FLOORING

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FLOORING: 

FLOORING ANSHUL BABBAR VIJAY MOHAN SHARMA K.ANIRUDH VEDANSHI

WHAT IS FLOORING?: 

WHAT IS FLOORING? Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering. Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface. Both terms are used interchangeably but floor covering refers more to loose-laid materials. Materials almost always classified as floor covering include carpet , area rugs , and resilient flooring such as linoleum or vinyl flooring . Materials commonly called flooring include wood flooring , ceramic tile , stone , terrazzo , and various seamless chemical floor coatings.

PROCESS OF FLOORING: 

PROCESS OF FLOORING Surface preparation is a critical step to ensure proper installation of your NATURE STONE floor — and we’ll take care of it for you. We will remove dirt, oils, grease, paint, tiles and carpet from your concrete floor prior to installing your new NATURE STONE floor covering. If your existing concrete floor has cracks and unevenness, we resin weld affected areas to reinforce and correct the gaps to assure a beautiful, even NATURE STONE floor covering. After completing the preparation work, mixers on our trucks blend the special epoxy and stones, which our installers then trowel by hand over the existing concrete floor to ensure quality control and a uniform appearance. The result: beautiful, long-lasting NATURE STONE flooring for garage, basement, outdoor and commercial applications.

TYPES OF FLOORING: 

TYPES OF FLOORING HARDWOOD FLOORING LAMINATE FLOORING VINYL SHEET FLOORING VINYL FLOORING LUXURY VINYL LINOLEUM

SELECTION OF FLOORING MATERIALS: 

SELECTION OF FLOORING MATERIALS The choice of material for floor covering is affected by factors such as cost, endurance, noise insulation, comfort and cleaning effort. Some types of flooring must not be installed below grade (lower than ground level), and laminate or hardwood should be avoided where there may be moisture or condensation. The sub-floor may be finished in a way that makes it usable without any extra work, Earthen floor adobe or clay floors Solid ground floor cement screed or granolithic

FLOORING MATERIALS AVAILABLE: 

FLOORING MATERIALS AVAILABLE Soft coverings Wood flooring Resilient flooring Hard flooring Seamless chemical flooring

PowerPoint Presentation: 

SOFT COVERINGS – Carpet is a floor covering woven or felted from natural or man-made fibers. Fitted carpet is attached to the floor structure, extends wall-to-wall, and cannot be moved from place to place. An underlay will extend carpet life and improve comfort. Rugs are also woven or felted from fibers, but are smaller than the room in which they are located, have a finished edge, and usually lie over another finished floor such as wood flooring. Rugs may either be temporarily attached to the flooring below by adhesive tape or other methods to prevent creep, or may be loose-laid.

WOOD FLOORING: 

WOOD FLOORING Many different species of wood are fabricated into wood flooring in two primary forms: plank and parquet. Hardwoods are typically much more durable than softwoods. Reclaimed lumber has a unique appearance and is used in green (environmentally responsible) building . Laminate - is a floor covering that appears similar to hardwood but is made with a plywood or medium density fiberboard ("MDF") core with a plastic laminate top layer. HDF laminate consists of high density fiberboard topped by one or more layers of decorative paper and a transparent protective layer. Laminate may be more durable than hardwood, but cannot be refinished like hardwood. Laminate flooring is available in many different patterns which can resemble different woods or even ceramic tile. It usually locks or taps together.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

BAMBOO FLOORING- is a floor manufactured from the bamboo plant and is a type of hardwood flooring, though technically not a wood. Bamboo is known to be durable and environmentally friendly. It is available in many different patterns, colors, and textures. CORK FLOORING- is a flooring material manufactured from the by-product of the cork oak tree. Cork floors are considered to be eco-friendly since the cork oak tree bark is stripped every nine to ten years and doesn't damage the tree. Cork flooring comes in both tiles and planks, and can have glue or glues-less installation.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

RESILIENT FLOORING - Resilient flooring is made of material that has some elasticity. It includes many different manufactured products including linoleum, sheet vinyl, vinyl composition tile (VCT), cork (sheet or tile), rubber, and others. Performance surfaces used for dance or athletics are made of either wood or resilient flooring. HARD FLOORING – Ceramic tile includes a wide variety of clay products fired into thin units which are set in beds of mortar or mastic with the joints between tiles grouted. Varieties include quarry tile, porcelain tile, terracotta tile, and others. Many different natural stones are cut into a variety of sizes, shapes, and thicknesses for use as flooring. Stone flooring is usually set in mortar and grouted similar to ceramic tile. Slate and marble are popular types of stone flooring.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

SUSTAINABLE FLOORING Sustainable flooring is produced from sustainable materials (and by a sustainable process) that reduces demands on ecosystems during its life-cycle. Some think that sustainable flooring creates safer and healthier buildings and guarantees a future for traditional producers of renewable resources.

TOOLS USED: 

TOOLS USED Flooring tools Special tools used for flooring include: Flooring clamp , a clamp for tongue-and-groove floors while nailing Knee kicker , used to position carpets precisely and stretch small areas, like steps Concrete moisture meter used to check a concrete floor before laying flooring on top

FLOOR FEATURES: 

FLOOR FEATURES There are a number of special features that may be used to ornament a floor or perform a useful service: Floor medallions decorative centerpieces of a floor design Doormats to help keep a floor clean Gratings used to drain water or to rub dirt off shoes Tactile or rumble strips to warn of for instance a wheelchair ramp, these would normally also be distinctively or patterned. Light strips to show an escape route out, especially on airplanes. Moldings or baseboards to decorate the sides of a floor or to cover the edge of a floating floor. Anti-Slip Devices The addition of either granular or rubberized particles that will allow wheels, shoes, or feet better traction.

ISSUES WITH FLOORS : 

ISSUES WITH FLOORS Wood floors, particularly older ones, will tend to 'squeak' in certain places. This is caused by the wood rubbing against other wood, usually at a joint of the subfloor. Firmly securing the pieces to each other with screws or nails will remove this problem. Floor vibration is a particularly annoying problem with floors. Wood floors tend to pass sound, particularly heavy footsteps and low bass frequencies. [4] Floating floors can reduce or eliminate this problem. Concrete floors are usually so solid they do not have this problem, but are also much more expensive to construct, and much heavier, resulting in further requirements regarding the structure of the building. The flooring may need protection sometimes (e.g., a gym floor used for a graduation ceremony). A Gym floor cover can be used to reduce the need to satisfy incompatible requirements

SOME EXAMPLES OF FLOORINGS : 

SOME EXAMPLES OF FLOORINGS