Status & Advantages of Rail Electrification on IR

Views:
 
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Slide 1:

STATUS AND BENEFITS OF ELECTRIFICATION ON INDIAN RAILWAYS

Status of Electrification (As on 01.04.2010):

Status of Electrification (As on 01.04.2010) BG MG NG Total Route Kilometer (RKM) 52808 8473 2734 64015 Electrified 20059 0 0 20059 % Electrified 37.98 0 0 31.33

Slide 3:

%Electrification on World Railways :- (As on 01-01-2007) Source :- StatInfo.biz - a database of economic statistics of countries, markets and companies. All data are taken from official public sources.

Slide 4:

%Electrification on World Railways :- (As on 01-01-2007) Source :- StatInfo.biz - a database of economic statistics of countries, markets and companies. All data are taken from official public sources.

Plan wise Progress of Electrification on Indian Railways:

Plan Period RKM Electrified Cumulative Electrified RKM - 1925-56 529 529 2nd Plan 1956-61 216 745 3rd Plan 1961-66 1678 2423 Annual Plan 1966-69 814 3237 4th Plan 1969-74 953 4190 5th Plan 1974-78 533 4723 Inter Plan 1978-80 195 4918 6th Plan 1980-85 1522 6440 7th Plan 1985-90 2812 9252 Inter Plan 1990-92 1557 10809 8th Plan 1992-97 2708 13517 9th Plan 1997-02 2484 16001 10th Plan 2002-07 1810 17811 Plan wise Progress of Electrification on Indian Railways 11 th plan(31.03.10) 2007-12 20059 2248

Slide 6:

“Vision – 2020” - A Policy Document of Railway Board has set up a target of increasing electrified RKM from 20000 RKM at present to 33000 RKM by 2020, so as to meet the challenge of hauling 250% more traffic by 2020 .

Slide 9:

( Pink Book of 2010-11 ) completed 70% completed completed completed completed

Slide 10:

completed completed completed completed completed 80% completed

Slide 11:

completed completed 80% completed completed Nearing completion

Slide 12:

completed Work completed Awaiting CRS Insp. Work completed Awaiting CRS Insp. 80% completed 80% completed 50% completed

Slide 13:

Work completed Awaiting CRS Insp. completed 4 0% completed

Slide 14:

( totalling 1430 km.) Suppl. Budget – 1.Mathura – Alwar 2. Gooty-Yelhanka-Banguluru - sanctioned.

Slide 15:

Sections under active consideration for sanction (as per Railway Budget Speech for 10-11) i . Vizianagram-Raygada ii. Mathura- Alwar - Rewari - Hissar iii. Guntakal -Bellary- Hospet -Vasco de gama

Slide 16:

Sections for which Feasibility study is undertaken (as per Railway Budget Speech for 10-11) i . Bardhaman - Katwa -New Farakka including Katwa-Ahmadpur ii. Chheoki-Manikpur-Itarsi iii. Chhapra -Varanasi-Allahabad including Bhatni-Aunrihar and PhephnaIndara iv. Garwa Road- Chopan - Singrauli including Chunar-Chopan v. Pakur-Kumedpur including Gumani-Sahibganj vi. Angul-Sambalpur-Jharsuguda vii. Kiul-Tillaiyya-Manpur viii. New Bongoigaon-Jogighopa-Kamakhya ix. Bankura-Rainanagar x. Fatwa- Islampur - Bakhtiyarpur - Rajgir xi. Vijaywada-Niduduvolu including Machhlipatnam & Narsapur xii. Falaknuma – Umdanagar xiii. Secunderabad – Medchal

Slide 17:

Various Railway Electrification Projects SN ORGANISATIONAL HQ PROJECT HQ 1 Central Organisation for Railway Electrification (CORE) With HQ at Allahabad CHENNAI KOTA 3. AMBALA LUCKNOW SECUNDERABAD HAJIPUR GORAKHPUR 8. NEW JALPAIGUDI 9. BHUBNESHWAR 2 Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL) With HQ at Delhi PUNE, BHUBNESHWAR SECUNDERABAD, CHENNAI BILASPUR, BHOPAL

