Political parties Power point

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Political parties Power point:

Political parties Power point MR. Aguilar 12 th Grade History

Brass Tax - Definitions:

Brass Tax - Definitions Grass roots campaign- (door to door) the most basic level of an activity or organization. Electoral college-a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president. Primary election-s the process by which voters, either the general public or members of a political party, can indicate their preference for a candidate in an upcoming -election, thus narrowing the field of candidates. General election-a regular election of candidates for office, as opposed to a primary election. Majority- rule is a decision rule that selects alternatives which have a majority, that is, more than half the votes. It is the binary decision rule used most often in influential decision-making bodies, including the legislatures of democratic nations. Executive order- a rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law. Party platform- refers to a political party's formal statement of its basic principles, objectives, and positions on major issues. Interest groups- a group of people that seeks to influence public policy based on a common interest or concern.


Introduction Definition: Political parties are teams of politicians, activist, and voters, whose goal is to win and control of government. Political parties are groups of people who join together for having common principles, and values. They are politicians, activist, and voters, whose goal is to win and control of government. parties however do not influence policy, influencing elected officials is the job of intreats groups.

Warm UP:

Warm UP Please focus on why we have political Parties. On a piece of paper please answer the following question in a short paragraph. What do you think political parties do within the United States.

So why do we have them- Reason 1:

So why do we have them- Reason 1 1.Political parties effect the action of the electoral college . Remember! parties exist to win elections, so they make it easier for the public to vote a certain way Example: Let’s say you are a business owner and thinking of opening your own coffee shop. There is a general election in your district and you know that republican wants to create a policy that reduces taxes to open a business. The democrat candidate on the other hand wants to create a policy to increase taxes on business to pay an additional 2% on all goods to help pay for the roads. which party would you support?

Reason 2:

Reason 2 Political parties facilitate policy making among other members. Example: democrats make alliances to strengthen the party. a popular democrat that has influence and support in California can support a democrat in Texas and rally support from Texas voters to support that candidate. Parties do not always work together and can cause disagreement and create a stall in decision making.

Reason 3:

Reason 3 Political parties also create structure and guidelines, so other politicians do not act on their own self interests. It creates discipline among party members to respect one another. Example: when candidates run for president we normally get 4 or 5 from each party instead of 100 . Over time and by the end of the primary election the stronger candidates beat the weaker ones then get the full support of the party.

What else do political parties do?:

What else do political parties do? They Inform voters on Grass roots campaigns which are issues the party typically stand for and fights to get attention. (gun control, abortion, minimum wage etc.) The president of the United States is always going to be the leader of the winning party while he/she is in office. Every political party has a platform and makes their principles and belief known to the public. Every 4 years traditional the parties update their platform during there convention, which they can choose to adopt or change their agendas and issues once it no longer has traction and another gets support. (bonus question why do parties update there platform every 4 years?) For a political party to have complete control they must secure a majority within the house and senate as well the presidency. If a president is in power but the house and senate do not have a majority, both houses will pass and create legislation from the majority’s platform. Question what is a party planform, what does it mean to you and what should it stand for? What do you want from a candidate so they can get your vote.

Obama 2008-2016:

Obama 2008-2016 When Obama was in officer democrats lost their majority in the Senate to Republicans. Because Republicans controlled both the house and senate, Obama could not implement his policy’s during his term. Obama resorting toward using Executive orders to bypass Republicans in both houses when congress rejected his party's legislation.

Political parties within the U.S and third parties.:

Political parties within the U.S and third parties. The US has thousands political parties, but why do we just hear about Democrats and Republicans?


Continued The United States has a 2-party system. A two-party system is where two major political parties dominate the government. One of the two parties typically hold’s a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to as the majority or governing party, while the other is the minority or opposition party.

The focus:

The focus Great Britain in the 17thth century had 2 groups, the Whigs who hated the monarchy and the Tories who supported the King. The Tories were also known to be the loyalist. At the time of the American revolution in 1776, the United States became independent in which the founding father wanted to do away with political Ideology and simplify politics when forming a fair democratic government.

George Washington.:

George Washington. famous quoted “However [political parties] may now and then answer popular ends, they are likely in the course of time and things, to become potent engines, by which cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people and to usurp for themselves the reins of government, destroying afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion.” Activity: on your notes please write in 1 paragraph. What George Washington thought about political parties and what they would do to the nation.

So, what happened?:

So, what happened? George Washington warned against political parties because they would create enemies among the people. Distracting the government from its intended purpose. Early political disagreements of how to run the nation created political parties. The Federalist and Democratic Republican which were the dominate. over time these 2 parties became the Republicans and Democrats we see today.

How are political parties active?:

How are political parties active? Television commercials. Advertisement. Volunteers. Speakers. They send you Mail. Play adds on the radio. Etc.

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