AGRICULTURE _ IT'S DIFFRENT TYPES

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Agriculture is one of the most widespread activities in the world, but its character is not uniform throughout. There are a number of ways to classify agriculture and some of the major criteria which can be adopted include the scale of farming, crop and livestock combinations, intensity of farming, means and ways of disposal of the farm produce and the level of farm mechanization etc. A number of scholars have attempted to identify various types of agriculture. The following are the major types of agriculture in the world. Nomadic Herding Nomadic Herding Nomadic Herding This type is based upon the rearing of animals on natural pastures. This practice is followed by the people of the semi arid and arid regions. They keep moving with their animals in search of natural pastures and lead a nomadic life. The type of the animals reared differ from one region to the other. Northern Africa, parts of Arabia and parts of northern Eurasia are the typical regions of this type of farming. This is a subsistence type of activity. This Powerpoint presentation will take you for a brief recap of DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGRICULTURE.

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PowerPoint Presentation:

Types Of Agriculture Presentation By :- Riya Garg D.A.V. Pushpanjali Tenth Standard

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Introduction Agriculture in India has a significant Story. Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is unquestionably the largest livelihood provider in India, more so in the vast rural areas. It also contributes a significant figure to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). I n terms of food security, rural employment, and environmentally sustainable technologies such as soil conservation, sustainable natural resource management and biodiversity protection, are essential for holistic rural development. Indian agriculture and allied activities have witnessed a green revolution, a white revolution, a yellow revolution and a blue revolution.

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In the recent years agriculture has been the main source of food on daily basis. Since the development of agriculture many different kind of production activities have been implemented.Here we will investigate different types of agriculture and difference betwen them., Types Of Agriculture DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGRICULTURE INDUSTRIALISED AGRICULTURE PLANTATION AGRICULTURE SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE SHIFTING CULTIVATION

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Industrialised Agriculture INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE is a form of modern agriculture that refers to the industrial production of livelistock, fiss, poultry and crops. The method of Industrial Agriculture is technoscientific, economic and political. It include innovation in agricultural machinery and farming methods. Genetic technology, techiniques for achieving economies of scale in production, the creation of new markets for consumption, the aplication of patent protection and global trade. These methods are widespread in developed nations and increasingly prevalent worldwide. Most of the meat, fish, dairy, eggs and vegetables available in supermarkets are produced using this method of industrial agriculture

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Plantation Agriculture Plantation agriculture is a form of commercial farming where crops are grown for profit. Large land areas are needed for this type of agriculture. Countries that have plantation agriculture usually experience high annual temperatures and receive high annual rainfall. Plantations are mainly found in countries that have a tropical climate. Plantation agriculture has its roots in the past. In the early 18th and 19th centuries, a number of plantations were set up by westerners and western companies. They employed either local and foreign workers who were willing to work for a small wage. For example, the rubber plantations set up by the British in Malaya employed many workers from India. Today, most plantatons are owned by the local governments or big compnies.

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Sustainable agriculture can be defined in many ways, but ultimately it seeks to sustain farmers, resources and communities by promoting farming practices and methods that are profitable, environmentally sound and good for communities. Sustainable agriculture fits into and complements modern agriculture. It rewards    the true values of producers and their products. It draws and learns from organic farming. It works on farms and ranches large and small, harnessing new technologies and renewing the best practices of the past. In short Sustainable Agriculture is: Economically Viable: If it is not profitable, it is not sustainable. Socially Supportive: The quality of life of farmers, farm families and farm communities is important. Ecologically Sound. We must preserve the resource base that sustains us all. Beyond the Congressional definition, sustainable agriculture has been defined in several ways, for example, as a system that can indefinitely sustain itself without degrading the land, the environment or the people. It reflects our concern with the long-term viability of agriculture. . Sustainable Agriculture

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Dr. John E. Ikerd, Extension Professor at the University of Missouri, offers    his view of sustainability: "A sustainable agriculture must be economically viable, socially responsible and ecologically sound. The economic, social and ecological are interrelated, and all are essential to sustainability. An agriculture that uses up or degrades its natural resource base, or pollutes the natural environment, eventually will lose its ability to produce. It's not sustainable. An agriculture that isn't profitable, at least over time, will not allow its farmers to stay inbusiness. It's not sustainable. An agriculture that fails to meet the needs of society, as producers and citizens as well as consumers, will not be sustained by society. It's not sustainable. A sustainable agriculture must be all three - ecologically sound, economically viable and socially responsible. And the three must be in harmony.“ However it is defined, sustainable agriculture will affect how you operate your farm or ranch.

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Shifting Cultivation shifting agriculture,   system of cultivation that preserves  soil  fertility by plot (field) rotation, as distinct from  crop rotation . In shifting agriculture a plot of land is cleared and cultivated for a short period of time; then it is abandoned and allowed to revert to its natural vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot. The period of cultivation is usually terminated when the soil shows signs of exhaustion or, more commonly, when the field is overrun by weeds. The length of time that a field is cultivated is usually shorter than the period over which the land is allowed to regenerate by lying fallow. One land-clearing system of shifting agriculture is the slash-and-burn method, which leaves only stumps and large trees in the field after the standing vegetation has been cut down and burned, its ashes enriching the soil. Cultivation of the earth after clearing is usually accomplished by hoe or digging stick and not by plow.

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Shifting agriculture has frequently been attacked in principle because it degrades the fertility of forestlands of tropical regions. Nevertheless, shifting agriculture is an adaptation to tropical soil conditions in regions where long-term, continued cultivation of the same field, without advanced techniques of soil conservation and the use of fertilizers, would be extremely detrimental to the fertility of the land. In such environments it may be preferable to cultivate a field for a short period and then abandon it before the soil is completely exhausted of nutrients.  See also   slash-and-burn-agriculture

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