Electrification works in progress by RE :

Electrification works in progress by RE Project Group Section RKM Energised till 31-3-10 Balance RKM as on 1-4-10 Target for 2010-11 CHENNAI 157 & 158 Shoranur - Penambur -Mangalore 328 0 328 - 139 Trivandrum- Kanyakumari 87 0 87 53 (TVC- Eraniel ) 154 Madurai- Tuticorin - Nagercoil 262 0 262 100 (Madurai- Kumarpuram ) 155 Vellore- Villupuram 150 0 150 67 ( Villupuram-Tiruvannmalai ) Bangalore Suburban 51 45 6 6 Total 878 45 833 226

:

Project Group Section RKM Energ-ised till 31-3-10 Balance RKM as on 1-4-10 Target for 2010-11 KOTA 138 Indore – Dewas -Ujjain - Maksi 115 88 27 27 ( Maksi-Sheelakheri ) 148 Kanpur-Jhansi 241 0 241 90 (Jhansi- Ait ) Total 356 88 268 117 Electrification works in progress by RE

Electrification works in progress by RE:

Electrification works in progress by RE Project Group Section RKM Energised till 31-3-10 Balance RKM as on 1-4-10 Target for 2010-11 AMBALA 89B Ghaziabad- Moradabad 140 0 140 - 128 Moradabad-Rosa 169 80 89 89 (Bareli-MB) 143 Jallandhar-Jammutawi-Udhampur 275 99 176 36 (Jammu - Samba+Chakki-Pathankot ) 145 Shakurbasti-Rohtak 60 57 3 3 ( Rohtak Yard) 107 Khurja - Meerut-Saharanpur 207 112 95 95 ( Sakhoti -Saharanpur) 107A GZB-Meerut 47 0 47 47 145 Rohtak-Bhantida-Lehramohabbat 252 0 252 - Total 1150 348 802 270

:

Project Group Section RKM Energised till 31-3-10 Balance RKM as on 1-4-10 Target for 2010-11 L K O 129 Rosa-LKO- Alamnagar - Utratia 179 177 2 2 ( Utratia Yd ) 136 Utratia-Sultanpur 128 61 67 67( Akbarg-Sult ) 137 Sultanpur-Mughalsarai - 169 104 65 65 ( Sultanpur - Srikrishna Nagar) 153 Varansi-Unchahar 207 0 207 45 (Varanasi- Bhadohi ) Total 683 342 341 179 S C 132 Lingampalli-Wadi 161 109 52 52 ( Nawandgi-Wadi ) 156 Kangeri-Mysore 125 0 125 26 ( Kangeri-Ketohalli ) - Ballarshah-Gondia 250 0 250 - Total 536 109 427 78

Electrification works in progress by RE:

Electrification works in progress by RE Project Group Section RKM Energised till 31-3-10 Balance RKM as on 1-4-10 Target for 2010-11 Hajipur 140 AB Chhapra – Barauni 305 240 65 34 ( Dholi-Ramdayal Nag 149 Barauni-Katihar 187 0 187 50( Barauni-Umesh Nagar) Total 492 240 252 84 Gorakhpur 141 Chapra -Gorakhpur & Siwan-Thawe 207 90 117 50 ( Siwan-Bhatni ) 142 Gorakhpur-Barabanki 245 4 241 25 ( Budwal-Sarju )+36( Sarju-Gonda ) Total 452 94 358 111 Barabanki -Gorakhpur- Siwan - Chapara-Barauni-Katihar section is distributed.

