explosive device(IED) detection and the various forms used such as everyday objects we use like like a pen. 3) Provide basic hostage negotiation training. 4) Establish covert communication with Air Marshals on board to avoid unnecessary panic of passengers. 5) Establish (team training) exercises with Air Marshals. For example, if there are five terrorists and only two Air marshals, assistance needs to be coordinated. Periodically train with Air Marshals 6) Provide flight crew with basic tactical EMS training. Basic first aid and CPR is not adequate in a combat situation presented by terrorists 7) Provide basic hostage negotiation training.

Conclusion : 

Conclusion Given the threat of terrorism we are facing today, it is absolutely necessary to improve security in the aviation industry including airports. Worldwide travel is convenient and relatively inexpensive, a key element in the proliferation of terrorist networks throughout the world. Despite advances in technology in airport security, there is no substitute for highly trained and qualified personnel. In the aviation security industry, technology is only one layer of security and human factors of security cannot be overlooked or minimized. Over reliance on technology is a trap that leaves passengers, aircrews, and airport personnel vulnerable to a terrorist attack. Over reliance on technology is a trap that leaves passengers, aircrews, and airport personnel vulnerable to a terrorist attack. Contrary to popular belief, giving aviation security officers’ badges and expensive equipment does not make them professionals. Until adequate modifications to the aviation security system are implemented, we are all living with a false sense of security.

Any Questions : 

Any Questions

Slide 11: 

1. So, what is security? We hear the word security everywhere these days: national security, financial security, home security, legal security, personal security, etc. The word is overused, but do we truly understand what security actually is? According to Webster’s Dictionary, security is the quality or state of being secure; freedom from danger, fear, and anxiety. This article attempts to identify inadequacies of security today in the context of ‘airport security’ and how to maximize commercial airport security Issues Of Airport Security: Airport Security has various layers to prevent possible breaches, but total security is not completely possible. Training: Like a professional chess player, security personnel must be thinking five moves ahead of terrorists. Analytical and critical thinking abilities to solve problems should be crucial points of personnel training. The training of airport security officers today needs tremendous improvement. Live training scenarios are crucial for successful security operations. Simply watching a video or taking computer based tests of explosives and terrorist attacks does not make a security officer qualified to do the job. This appears to be the current trend in airport security training. An athlete cannot be competitive by playing his/her sport on a computer or watching the sport on TV, so why are aviation security officers not receiving proper training? Security personnel must clearly understand all elements of possible improvised explosive devices and what proper action to take in order to save lives and aid in the apprehension of a terroris HOW TO IMPROVE: Provide basic security training to all airport personnel including ticket agents and baggage handlers. A longer, more comprehensive training program that includes live training scenarios, IED detection, counter-terrorist tactics, etc. Furthermore, training should be on a continuing basis at least monthly. It is also absolutely essential that aviation security professionals are proficient with any equipment used on a daily basis, or other equipment used in the event of an emergency situation. 4) Amend laws to give aviation security professionals more authority than merely “observe and report.” This level of response needs to be amended to allow security professionals to “observe and protect.” For example, any unusual situation requiring immediate action, security professionals must be able to handle the situation. Shutting down airport operations scares passengers while waiting for law enforcement to arrive seems to be the current tactic used in airport security, which is very unprofessional. 5) Raise standards of physical fitness that involve an agility test equivalent to any other government agent or law enforcement position including defensive tactics and firearm training. Combat Sambo has been proven to be the most effective defensive tactics because it is relatively easy to learn in a short time, which maximizes resources. ************************************************************************************************************************************************************************ PRM is one type of radar system that can be used to allow simultaneous approaches on parallel runways that are spaced less than 1525m to each other.

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