Computer_Viruses

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Computer Viruses and Worms:

Computer Viruses and Worms By: Monika Gupta

Overview:

Overview TYPES OF INFECTION DEFINITIONS DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VIRUS AND WORM ORIGINS TYPES OF VIRUSES WORMS

Overview Cont…:

Overview Cont… MELISSA VIRUS I LOVE YOU VIRUS CODE RED (WORM) SYMPTOMS OF AN INFECTION PROTECTION MEASURES CONCLUSION REFRENCES

Types of Infection:

Types of Infection VIRUSES E-MAIL VIRUSES WORMS TROJAN HORSES

Viruses:

Viruses A virus is a small piece of software that piggybacks on real programs. 2 main characteristics of viruses It must execute itself. It must replicate itself.

Virus :

Virus Virus might attach itself to a program such as spreadsheet. Each time the spreadsheet program runs, the virus runs too and replicate itself.

E-mail Viruses:

E-mail Viruses Moves around in e-mail messages Usually replicate itself by automatically mailing itself to dozens of people in the victim’s email address book. Example “MELISSA VIRUS” Example “I LOVE YOU VIRUS”

WORMS:

WORMS Small piece of software that uses computer networks and security holes to replicate itself. Copy of the worm scans the network for another machine that has a specific security hole. Copy itself to the new machine using the security hole and start replicating. Example “CODE RED”

Trojan Horses:

Trojan Horses A simple computer program It claim to be a game Erase your hard disk No way to replicate itself.

Difference between Virus and Worm:

Difference between Virus and Worm The difference between a worm and a virus is that a virus does not have a propagation vector. i.e., it will only effect one host and does not propagate to other hosts. Worms propagate and infect other computers. Majority of threats are actually worms that propagate to other hosts.

Why do people do it ?:

Why do people do it ? For some people creating viruses seems to be thrill. Thrill of watching things blow up.

Viruses:

Viruses Viruses show us how vulnerable we are A properly engineered virus can have an amazing effect on the Internet They show how sophisticated and interconnected human beings have become.

Types of Viruses:

File infector virus Infect program files Boot sector virus Infect the system area of a disk Master boot record virus infect disks in the same manner as boot sector viruses. The difference between these two virus types is where the viral code is located. Multi-partite virus infect both boot records and program files Macro virus infect data files. Examples: Microsoft Office Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Access files Types of Viruses

Melissa Virus (March 1999):

Melissa Virus (March 1999) Melissa virus spread in Microsoft Word documents sent via e-mail. How it works ? Created the virus as word document Uploaded to an internet newsgroup Anyone who download the document and opened it would trigger the virus. Send friendly email messages to first 50 people in person’s address book.

Melissa Virus:

Melissa Virus Melissa Virus was the fastest spreading virus ever seen. Forced a number of large companies to shut down their e-mail systems.

I Love You Virus (May,2000):

I Love You Virus (May,2000) Contained a piece of code as an attachment. Double Click on the attachment triggered the code. Sent copies of itself to everyone in the victim’s address book Started corrupting files on the victim’s machine.

Code Red (Worm):

Code Red (Worm) Code Red made huge headlines in 2001 It slowed down internet traffic when it began to replicate itself. Each copy of the worm scanned the internet for Windows NT or Windows 2000 that don’t have security patch installed. Each time it found an unsecured server, the worm copied itself to that server.

Code Red Worm:

Code Red Worm Designed to do three things Replicate itself for the first 20 days of each month. Replace web pages on infected servers with a page that declares “Hacked by Chinese” Launch a concreted attack on the White House Web server

Symptoms of Infection:

Symptoms of Infection Programs take longer to load than normal. Computer’s hard drive constantly runs out of free space. The floppy disk drive or hard drive runs when you are not using it. New files keep appearing on the system and you don’t know where it come frm.

Symptoms of Infection Cont..:

Symptoms of Infection Cont.. Strange sounds or beeping noises come from the computer. Strange graphics are displayed on your computer monitor. Unable to access the hard drive when booting from the floppy drive. Program sizes keep changing.

Protection:

Protection TO protect yourself you need to be “Proactive” about Security issues. Being reactive won’t solve anything; Specially at crunch time and deadlines!! In matter of fact it can make the problem much more complex to solve, and the situation much worse, resulting in a complete Nightmare!! Best Measures are the preventative ones.

Protection Measures:

Protection Measures You need to basically to do four steps to keep your computer and your data secure: 1. Get the latest Anti-Virus Software. 2. Make sure you have the latest security patches and hot fixes using Windows Update. 3. Use a Host-Based Firewall. 4. BACKUP your Important Files.

Conclusion:

Conclusion Be aware of the new infections out there. Take precaution measures. Always backup your data. Keep up-to-date on new Anti virus software. Simply avoid programs from unknown sources.

References:

References http://computer.howstuffworks.com/virus.htm http://www.son.washington.edu/nshelp/firewall.asp Dewdney, A. K. The New Turing Omnibus . New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2001

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