Electrification works in progress by RE:

Electrification works in progress by RE Project Group Section RKM Energised till 31-3-10 Balance RKM as on 1-4-10 Target for 2010-11 Newjalpaiguri 150 Katihar-Jalpaiguri 267 0 267 65 ( Katihar-Sanjaygram ) + 35 ( Katihar-Mukuria ) 151 Jalpaiguri -New Bongaigaon 221 0 221 - 152 New Bongaigaon-Guwahati 161 0 161 - Total 649 0 649 100 Bhubneshwar Pandabeshwar-Sainthia-Pakur (incl. Khana-Santhia ) 205 0 205 50 ( Khana-Kopai )

Summary of Electrification works in progress by RE:

Summary of Electrification works in progress by RE Sl No Project Total RKM Energised till 31-3-10 Balance RKM as on 1-4-10 Target for 2010-11 1 Chennai 878 45 833 226 2 Kota 356 88 268 117 3 Ambala 1150 348 802 270 4 Lucknow 683 342 341 179 5 Secunderabad 536 109 427 78 6 Hajipur 492 240 252 84 7 Gorakhpur 452 94 358 111 8 New Jalpaiguri 649 0 649 100 9 Bhubneshwar 205 0 205 50 Grand Total 5401 1266 4135 1215

:

Project Section RKM RVNL Nandalur-Guntakal 222 Obulavripalle - Krishnapatnam 113 Bharauch-Dahej 62 Haridaspur-Paradeep 82 Daitari-Banspani 142 Pune- Wadi - Guntakal 641 Daund – Manmad incl. Shirdi 255 Gooty – Bengaluru - Yelahanka 306 Total 1823 Zonal Rly Chandigarh-LDH(NR) 112 Chandigarh-Budhi(NR) 33 Burdwan- Katwa (ER) 52 Total 197 Grand Total 2020 Electrification works in progress by RVNL & Zonal Rlys.

Future planning for electrification in next 10 yr.:

Future planning for electrification in next 10 yr. PARAMETER RKM Missing sections identified for RE 1879 Feeder routes for DFC 2042 High Density (HDN) routes 7268 Routes left in the Blue Print 2814 TOTAL 14003

Slide 27:

SECTIONS Rly. RKM Bakhtiarpur-Rajgir ECR 53 Manpur-Tilaiya-Kiul ECR 117 Katwa-Azimganj ER 78 Moradabad- Kashipur - Ramnagar , Kashipur-Lalkuan NER 136 Rampur-Kathgodam NER 89 Chhapra-Varanasi-Allahabad incl.Aunrihar-BTT & Indara-Phephna NER 503 Barabanki-AY-Akbarpur NR 160 Laksar-Dehradun incl Raiwala-Rishikesh NR 78 Utraitia-Unchahar & Zafrabad-Janghai NR 151 Madurai- Rameshwaram SR 161 Salem-Vridhachalam SR 138 Erode- Karur - Tirichirappalli & Karur-Dindigul SR 215 TOTAL 1879 MISSING SECTIONS TO BE ELECTRIFIED

Feeder routes for DFC:

Feeder routes for DFC SECTIONS Rly. RKM Panvel -Pen- Roha CR 75 Pandabeshwar-Saintia-Pakur ER 151 Hissar-Bhatinda-Suratgarh-Bridhwal NR 174 Ludhiana-Beas- Govindwal sahib NR 27 Rajpura-Dhuri-Lehra Mohabhat NR 173 Zafrabad-Akberpur-Tanda NR 99 Ludhiana-Hissar-Rewari NR/NWR 348 Hazira-Surat WR 40 Kandla port-Gandhidham-Palanpur WR 312 Mundraport-Gandhidham WR 66 Pipavav-Surendranagar WR 395 Viramgram-Samakhiali WR 182 TOTAL 2042

Slide 29:

STATUS OF ELECTRIFICATION ON HIGH DEISITY ROUTES

Slide 30:

STATUS OF ELECTRIFICATION ON HIGH DEISITY ROUTES

Slide 31:

