present simple of to be

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Welcome To Our Class : 

Welcome To Our Class Lecturer:Tran Thi Bich Thuy Class: T031B11

1. Theory: 1.1 Form: 1.1.1. Positive: Notes: I am  I’m; is ’s; are ’re For example: He is  He’s, We are We’re Pronunciation note: I’m [am]; He’s[ hi:z]; We’re[ wi:(r)] I am We, You, They + are He, She, It + is

1.1.2. Negative: I + am not + … We, You, They + are not + … He, She, It + is not + … 1.1.3. Interrogative: Am + I +… ? Are + we/you/they + …? Is + he/she/it + …?

Notes: We use the long form for writing and speaking and the short form for speaking only. There are two short forms for negatives E.g. You’re not / You aren’t But for I am there is only one! – I’m “I am not” is “I’m not” Is not  isn’t; are not  aren’t In interrogative, we use raising intonation at the end of these sentences.

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1.2 Usage:  The simple present is used to express: 1.2.1. Personal information. Things about you! Namely your name, your job, your nationality, your maritual status and your feelings For example: He is Tom. He is a journalist. He is single. He is English. He’s happy now.

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Moreover, we also use the verb Be for information about things. Ex: This is Helen. A cup of coffee is in her hands. A cup is a thing and coffee is a thing inside the cup. The cup is white. Information about the cup. The coffee is hot. Information about the coffee. So, we use the verb Be for information about people and things.

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1.2 Usage:  The simple present is used to express: 1.2.2. A habit in the present For example: She is usually late for work. This tense often goes with adverbs of frequency: always, usually, sometimes, rarely, never, etc. For example: He is sometimes sad.

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1.2.3. A fact which is always true For example: Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam. Liverpool city is in England. 1.2.4. A fact which is true for a long time For example: My mother is a nurse. He is an engineer.  Time expressions: - Every (day, Sunday, morning...) - At (weekends/ nights.........) - In the ( mornings/ afternoons... ) Ex: Everyday, I am at school until 11.15 a.m.

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2. Practice: 2.1.True or false? 1) Paris is the capital of Japan. False. It is the capital of France. 2) Quy Nhon city is in the Central Vietnam. True. 3) Susan and Tom is workers. False. They are workers. 4) She always is happy. False. She is always happy.

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5) Are your sister a doctor? False. Is your sister a doctor? 6) Is London the capital of Britain? True. 2.2. Fill in each gap with suitable word(s). 1) Lan and Mai ____ friends. 2) I ____ cold. I ___ hot. are am not am

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3) Peijing ___ in France. It ___ in China. 4) We ____ at work now. We ___ at school. 5) His son____usually at school on weekdays. 6) He is Vietnamese. He ___ from Vietnam. isn’t is aren’t are is is

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3. Free-talk: Match each picture with a suitable job: a. ….astronaut b. …… T.V reporter c.……football player d. …… policeman 1 2 3 4 b d a c

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4. Summary:  The simple present is used to express: 4.1. A habit in the present Ex: I am always at home at weekend. 4.2. A fact which is always true Ex: The Tra Khuc river is in Quang ngai. 4.3. A fact which is true for a long time Ex: Her brother is a factory worker.

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