The Female Reproductive System: The Female Reproductive System By: Rachael Jacobson This system Consists of:: This system Consists of: the fallopian tube Ovum (egg) ovary uterus cervix vagina tutorvista.com Main Functions: : Main Functions: To reproduce off-spring Produces ova necessary for reproducing Transports ova to sight during ovulation for fertilization using the fallopian tubes Houses fetus post fertilization until birth of infant Organ: Ovary : Organ: Ovary 2 ovary’s rest on either sides of the uterus Within the ovary are follicles/egg cell Each ovary contains about 400,000 eggs at conception (although by the time a female begins puberty many of these eggs will have died off before being released during ovulation.) manufacture the female hormones estrogen and progesterone which is signals the onset of the menstrual cycle. http://www.womenshealth.gov/pregnancy/before-you-get-pregnant/menstrual-cycle.cfm Cell: Ova: Cell: Ova The microscopic egg cell released from one of the ovaries(approximately Every 28 days) Luteinizing hormone-The hormone responsible for releasing an egg each month When sperm encounter the ova within the fallopian tubes, they attempt to break that outer wall of the egg using hydrolitic enzymes forcing the egg to stop any other sperm from entering When fertilization occurs, ovulation of the ova every 28 days STOPS misslorisbiohome.com Tissues Within the Uterus: Tissues Within the Uterus The uterus is composed of three coats: an external or serous, a middle or muscular, and an internal or mucous. The Serous covers a majority of the external section of the uterus The Muscular consists of multiple bundles of unstriped muscular fibers The Mucous membrane has two locations within the female reproductive system– it is located in both the Uterus as well as the cervix. If a sperm does not come in contact with an ova, the ova will be released from the body (menstruation) along with the nutrients that uterus has been storing in preparation for a fetus.: If a sperm does not come in contact with an ova, the ova will be released from the body (menstruation) along with the nutrients that uterus has been storing in preparation for a fetus. The end!: The end! Bibliography: Bibliography "Female Reproductive System: Organs, Function, and More." WebMD - Better Information. Better Health. Web. 25 Sept. 2011. <http://www.webmd.com/sex-relationships/guide/your-guide-female-reproductive-system>. "Reproductive System." Nature's Best: The Human Body . Web. 25 Sept. 2011. <http://library.thinkquest.org/2935/Natures_Best/Nat_Best_High_Level / Title_Net_Page /Title_page_h.html>.