ASS is the Source Book of data (published by Statistical Directorate of Railway Board) used for this Presentation. This ASS can be accessed on internet as : log on to indianrailways.gov.in Click Railway Bd. Directorates Click Statistics & Economics Click Annual Statistical Statement (2008-09)

Slide 32:

1. Haulage Performance of locomotives :- The relative performance of existing locomotives, Electric vis-à-vis Diesel, in terms of MGTKM per loco in last nine years is shown below :- Elec loco h as hauled 70% more tfc in 08-09

Slide 33:

Traction & Year 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 Electric 4238 4206 3170 4381 4400 4427 4506 4557 Diesel 2543 2572 2620 2661 2714 2723 2763 2840 2. Average Horse Power per Locomotive Source: ASS Stt.- 10A/Col.18,19,21&22 (1.6 times more in elect. Loco in 08-09)

Slide 34:

Share of traffic hauled on Electric & DSL Traction :- 60% traffic is hauled on electric traction in 08-09. 40% traffic is hauled on Diesel traction in 08-09. Elect has hauled 50% more than DSL , in tons. Billion Source :- ASS (08-09) Statement No. 16 / col. 8 & 9

Slide 35:

Traction 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 Freight (Elect.) 61.31 62.82 61.49 63.22 63.22 63.05 63.89 65.32 Freight (Diesel) 38.69 37.18 38.51 36.78 36.79 36.95 36.1 34.68 Pass. (Elect.) 46.75 47.60 45.32 47.03 46.70 47.46 46.95 47.92 Pass. (Diesel) 53.24 52.40 54.68 52.97 53.30 52.54 53.04 52.07 Percentage Share of Traffic in Freight & Passenger Traction - Wise Source: ASS Stt.- 16/Col.8 & 9. Pass. excludes suburban.

Slide 36:

Traction 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 Electric 2682 2746 2864 2990 3003 3044 3004 3082 Diesel 2493 2470 2649 2780 2787 2821 2863 2838 5. Average Load per Train (Goods ) in Tons Source: ASS Stt.- 23/col.9 An average electric-hauled Goods Train has carried 9% more load than an average diesel - train in 2008-09.

Slide 37:

Traction 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 Electric 25.8 26.2 24.0 24.7 25.0 25.8 26.3 26.4 Diesel 22.6 22.8 22.1 22.8 23.3 23.9 24.2 24.6 6. Average Speed of Goods Trains (BG ) in kmph . Source: ASS Stt.- 20/col.12 &13 The average speed of an electric-hauled Goods Train is 8% higher than an average diesel - train in 2008-09.

Slide 38:

Traction 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 Freight (Elect.) 311 327 434 415 390 361 396 402 Freight (Diesel) 187 183 240 238 247 268 264 265 Ratio ( Elec / Dsl ) 1.66 1.79 1.81 1.74 1.58 1.67 1.5 1.51 7. Engine Usage - NTKM per day per loco on line (fig . In 000’s) Source: ASS Stt.-22/col.21

8. Engine Usage in “Eng.Km. per day per loco in use”:

8. Engine Usage in “ Eng.Km . per day per loco in use” Diesel Electric Ratio Electric : Diesel Ekm /day/loco In use on Goods 401 487 1.21 Ekm /day/loco In use on Passanger 595 624 1.05 As per ASS Statement No.22/col.16 & 18 of year 2008-09

Slide 40:

9. Fuel consumption (SEC) & cost per 1000 GTKM Service 07-08 08-09 DSL Elec DSL Elec @ Rs.31.14/ Ltr @Rs.4.41/KWH @Rs.34.21/ Ltr @Rs.4.42/KWH Ltr Rs. KWH Rs. Ltr . Rs. KWH Rs. Pass. 4.09 127.36 18.9 83.34 4.00 136.84 19.4 85.74 Goods 2.52 78.47 7.72 34.04 2.47 84.49 7.37 32.57 Source :- Statement 27(B) of ASS of 08-09 / Col. No. 17 & 18 In 2008-09, average fuel cost per 1000 GTKM for DSL, compared to electric was :- 60% higher in Passenger & 160% higher in Goods

