Slide 1: federalism Slide 2: Federalism is a political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant with a governing representative head. The term federalism is also used to describe a system of the government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (like states or provinces). Federalism is a system in which the power to govern is shared between national and provincial (state) governments, creating what is often called a federation. Proponents are often called federalists. Meaning Slide 4: TYPES OF FEDERALISM Dual federalism
New federalism Slide 5: Dual federalism, a legal theory which has prevailed in the United States since 1789, is the belief that the United States consists of two separate and co-sovereign branches of government. This form of government works on the principle that the national and state governments are split into their own spheres, and each is supreme within its respective sphere. Specifically, dual federalism discusses the relationship between the national government and the states' governments. According to this theory, there are certain limits placed on the federal government. These limits are:
1. National government rules by rules only.
2. National government has a limited set of constitutional purposes.
3. Each governmental unit—state and federal—is sovereign within its sphere of operations.
4. Relationship between nation and states is best summed up as tension rather than cooperation Dual federalism Slide 6: Cooperative federalism emphasized an expanded role for the national government, and cooperation between the national government and the states. This relationship predominated between 1930 and 1960. Cooperative federalism Implementing Cooperative Federalism : Implementing Cooperative Federalism National government- give grants
“Strings-Attached” Federal Grants
Types of grants
Federal Mandates Slide 8: Creative federalism, also known as "picket fence federalism," predominated during the period of 1960 to 1980. This relationship was characterized by overloaded cooperation and crosscutting regulations. Creative federalism Slide 9: New federalism, sometimes referred to as "on your own federalism," is characterized by further devolution of power from national to state governments, deregulation, but also increased difficulty of states to fulfill their new mandates. This period began in 1981 and continues to the present. New federalism Slide 10: Anti-Federalism is a political philosophy which opposes the concept of Federalism. In short, Anti-Federalists dictate that the central governing authority of a nation should be equal or inferior to, but not having more power than, its sub-national states (state government). A book titled "The Anti-Federalist Papers" is a detailed explanation of American Anti-Federalist thought. Anti-Federalism Slide 11: THERE ARE TWO OR MORE LEVELS OF GOV.T
DIFFERENT TIERS OF GOV.T GOVERN THE SAME CITIZEN ,BUT EACH TIER HAS ITS OWN JURISDICTION
THE JURISDICTION OF THE RESPECTIVE LEVELS OR TIERS OF GOVERNMENT ARE SPECIFIED IN THE CONSTITUTION
NO FUNDAMENTAL CHANGE CAN BE MADE IN THE CONSTITUTION WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF ALL LEVELS OF GOV.T
AN INDEPENDENT JUDICIARY PREVENTS CONFLICTS BETWEEN THE CENTER AND THE STATE AND AMONG THE STATE
EACH LEVEL OF GOV.T HAS CLEARLY SPECIFIED SOURCE OF REVENUE TO AVOID CONFLICT
THE FEDERAL SYSTEM THUS HAS DUAL OBJECTIVES : 1)TO SAFE GUARD AND PROMOTE UNITY OF THE COUNTRY
2)TO ACCOMMODATE REGIONAL DIVERSITY KEY FEATURES OF FEDERALISM KINDS OF FEDERATIONS : KINDS OF FEDERATIONS COMING TOGETHER FEDERATION
1)INDEPENDENT STATES VOLUNTARILY FORM A BIGGER UNION
2)STATE AND THE CENTER HAVE EQUAL POWERS
e.g.- U.S.A ,SWITZERLAND ,AUSTRALIA
HOLDING TOGETHER FEDERATION
A LARGE COUNTRY DECIDES TO DIVIDE ITS POWER BETWEEN THE STATES AND CENTRAL GOV.T
THE CENTRAL GOV.T IS ALWAYS MORE POWERFUL THAN THE REGIONAL STATES
e.g.- INDIA ,SPAIN ,BELGIUM WHAT MAKES INDIA A FEDERAL COUNTRY ? : WHAT MAKES INDIA A FEDERAL COUNTRY ? POWERS ARE DIVIDED AS :
CONCURENT LIST CUNCURRENT LIST1)has 47 subjects2)education marriage,forest are subjects3)laws are made bymembers of state as well as union list : CUNCURRENT LIST1)has 47 subjects2)education marriage,forest are subjects3)laws are made bymembers of state as well as union list Union list
1)Has 99 subjects
are the subjects
3)Laws made by
Members of union
list STATE LIST
1)has 66 subjects
c ommerce are subjects
3)laws are made
by members of state list HOW IS FEDERALISM PRACTICED : HOW IS FEDERALISM PRACTICED LINGUISTIC STATES
*CREATION OF LINGUISTIC STATES WAS DONE ON TWO BASES : 1)CULTURE ,ETHNICITY OR GEOGRAPHY
2)ON BAISIS OF LANGUAGE
# HINDI IS THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE OF INDIA
#BESIDES HINDI THERE ARE 21 OTHER LANGUAGE
#CENTRAL GOV.T PROMOTES HINDI BUT CANNOT IMPOSE IT ON ANY STATE
*center state relations
$THE WAY CONSTITUTION HAS MADE THE CENTER AND THE STATES SHARE POWERS HAS ALSO STREANGTHENED FEDERALISM IN INDIA DECENTRALISATION IN INDIA : DECENTRALISATION IN INDIA DECENTRALISATION MEANS THAT SOME POWER IS TAKEN AWAY FROM THE CENTRAL AND STATE GOV.T AND GIVEN TO LOCAL GOV.T LOCAL GOVERNMENT : LOCAL GOVERNMENT RURAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT Slide 18: URBAN LOCAL GOV.T : QUIZ Slide 20: Who is sarpanch?
Name any two cities with muncipal corporations?
How many languageshave been sheduled in indian constituion?
On which amentment of india is the panchayathi raj system based on?
Who is mayor?
Which system of government is followed in india?
Which of the indian states enjoys some special powers ,like having its own constitution?
Out of 192 countries how many has federal political system ?
prime minister runs the country ,chief minister runs the state,then what dose chair person of zilla parishad can do ?
how much elected representatives are there in the panchayaths and muncipalities PRESENTED BY : PRESENTED BY AMAL JOYS
BENDY ANN Slide 22: thank you