NEW KINGS AND KINGDOMS: NEW KINGS AND KINGDOMS BY-ARUN NEW DYNASTIES: NEW DYNASTIES MANY NEW DYNASTIES EMERGED AFTER THE SEVENTH CENTURY. MAP SHOWS THE MAJOR RULLING DYNASTIES IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE SUBCONTINENTS BETWEEN THE SEVENTH AND TWELFTH CENTURIES PRAHSHATIS AND LAND GRANTS : PRAHSHATIS AND LAND GRANTS KINGS OFTEN REWARDED BRAMANAS BY GRANTS OF LAND. THESE WERE RECORDED ON COPPER PLATES ,WHICH WERE GIVEN TO THOSE WHO RECEIVED THE LAND RECORDS . SULTAN MOHMUD OF GAJNI : SULTAN MOHMUD OF GAJNI The very first ruler in history to assume the title of "Sultan" was Mahmud of GhaJni , founder of the GhaJnavid Empire. His title signified that although he was the political leader of a vast swath of land, encompassing much of what is now Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India, the Muslim Caliph remained the religious leader of the empire. HE FOUGHT WITH PRITHVIRAJ AND LOSS. SULTAN MOHMUD GAURI : SULTAN MOHMUD GAURI Sultan Shahab - ud -din Muhammad Ghori , also known as Muizzuddin Muhammad Bin Sam, was born in 1162 in a small region of Ghor located in the mountains between the old Ghaznavid Empire and Seljuk dynasty situated in the western part of the then Ghaznavid Empire. In the present times, the latter is known as Central Afghanistan. Unlike his predecessor Mahmud of Ghazni , Muhammad Ghori remains significant in the medieval history of India for his number of conquests as well as laying the foundation for Muslim rule in India as it was his slave Qutb - ud -din Aibak who was the founder of the first Turkish rule in India in the following years.HE FOUGH WITH PRITHVI RAJ CHOHAN AND WON THE FIGHT. A CLOSER LOOK TO CHOLAS: A CLOSER LOOK TO CHOLAS URAIYUR: URAIYUR Urayur , located near the city of Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu, India, was the capital of the early Cholas, who were one of the three main kingdoms of the ancient Tamil country. Sometimes spelled as Uraiyur , this location is also known as Thirukkozhi , Nikalaapuri , Uranthai , and Kozhiyur . It has a history dating back to before 2 BCE. There is definite mention of the Cholas, whose founder was Vijayalaya and their capital in Asokan inscriptions in Orissa pushing back the antiquity of the Cholas as well as Uraiyur to 272–232 BC, which was the period of Ashoka (ca. 304–232 BC) who was ruler of the Maurya Dynasty of Pataliputra (modern Patna). Inscriptions and rock edicts of Ashoka and the Satavahanas describe Urayur as "the citadel and centre of the Cholas".