Slide 41:

2000-01 5389 3685 2001-02 4808 3211 2002-03 4416 2976 2003-04 4301 2929 2004-05 4410 2639 2005-06 4432 2902 2006-07 4181 2653 2007-08 5761 3967 2008-09 5752 3545 2009-10 6734 3505 FAILURE STATISTICS OF LOCOMOTIVES (as per Efficiency & Research Directorate of Rly . Bd.) Year DSL Elect

Slide 42:

Traction 00-01 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09 09-10 Elec 2791 2853 2915 2986 3065 3188 3294 3294 3443 3586 DSL 3402 3495 3472 3575 3663 3714 3809 3809 3933 4113 Loco Holding Source: ASS Stt.-10A/7&8 FAILURE PER LOCO 08-09 09-10 DSL 1.46 1.63 ELEC 1.02 0.97 Dsl locos have 50% more failures than Elect. loco

Slide 43:

BENEFITS OF ELECTRIFICATION 1. Huge Savings per year & high “Rate of Return on capital” A total of Rs.7349 crores is spent on RE Projects since inception, whereas an annual saving of Rs.6755.72 crores was achieved only in one year of 2008-09 (after deducting payments of interest & depreciation), due to electric traction. It gives annual ROR of about 92% on capital-invested in RE projects. Explanation follows in next slides.

Slide 44:

Km

Slide 45:

Constituents of traction – cost 1. Loco Repair & Maintenance Cost – - in Sheds, Workshops, POH, etc. 2. Plant & Equipment Cost - includes OHE 3. Running Staff Cost 4. Fuel Cost

Slide 46:

A saving of Rs.(156.33-68.55) = Rs.87.78 per 1000 GTKM is achieved on use of electric traction, instead of diesel. Col.50 & 69 Col.56 & 72 Col.62 & 75 Col.65 Col.123 Col.129 Col.132 & 134 Col.145 & 147 Col.177 & 180 Based on Statement No.30 of ASS of

Slide 47:

Annual Saving due to electric traction = GTKM hauled on electric traction X Saving per GTKM due to elec. traction = 895.2 x 10 9 x 87.78/1000 = Rs.7858.07 cr. (Incl. interest & deprec ) Annual Interest & Depreciation Charges = 15% of total capital invested = 15% of Rs.7349 cr. = Rs.1102.35 cr. Net Annual Saving in 2008-09 due to electric traction = Rs.(7858.07-1102.35) = Rs.6755.72 cr.

Slide 48:

A net annual saving of Rs.6755.72 cr. (after allowing for interest & depreciation) on a capital outlay of Rs.7349 cr., gives a Rate of Return (or rate of profit) at a staggering 91.9 or 92% . No other capital investment can give such a high return. Year-wise ROR on RE projects is shown in next slide. This Rate of Return or “Savings to Exchequer” will further increase as DSL prices increase and more traffic is hauled on electric traction. Reducing the working of “Diesel under wire” will further boost the savings.

Slide 49:

ROR on capital

Slide 50:

2. Low Operation & Maintenance Cost of electric traction :- As per figures published in ASS, the O&M cost of electric traction is consistently lower than diesel traction. It has 4 components viz. Loco Maintenance, Plant & Equip. Maintenance, Running Staff and Fuel. Increase in Fuel Cost increased sharply for diesel.

Slide 52:

Elect. Diesel

Slide 53:

Subsequent price hike in diesel after 08-09, amounting to Rs.2.5 per litre (which increases the diesel traction cost by Rs. 8.51 per 1000 GTKM) and taking into account the extra cost of lubricants at Rs 2 per 1000 GTKM, the total revised savings with electric traction today works out to Rs.98.29 per 1000 GTKM .

Slide 54:

Source Book for extracting data on “ Line Haul Cost ” for Freight Services.

Slide 55:

Source Book for extracting data on “ Line Haul Cost ” for Coaching Services.

Line Haul Cost (Coaching):

Line Haul Cost ( Coaching) Year Coaching (in Rs/1000GTKM) Diesel Electric 1999-00 127.66 134.25 2000-01 159.25 142.29 2001-02 153.72 146.26 2002-03 166.5 160.93 2004-05 177.17 138.72 2005-06 189.30 115.53 2006-07 206.01 127.44 2007-08 209.67 139.58 2008-09 251.49 165.00 SOURCE: SUMMARY OF END RESULTS FOR FREIGHT & COACHING

Line Haul Cost (Freight):

Line Haul Cost (Freight) Year Freight (in Rs/1000GTKM) Diesel Electric 1999-00 87.94 79.36 2000-01 103.9 82.33 2001-02 107.37 77.24 2002-03 110.44 77.35 2004-05 118.54 72.57 2005-06 121.22 89.90 2006-07 129.64 78.34 2007-08 132.99 74.56 2008-09 170.69 86.55 SOURCE: SUMMARY OF END RESULTS FOR FREIGHT & COACHING

Slide 58:

Mode of Traction % of Traffic Hauled Traffic Hauled in Billion GTKM Expenditure on Fuel in Rs.Cr . Remarks Electric 59.7 % 895.2 3774 No foreign exchange Diesel 40.3% 605.5 7055 Rs.3737 cr. of foreign exchange 3. Fuel Bill vis-à-vis Traffic Hauled In year 2008-09 In yr. 2008-09, Diesel Traction has hauled about 20% less traffic, with a fuel bill 87% higher than electric traction. As per Vision 2020 Document, electrified route will be 33000 km. & Elec. Traction shall haul 77% of total traffic, while DSL shall haul only 23%.

Slide 59:

4. Loss due to running of diesel locomotives :- In 2008-09, loss of Rs.87.78 per 1000 GTKM and haulage of 605.5 BGTKM on DSL, gives a loss of Rs.5315 cr., involving 4113 DSL locos @ Rs.1.3 cr. per DSL loco per yr.

Slide 60:

5. Precious Foreign Exchange component :- The foreign exchange component in the import of oil is around Rs.0.912 crores per loco per annum.

Slide 61:

Thus, in last 9 years, a total net gain of Rs. (27135+25274) cr. or Rs.52409 cr. could have been achieved, had the Diesel traction been replaced by Electric.

Slide 62:

6. Availability & energy-efficiency of fuel :- (A) For electric traction :- India has 7.1% of world’s coal and is the third largest producer of coal in the world. There is abundance of coal in India and this high-ash coal can not be put to any other better use. From the table the weighted energy efficiency of the total grid generated power, starting from primary fuels works out to 49%.

Slide 63:

Assuming HT transmission-loss of 15% :- The energy efficiency of electricity from generation to Railway’s Traction Substation = 49% - (15% of 49)% = 41.65% Taking further loss of energy upto Pantograph as 5%:- Energy Efficiency of electricity from generation upto Pantograph = 41.65% – (5% of 41.65)% = 39.6 % This efficiency will further increase to 42%, with the direct purchase of electricity from NTPC and commissioning of various UMPPs with super thermal criticality. Facility of “Regeneration” in 3-Phase Electric Locos further improves energy-efficiency in electric traction. The total power generation in 2008-09 was 842.4 billion units and the entire electric traction on the Railways consumed only 12.242 billion units accounting to only 1.45% of total generation in India . Traction during off-peak hours improves load-factor of grid system

Slide 64:

Availability & energy-efficiency of diesel traction :- Since both electric & diesel locomotives use electric motors for traction, energy efficiency from crude oil production / refinery and upto electricity-generation by power-pack in diesel locos, is to be considered. Refineries operate at 90% efficiency, whereas best diesel engine has a maximum efficiency of 45%. Considering some loss in the transportation, the total efficiency of diesel-traction is about 36.5% , which is lower than 39.6% for electric . The availability of crude reserves in India is only 0.5% of world’s total. Presently, India is the fourth largest oil importer by importing 80% of its oil consumption, which is increasing at an annual rate of 3.7%. The oil import is already 25% of total imports and contributes to 55% of trade-deficit. “Post-Peak-oil-scenario” is expected in yr 2014, after which low production & high demand will increase its prices abnormally high.

Slide 65:

7. Atmospheric Pollution :- Unlike petrol engines, the primary residue of a diesel engine is not a gas but charred particles that are airborne through the exhaust pipe. It comprises the principal air pollutants like nitrogen oxides and microscopically fine particles called particulate matter or soot. Diesel exhaust is one of the most dangerous pollutants because of its carcinogenic compounds and the toxicity of its fine particles. An even more significant consideration is that diesel locomotives running on railways cause pollution along the tracks & inhabited areas , at ground level , directly affecting people close by. As against this, pollution due to thermal power stations takes place generally in remote areas and the exhaust is released into the atmosphere at very great heights through tall chimneys. Further, noise factor , which is referred to as noise pollution is a major nuisance, an irritant with diesels especially when waiting at stations, and when they pass through inhabited areas.

Slide 66:

The CO 2 emissions (or GHG) from different fossil fuels while generating 1 kwh of electricity as determined by Environment Protection Agency of USA (EPA) are given as :- But since coal-based electricity generation is 64% of total electricity produced, the weighted CO 2 emission due to electric traction is (1.02x0.64)= 0.65 kg/ kwh , whereas electricity produced in diesel engines emit 0.76 kg/ kwh , which is 11% higher. Further, if pollution of Oil Refineries were also included, Diesel traction produces 16% more emission compared to electric traction.

Slide 68:

OTHER BENEFITS OF ELECTRIFICATION 1. Electric Traction is economical, traffic-growth-oriented, cleaner, and does not require foreign exchange. 2. It provides reliable electric supply to CLS, RRI, UTS etc. 3. Electric Locos have higher HP, higher balancing speeds, and therefore haul higher loads at higher speeds. 4. Electric locos have short-time overload capacity of upto 150% 5. Electric Locos visit home-sheds less frequently. 6 . Electric Locos have less failures than DSL as per RB Stats. 7. High speed passenger corridor has to be electrified. 8. Modern Electric Locos provide the facility of Regeneration. 9. Development of high HP electric locos is possible.

Slide 69:

BREAKEVEN LEVEL OF TRAFFIC DENSITY FOR RE The cost of electrification per route kilometer of double line section is about Rs. 0.9 crores and that of a single line section is about Rs.0.7 crores . The net saving per 1000 GTKM with electric traction was Rs. 87.78 in 2008-09 and has already increased to Rs.98.29 per 1000GTKM. Annual costs of interest and depreciation @ 15% on capital outlay (Rs.90 Lacs ) would work out to Rs. 13.5 lakhs for double line sections and Rs. 10.5 lakhs for single line sections. With a saving of Rs.98.29 per 1000 GTKM, the breakeven traffic density levels would work out to (13.5*1,00,000 / 98.2*1,000)=13.5*100/98.2 million GTKM per route km. This works out to 13.8 or 14 million GTKM per route km for double line sections . Likewise, the breakeven traffic density for single line sections is 10.7 million GTKM per route km.

Slide 70:

JUSTIFICATION FOR FURTHER ELECTRIFICATION 1. The average traffic density on balance non-electrified section is 17.9 MGTKM per annum, whereas even 13.8 MGTKM per annum is sufficient to justify its electrification. 2. Because of electrification, the traffic density of electrified section has increased to 47.3 MGTKM per annum. 3. Four types of sections are identified for sanction of electrification works :- i) Missing Links ii) Feeder Routes to DFC iii) High Density Network (HDN) Routes iv) Part of Blue Print of 2005-06

Slide 71:

T H A N K S